Influence of weather conditions on the physicochemical characteristics of potato tubers O., Seijo-Rodriguez A., Rodríguez-Flores M.S., Míguez M., Seijo M.C. (2018): Influence of weather conditions on the physicochemical characteristics of potato tubers. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 317-323.
download PDF

Physicochemical properties of the tuber as a commercial product differ according to environmental conditions of the area and the growing season. The knowledge about how weather affects these characteristics, allows estimating the correct selection of the cultivars in order to obtain the highest yields or desired physicochemical qualities. In this sense, the effect of the main meteorological factors on the physicochemical characteristics (size, texture, dry matter, soluble solids, phenols, flavonoids, carotenoids and inhibitor concentration (IC50)) of 8 potato cultivars growing in A Limia (North-West Spain) was analysed. The study was conducted during three consecutive years (2014–2016) and the results presented significant differences in the analyzed parameters between years (P < 0.05). Spearman’s correlations and principal component analysis showed that the tubers of 2014 (with colder weather conditions) had the highest phenol content and the lowest flavonoids and carotenoids content. Therefore, the temperature positively favoured the flavonoid content and carotenoid content (samples from 2016), although the size of potato tubers was considerably smaller.

Affleck Ian, Sullivan J. Alan, Tarn R., Falk D. E. (2008): Genotype by environment interaction effect on yield and quality of potatoes. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 88, 1099-1107
Andre Christelle M., Schafleitner Roland, Guignard Cédric, Oufir Mouhssin, Aliaga Carlos Alberto Alvarado, Nomberto Giannina, Hoffmann Lucien, Hausman Jean-François, Evers Danièle, Larondelle Yvan (2009): Modification of the Health-Promoting Value of Potato Tubers Field Grown under Drought Stress: Emphasis on Dietary Antioxidant and Glycoalkaloid Contents in Five Native Andean Cultivars ( Solanum tuberosum L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57, 599-609
Arvouet-Grand A., Vennat B., Pourrat A., Legret P. (1994): Standardisation d’un extrait de propolis et identification des principaux constituants. Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique, 49: 462–468.
Brand-Williams W., Cuvelier M.E., Berset C. (1995): Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 28, 25-30
Burlingame Barbara, Mouillé Beatrice, Charrondière Ruth (2009): Nutrients, bioactive non-nutrients and anti-nutrients in potatoes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 22, 494-502
Hamouz K., Lachman J., Dvořák P., Jůzl M., Pivec V. (2011): The effect of site conditions, variety and fertilization on the content of polyphenolsin potato tubers. Plant, Soil and Environment, 52, 407-412
Hamouz K., Lachman J., Hejtmánková K., Pazderů K., Čížek M., Dvořák P. (2010): Effect of natural and growing conditions on the contentof phenolics in potatoes with different flesh colour. Plant, Soil and Environment, 56, 368-374
Hamouz K., Pazderů K., Lachman J., Čepl J., Kotíková Z. (2016): Effect of cultivar, flesh colour, locality and year<br /> on carotenoid content in potato tubers. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 86-91
Hejtmánková Kateřina, Kotíková Zora, Hamouz Karel, Pivec Vladimír, Vacek Josef, Lachman Jaromír (2013): Influence of flesh colour, year and growing area on carotenoid and anthocyanin content in potato tubers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 32, 20-27
Laxhman J., Hamouz K., Hejtmánek A., Dudjak J., Orsák M., Pivec V. (2011): Effect of white fleece on the selected quality parameters of early potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. Plant, Soil and Environment, 49, 370-377
Lachman J., Hamouz K. (2011): Red and purple coloured potatoes as a significant antioxidant source in human nutrition &ndash; a review. Plant, Soil and Environment, 51, 477-482
Lachman J., Hamouz K., Orsák M., Kotíková Z. (2016): Carotenoids in potatoes – a short overview  . Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 474-481
Lange F. D., Kawchuk L. M. (2014): Growth Strategies for a Declining Market- the German Fresh Potato Market. American Journal of Potato Research, 91, 440-446
Pazderů K., Hamouz K., Lachman J., Kasal P. (2016): Yield potential and antioxidant activity of potatoes&nbsp;with coloured flesh. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 417-421
Reddivari Lavanya, Hale Anna L., Miller J. Creighton (2007): Genotype, Location, and Year Influence Antioxidant Activity, Carotenoid Content, Phenolic Content, and Composition in Specialty Potatoes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, 8073-8079
Reyes L. F., Miller J. C., Cisneros-Zevallos L. (2004): Environmental conditions influence the content and yield of anthocyanins and total phenolics in purple- and red-flesh potatoes during tuber development. American Journal of Potato Research, 81, 187-193
Seijo-Rodríguez Ana, Escuredo Olga, Rodríguez-Flores M. Shantal, Seijo-Coello M. Carmen (2018): Assessment of Antioxidant Potential of Potato Varieties and the Relationship to Chemical and Colorimetric Measurements. American Journal of Potato Research, 95, 71-78
Singleton V.L., Rossi J.A. (1965): Colorymetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 16: 144–158.
WURR D. C. E., FELLOWS J. R., AKEHURST J. M., HAMBIDGE A. J., LYNN J. R. (): The effect of cultural and environmental factors on potato seed tuber morphology and subsequent sprout and stem development. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 136, 55-63
Zarzecka K., Gugała M. (2011): The effect of herbicides and soil tillage systems on the content of polyphenols in potato tubers. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 20: 513–517.
Zarzecka Krystyna, Gugała Marek, Sikorska Anna, Mystkowska Iwona, Baranowska Alicja, Niewęgłowski Marek, Dołęga Honorata (2017): The effect of herbicides and biostimulants on polyphenol content of potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers and leaves. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, , -
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti