Ivy pelargonium response to media containing sewage sludge and potato pulp

https://doi.org/10.17221/10/2018-PSECitation:Zawadzinska A., Salachna P. (2018): Ivy pelargonium response to media containing sewage sludge and potato pulp. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 180-185.
download PDF

In a two-year pot experiment, the effect of five growing media on the growth, flowering, decorative value of Pelargonium peltatum cv. Maxime as well as on their uptake of the nutrients and heavy metals were studied. The media were prepared from four composts (made from: sewage sludge 70% or 35%, potato pulp 35%, straw 30% or sawdust 30%) and peat in 1:1, V:V ratio. In the 1st year of research 7-month-old composts and in the 2nd year 18-month-old composts were used. Plants cultivated in 7-month-old composts showed better growth-related parameters, created more inflorescences and were more decorative than those cultivated in 18-month-old ones. The medium with compost consisting of 70% sewage sludge and 30% straw gave the best results. Composts application increased nutrients and heavy metals content in pelargonium leaves. Heavy metals content was definitely lower than the value considered toxic to plants.

Abad Manuel, Noguera Patricia, Burés Silvia (2001): National inventory of organic wastes for use as growing media for ornamental potted plant production: case study in Spain. Bioresource Technology, 77, 197-200  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00152-8
Barrett G.E., Alexander P.D., Robinson J.S., Bragg N.C. (2016): Achieving environmentally sustainable growing media for soilless plant cultivation systems – A review. Scientia Horticulturae, 212, 220-234  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2016.09.030
Bernai M.P., Paredes C., Sánchez-Monedero M.A., Cegarra J. (1998): Maturity and stability parameters of composts prepared with a wide range of organic wastes. Bioresource Technology, 63, 91-99  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(97)00084-9
Biamonte R.L., Holcomb E.J., White J.W. (1993): Fertilization. In: White J.W. (ed.): Geraniums IV. Batavia, Ball Publishing, 39–54.
Bilderback T.E., Riley E.D., Jackson B.E., Kraus H.T., Fonteno W.C., Owen, Jr. J.S., Altland J., Fain G.B. (2013): STRATEGIES FOR DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE SUBSTRATES IN NURSERY CROP PRODUCTION. Acta Horticulturae, , 43-56  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1013.2
Chaney R.L. (1989): Toxic element accumulation in soils and crops: Protecting soil fertility and agricultural food-chains. In: Bar-Yosef B., Barrow N.J., Goldshmid J. (eds.): Inorganic Contaminants in the Vadose Zone. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 140–158.
de Kreij C., Sonneveld C., Warmenhoven M.G., Straver N. (1990): Level standards nutrients in vegetables and flowers under glass. No. 15. Serie: Voedingsoplossingen Glastuinbouw. Aalsmeer/Naaldwijk. (In Dutch)
Do T.C.V., Scherer H.W. (2013): Compost as growing media component for salt-sensitive plants. Plant, Soil and Environmental, 5: 214–220.
Erdogan R., Zaimoglu Z., Budak F., Köseoglu C. (2011): Use of sewage sludge in growth media for ornamental plants and its effects on growth and heavy metal accumulation. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 99: 632–635.
Fascella G. (2015): Growing substrates alternative to peat for ornamental plants. In: Asaduzzaman Md. (ed.): Soilless Culture – Use of Substrates for the Production of Quality Horticultural Crops. InTech.
Iftikhar A., Adnan A., Sagheer A., Atyab A., Muhammad S., Ahsan A. (2012): Effect of various agricultural substrates on biometric and qualitative characteristics of Ruscus hypophyllum. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 14: 116–120.
Kaplan L., Tlustoš P., Száková J., Najmanová J. (2013): The influence of slow-release fertilizers on potted chrysanthemum growth and nutrient consumption  . Plant, Soil and Environment, 59, 385-391  https://doi.org/10.17221/45/2013-PSE
Komosa S., Breś W., Golcz A., Kozik E. (2012): Nutrition of Horticultural Crops. Warszawa, Powszechne Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne. (In Polish)
Krzywy E. (2007): Plant Nutrition. Szczecin, University of Szczecin. (In Polish)
Orroño D.I., Benítez H., Lavado R.S. (2009): Effects of heavy metals in soils on biomass production and plant element accumulation of Pelargonium and Chrysanthemum species. Agro-
chimica, 53, 168–176.
Nowosielski O. (1988): Rules for Developing Fertilizer Recommendations in Horticulture. Warszawa, Powszechne Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Leśne. (In Polish)
Raviv M. (2013): Composts in growing media: What’s new and what’s next? ISHS Acta Horticulturae, 982: 39–52.
Royal FloraHolland. Annual Report (2016): 40. Availeble at: https://publish.folders.eu/en/fixed/1057037? token=c7e5b912bfa008cb7957f8331c1477b8&pageMode=single
Schmilewski G. (2008): The role of peat in assuring the quality of growing media. Mires and Peat, 3: Art. 2.
Usman Khalid, Khan Sarfaraz, Ghulam Said, Khan Muhammad Umar, Khan Niamatullah, Khan Muhammad Anwar, Khalil Shad Khan (2012): Sewage Sludge: An Important Biological Resource for Sustainable Agriculture and Its Environmental Implications. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 03, 1708-1721  https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2012.312209
Whipker B.E. (1998): Fertility Management for Geraniums. Horticulture Information Leaflets. Raleigh, North Carolina State University.
Zawadzińska Agnieszka, Salachna Piotr (2014): Sewage Sludge Compost as Potting Media Component for ivy Pelargonium (Pelargonium peltatum (L.) L’Her.) Production. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 10, 519-524  https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2014.10.69
Zawadzińska A., Salachna P., Wilas J. (2015): Evaluation of morphological and chemical composition of seed geranium ‘Florever Deep Red’ F 1 grown in substrate containing municipal sewage sludge and potato pulp. Acta Horticulturae, , 15-20  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1104.3
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti