Uptake of Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn by maize in the strip cropping system
A. Głowackahttps://doi.org/10.17221/122/2013-PSECitation:Głowacka A. (2013): Uptake of Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn by maize in the strip cropping system . Plant Soil Environ., 59: 322-328.
A field experiment was conducted in 2008–2010 at the Experimental Station of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences in Zamość (50°42'N, 23°16'E), University of Life Sciences in Lublin. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of cropping method and weed control methods on the content of Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn in maize and on their uptake. Two cropping methods were studied – sole cropping and strip cropping (common bean, dent maize and spring barley in adjacent strips) and two weed control methods – mechanical and chemical. Strip cropping reduced Mn content in maize, did not significantly affect Zn content, and increased accumulation of Cu and Fe. The content and uptake of the elements by maize depended on the position of the row in the strip and on the adjacent plant species. Placement next to beans resulted in higher Fe and Zn content, while placement next to barley increased Cu content. The highest Mn content was noted in maize from the centre row. In general, micronutrient uptake by maize was lowest in the middle row. These results indicate that strip cropping can be an effective agricultural practise for plant biofortification.