Chitosan in the control of rose powdery mildew and downy mildew
T. Wojdyłahttps://doi.org/10.17221/10533-PPSCitation:Wojdyła T. (2002): Chitosan in the control of rose powdery mildew and downy mildew. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 494-496.
Microcrystalline chitosan at concentrations from 0.025% to 0.2% was evaluated in the control of Sphaerotheca pannosa var. rosae and Peronospora sparsa. Shrubs were sprayed with chitosan 4 times at weekly intervals. Depending on the concentration used, chitosan reduced development of powdery mildew from 43.5% to 77% and its effectiveness was similar to triforine at concentration 0.03% (standard). Observations of rose leaves under light microscopic, which had been done 24 h after spraying showed, that chitosan caused strong hyphae deformation which almost completely collapse. Cell walls of the pathogen were sunken, corrugated and longitudinally cracked. When applied against P. sparsa effectiveness of the compound at concentration 0.0625% was similar like oxadixil at dose 0.016% (standard) and ranged from 55% to 74%. Efficacy of chitosan decreased with increasing of its concentration.Keywords:
rose; Sphaerotheca pannosa var. rosae; Peronospora sparsa; control; chitosanFigure