Effects of harvest stage and diurnal variability on yield and essential oil content in Mentha × piperita L.

https://doi.org/10.17221/114/2021-PSECitation:

Yeşil M., Özcan M.M. (2021): Effects of harvest stage and diurnal variability on yield and essential oil content in Mentha × piperita L. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 417–423.

 

download PDF

This study aimed at investigating the effect of ontogenetic and diurnal variability on yield and quality criteria of Mentha piperita. The research was conducted in the Ordu province of Turkey for two years. The trial was established in a randomised complete block design with 3 replications according to factorial regulations. Four different harvesting periods (budding, first flowering, 50% flowering, 100% flowering) and three harvesting hours (9:00 a.m., 1:00 p.m., 5:00 p.m.) were evaluated. A significant difference was determined between the trial years in all characters examined: plant height 55.9–69.0 cm, fresh herb yield 3 236–16 438 kg/ha, drug-herb yield 1 748–2 862 kg/ha, fresh leaf yield 3 477–4 506 kg/ha, drug leaf yield 968–1 253 kg/ha, essential oil ratio 2.0–2.5% and essential oil yield that varied between 19–28 L/ha. The highest yields were obtained at the beginning of flowering in drug leaf yield and 100% flowering period for all other characteristics. Diurnal variability was statistically significant only in the rate of essential oil, and the highest rate occurred in the 9:00 a.m. harvest.

 

References:
Açıkgöz M.A., Kara Ş.M. (2020): Morphogenetic, ontogenetic and diurnal variability in content and constituents of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller var. vulgare) essential oil. Kahramanmaraş University Journal Agriculture Natural, 23: 127–134.
 
Aflatuni A., Ek J.U.S., Hohtola A. (2006): Optimum harvesting time of four Mentha species in Northern Finland. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 18: 134–138. https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2006.9699043
 
Arabacı O., Tokul H.E., Öğretmen N.G., Bayram E. (2015): The effect of diurnal variability on yield and quality in naturally grown Coridothymus capitatus L. genotypes. Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 52: 141–150.
 
Arslan Y., Katar D., Subaşı İ. (2010): Determination of ontogenetic variability of essential oil content and components in menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) in Ankara ecological conditions. Gazi Osmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 27: 39–43.
 
Baydar H. (2019): Science and Technology of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 6th Edition. Ankara, Nobel Publications, 1–424.
 
Bufalo J., Zheljazkov V.D., Cantrell C.L., Astatkie T., Ciampa L., Jeliazkova E. (2015): Diurnal effects on spearmint oil yields and composition. Scientia Horticulturae, 182: 73–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2014.11.018
 
Can M., Katar D. (2020): Effect of different organic fertilizer applied from foliar on agricultural and quality characteristics of Mentha × piperita L. and Mentha spicata L. species. Anadolu Journal Agriculure Science, 35: 361–373.
 
Çalışkan T., Özgüven M. (2018): Mentha arvensis var. piperascens (L.) holmes in ontogenetic and molecular characterization of variability. Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 2018: 35–37. (In Turkish)
 
Duriyaprapan S., Britten E. (1982): The effect of age and location of leaf on quality of cornmint oil production. Journal of Experimental Botany, 33: 810–814. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/33.4.810
 
Hadian J., Tabatabaei S.M.F., Naghavi M.R., Jamzad Z., Ramak-Masoumi T. (2008): Genetic diversity of Iranian accessions of Satureja hortensis L. based on horticultural traits and RAPD markers. Scientia Horticulturae, 115: 196–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2007.08.007
 
Herro E., Jacob S.E. (2010): Mentha piperita (peppermint). Dermatitis, 21: 327–329. https://doi.org/10.2310/6620.2011.10080
 
Karaca Öner E., Sonkaya M. (2020): Identification of ontogenetic and diurnal variability in oregano (Origanum onites L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48: 1185–1193. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48311842
 
Karik Ü., Tinmaz A.B., Kürkçüoğlu M., Başer K.H.C., Tümen G. (2007): Effect of different cutting time on yield and quality in İstanbul Kekiği (Origanum vulgare L. subsp. hirtum) populations. Bahçe, 36: 37–48.
 
Katar N., Katar D., Aydın D., Olgun M. (2018): Effect of ontogenetic variability on essential oil content and its components in sage (Salvia officinalis L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Wildlife Science, 4: 231–236.
 
