The effect of light availability on leaf area index, biomass production and plant species composition of park grasslands in Warsaw
P. Dąbrowski, B. Pawluśkiewicz, H.M. Kalaji, A.H. Baczewskahttps://doi.org/10.17221/140/2013-PSECitation:Dąbrowski P., Pawluśkiewicz B., Kalaji H.M., Baczewska A.H. (2013): The effect of light availability on leaf area index, biomass production and plant species composition of park grasslands in Warsaw . Plant Soil Environ., 59: 543-548.
How light conditions affect development of park grasslands is a question that has not been satisfactory addressed. The aim of this study was therefore determination of the level to which unfavorable light conditions influence grassy parks area and relationships between parameters which determine state of turf grasses. Researches were conducted in two parks in Warsaw, in various light conditions and included measurement of: leaf density, sward height, leaf area index (LAI), and botanical composition of the communities. The leaf density of shaded areas did not exceed 70%. LAI value varied from 0.5 to 0.9-fold lower than in the areas in half-shade and in sun. The participation of basic lawn species at Skaryszewski Park was higher under shade, while at Łazienki Królewskie was higher in full-sunlight areas. The state of tested grassy areas in limited solar radiation does not satisfy the requirements of recreational and representational functions. The development processes of vegetation coverage were inhibited at the sites of lower solar radiation. LAI was influenced by both leaf coverage and sward height. Agrostis stolonifera and Poa trivialis may be recommended to create grass areas under limited solar radiation.
green infrastructure; park habitat conditions; urban green area; environmental improvement; leaf density of sward