The efficiency of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yields and value of N:S ratio for Lolium × boucheanum

https://doi.org/10.17221/1005/2014-PSECitation:Grygierzec B., Luty L., Musiał K. (2015): The efficiency of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on yields and value of N:S ratio for Lolium × boucheanum. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 137-143.
download PDF
This paper deals with the efficiency of nitrogen (N) and sulphur (S) fertilization on yields and value of N:S ratio for hybrid ryegrass cultivated in monoculture and in a mix with white clover. The research was carried out from 2011–2013 near Krakow in southern Poland. Plants were evaluated in the context of diversified fertilization with nitrogen at rates of 50 and 100 kg N/ha as well as two sulphur-based fertilizers: Arista siarka and Pro-siarka, used at rates of 5, 10, 15 kg S/ha. Independent research findings have shown a clear synergism between nitrogen and sulphur, namely fertilization with sulphur in the form of Arysta siarka and Pro-siarka fertilizers that increased the yields of total aboveground biomass of the plants, from all cuts and decreased the values of the N:S ratio. The highest average dry matter yield was determined after the use of 50 kg N/ha and 15 kg S/ha in the form of Pro-siarka fertilizer, compared to fertilization with 50 kg N/ha, amounting to 0.52–2.08 t/ha for hybrid ryegrass and 0.15–2.40 t/ha for hybrid ryegrass with white clover, respectively. The highest average narrowing of the N:S ratio was calculated in plants fertilized with 100 kg N/ha and 15 kg S/ha in the form of Pro-siarka fertilizer.
References:
Blake-Kalff M.M.A., Zhao F.J., McGrath S.P. (2003): Sulphur deficiency diagnosis using plant tissue analysis. Fertilizers and Fertilization, 5: 5–25.
 
BROWN L., SCHOLEFIELD D., JEWKES E. C., PREEDY N., WADGE K., BUTLER M. (): The effect of sulphur application on the efficiency of nitrogen use in two contrasting grassland soils. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 135, 131-138  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859699008072
 
Grant C. A., Johnston A. M., Clayton G. W. (2003): Sulphur fertilizer and tillage effects on early season sulphur availability and N:S ratio in canola in western Canada. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 83, 451-463  https://doi.org/10.4141/S02-046
 
Lošák T., Richter R. (2003): The influence of nitrogen and sulphur on the yield and oils content of winter rape. Fertilizers and Fertilization, 4: 160–168.
 
Lošák T., Hřivna L., Richter R. (2000): The effect of increasing doses of nitrogen and sulphur on yields, quality and chemical composition of winter rape. Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych, 472: 481–487.
 
Mathot M., Mertens J., Verlinden G., Lambert R. (2008): Positive effects of sulphur fertilisation on grasslands yields and quality in Belgium. European Journal of Agronomy, 28, 655-658  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2007.12.004
 
Mathot M., Thélier-Huché L., Lambert R. (2009): Sulphur and nitrogen content as sulphur deficiency indicator for grasses. European Journal of Agronomy, 30, 172-176  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2008.09.004
 
Morris R.J. (2007): Sulphur in agriculture: Global overview. Fertilizer Focus, 1–2: 12–16.
 
Podleśna A. (2005): Sulfur fertilization as a factor affecting on crops metabolism and quality of agricultural products. Pamiętnik Puławski, 139: 161–174. (In Polish)
 
Richards I.R. (1990): Sulphur as a crop nutrient in the United Kingdom. Sulphur in Agriculture, 14: 8–9.
 
Salvagiotti Fernando, Miralles Daniel J. (2008): Radiation interception, biomass production and grain yield as affected by the interaction of nitrogen and sulfur fertilization in wheat. European Journal of Agronomy, 28, 282-290  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2007.08.002
 
Sator Ch., Rogasik J., Schnug E. (2002): Influence of sulfur nutrition on yield and dietary quality of lupin seeds. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Lupin Conference, 19–24 June, Laugarvatn, 1–4.
 
Stern David I. (2005): Global sulfur emissions from 1850 to 2000. Chemosphere, 58, 163-175  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.08.022
 
Tallec T., Diquélou S., Lemauviel S., Cliquet J.B., Lesuffleur F., Ourry A. (2008): Nitrogen:sulphur ratio alters competition between Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne under cutting: Production and competitive abilities. European Journal of Agronomy, 29, 94-101  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2008.04.004
 
Taube F., Wulfes R., Südekum K.-H. (2000): Effects of sulphur nutrition on yield and chemical composition of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Pflanzenbauwissenschaften, 4: 42–51.
 
Zhao F. J., Bilsborrow P. E., Evans E. J., McGrath S. P. (1997): Nitrogen to sulphur ratio in rapeseed and in rapeseed protein and its use in diagnosing sulphur deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 20, 549-558  https://doi.org/10.1080/01904169709365273
 
Zhao F.J., Wood A.P., McGrath S.P. (1999): Sulphur nutrition of spring peas. Annals of Applied Biology, 56: 189–194.
 
Zhao F.J., Fortune S., Barbosa V.L., McGrath S.P., Stobart R., Bilsborrow P.E., Booth E.J., Brown A., Robson P. (2006): Effects of sulphur on yield and malting quality of barley. Journal of Cereal Science, 43, 369-377  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2005.12.003
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti