Effects of phosphorus concentration on adaptive mechanisms of high- and low-P efficiency soybean genotypes when grown in solution
M. Shujie, Q. Yunfahttps://doi.org/10.17221/143/2010-PSECitation:Shujie M., Yunfa Q. (2011): Effects of phosphorus concentration on adaptive mechanisms of high- and low-P efficiency soybean genotypes when grown in solution. Plant Soil Environ., 57: 61-66.
Low availability of phosphorus (P) in soil is a major constraint for crop production in agricultural ecosystems. Therefore, it is very important to explain the adaptive mechanism of crops under low P conditions. The response of high- and low-P efficient soybean (Glycine max L.) genotypes to various external P level was carried out in nutrient solution culture. Results showed that Dongnong1031 (low P-efficient genotype) undergoes major changes in terms of dry mass, root length, root number and root surface, while these response of Hai 616 (high P-efficient genotype) was lower after five weeks of growth. The higher P level in solution, the smaller difference between the two genotypes in these parameters. The amount of H+ released by root of Dongnong1031 was lower than that of Hai 616, except when supplied with 50 μmol external P. There was a positive relationship between RPAE (relative phosphorus absorption efficiency) and P concentration in shoot and root material at all P levels, irrespective of soybean genotype. An exponential relationship was found between PUE (phosphorus utilization efficiency) and P concentrations in shoots and roots. These results suggested that an increase in measured root parameters coupled with H+ release by roots were key mechanisms for soybean genotypes with high-P efficiency to cope with low P conditions when grown in solution. In order to best select high soybean genotype with high-P efficiency one should pay attention to PUE combined with high RPAE.Keywords:
soybean; phosphorus; P efficiency; adaptive mechanism