Ways of increasing resistance to viruses into the single plant and in populations
I.T. Balashova-Lakhmatova, N.N. Balashova, V.F. Pivovarovhttps://doi.org/10.17221/10551-PPSCitation:Balashova-Lakhmatova I.T., Balashova N.N., Pivovarov V.F. (2002): Ways of increasing resistance to viruses into the single plant and in populations. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 545-551.
Viruses as phytopathogenes have been discovered at 1892, and 638 plant’s viruses have been identified at 1989. Some of its may be epidemic and to cause significant yield losses of cultivated crops. Increasing resistance of the single plant and populations is the necessary condition for the control of viruses spread and damage. Our proposals for the increasing resistance to viruses: For the single plant the soft correction of plant’s metabolism with pretreatment of the natural bioantioxidants and immunizators – steroid glycosides. It results in lowering of virus infectivity, degree of plant’s affection and increasing of the yield on 11–41% in fact (in ToMV-tomato pathosystem). For the plant’s population– increasing to the necessary proportion the lot of tolerant and resistant forms into the plant’s assortment; – selection of resistant and tolerant forms from populations have been selected earlier as resistant to other pathogens and obtaining of the basic material collection with complex resistance; – hybridization programs and developing of tolerant and resistant hybrids; – use molecular markers of resistance for the limitation of virus infection backgrounds in the breeding programs.Keywords:
induction of virus resistance; steroid glycosides; selection of tolerant and resistant forms; hybridization programs