Khalid K.A., Hu W.L., Cai W.M., Hussien M.S. (2009): Influence of cutting and harvest day time on essential oils of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.). Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 12: 348–357.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0972060X.2009.10643730
 
Kızıl S., Tonçer Ö. (2005): Effects of different harvest times on wild thyme (Thymus kotschyamus) and its essential oil components. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 18: 2353–2358.
 
Kızıl S., Tonçer Ö. (2006): Influence of different harvest times on the yield and oil composition of spearmint (Mentha spicata L. var. spicata). Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 4: 135–137.
 
Kızıl S. (2009): The effect of different harvest stages on some agronomical characteristics of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.). Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 15: 20–24.
 
Kulan E.G. (2013): Determination of some plant characteristics and diurnal variability of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) grown under Eskişehir conditions. [Ms Thesis]. Eskişehir, Eskisehir Osmangazi University.
 
Kumar R., Sharma S., Sood S., Agnihotri V.K., Singh B. (2013): Effect of diurnal variability and storage conditions on essential oil content and quality of damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) flowers in north western Himalayas. Scientia Horticulturae, 154: 102–108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2013.02.002
 
Lakušič B.S., Ristič M.S., Slavkovska V.N., Stojanovič D.L., Lakusič D.V. (2013): Variations in essential oil yields and compositions of Salvia officinalis (Lamiaceae) at different developmental stages. Botanica Serbica, 37: 127–139.
 
Llorens-Molina J.A., Vacas G.S., Garcia R.D., Verdeguer S.M.M. (2014): Individual monitoring to study organ and diurnal variations in Mentha longifolia L. Natural Volatiles and Essantial Oils, 1: 73–79.
 
McKay D.L., Blumberg J.B. (2006): A review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of peppermint tea (Mentha piperita L.). Phytoterapy Resarch, 20: 619–633. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1936
 
Moghaddam M., Pourbaige M., Tabar H.K., Farhadi N., Hosseini S.M.A. (2013): Composition and antifungal activity of peppermint (Mentha piperita) essential oil from Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 16: 506–512. https://doi.org/10.1080/0972060X.2013.813265
 
Özgüven M., Kırıcı S. (1999): Research on yield, essential oil, contents and components of mint (Mentha) species in different ecologies. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 23: 465–472.
 
Özyazıcı G., Kevseroğlu K. (2019): Effects of ontogenetic variability on yield of some Labiatae family (Mentha spicata L., Origanum onites L., Melissa officinalis L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) plants. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 6: 174–185.
 
Piccaglia R., Dellacecca V., Marotti M., Giovanelli E. (1993): Agronomic factors affecting the yields and the essential oil composition of peppermint (Mentha × piperita L.). Acta Horticulture, 344: 29–40. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1993.344.4
 
Ramakrishna A., Ravishankar G.A. (2011): Influence of abiotic stress signals on secondary metabolites in plants. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 6: 1720–1731. https://doi.org/10.4161/psb.6.11.17613
 
Singh R., Shushni M.A.M., Belkheir A. (2015): Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Mentha piperita L. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 8: 322–328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2011.01.019
 
Telci İ. (2001): Determination of some morphological, agronomical and technological characters of different mint (Mentha spp.) clones. [Ph.D. Thesis]. Tokat, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University.
 
Topalov V., Zheljazkov V., Kolarov V. (1991): Effect of harvesting stages on the yield of fresh material, essential oil, and planting material from Mentha piperita Huds. and Mentha arvensis L. Herba Hungarica, 1–2: 60–67.
 
Uyanik M., Gürbüz B. (2015): Effect of ontogenetic variability on essential oil content and its composition in lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.). Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty, 12: 91–96.
 
Wahba H.E., Ibrahim M.E., Mohamed M.A. (2018): Comparative studies of the constituents of fennel essential oils extracted from leaves and seeds with those extracted from waste plants after harvest. Journal of Materials and Environmental Sciences, 9: 2174–2179.
 
Yaldız G., Çamlıca M. (2018): Production and Trade of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Turkey. In: Proceedings of the GARDEN 47 – Special 2: International Agriculture Congress. UTAK, 224–229.
 
Yeşil M. (2012): Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus dosages on the quality and agricultural characteristics of Mentha spicata L. and Mentha villoso-nervata L. genotypes. [Ph.D. Thesis]. Yakutiye, Atatürk University.
 
Yıldırım M.U., Sarihan E.O., Kul H., Khawar K.M. (2019): Diurnal and nocturnal variability of essential oil content and components of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (Lavender). Mustafa Kemal University Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 24: 268–278.
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti