Healthiness of winter wheat and spring barley farmed under different systems
A. Łukanowski, A. Baturo, Cz. Sadowskihttps://doi.org/10.17221/10585-PPSCitation:Łukanowski A., Baturo A., Sadowski C. (2002): Healthiness of winter wheat and spring barley farmed under different systems. Plant Protect. Sci., 38: 662-666.
In 1997–2001 health of roots, stem bases and harvested grain of winter wheat and spring barley cultivated in organic and conventional farms in Poland was investigated. More isolates of B. sorokiniana were obtained from spring barley in the organic farm and Fusarium spp. in the conventional farm. Results of winter wheat health estimation were not clear. In the end of cropping season higher mean disease index for roots was observed in organic farm, and for stem bases the relation was opposite. The main casual agents were Fusarium spp. Their higher occurrence was observed on roots, stem bases and also on grain in the organic farm. Furthermore, organic farm conditions were favourable to Trichoderma spp. development and conventional one to Penicillium spp.Keywords:
wheat; barley; Bipolaris sorokiniana; Fusarium spp.; fungi; diseases