Residual effect of straw biochar on grain yield and yield attributes in a double rice cropping system of subtropical China

https://doi.org/10.17221/147/2022-PSECitation:

Lv R.J., Wang Y., Wang Q.J., Zeng Y.H., Shang Q.Y. (2022): Residual effect of straw biochar on grain yield and yield attributes in a double rice cropping system of subtropical China. Plant Soil Environ., 68: 328–337.

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Biochar is considered as a soil amendment for enhancing crop productivity. However, limited information is available on the residual effect of biochar application on rice grain yield and yield attributes. In this study, a fixed field experiment was conducted in a double rice-cropping system from 2017 to 2019. The dynamics of rice grain yield and yield attributes were monitored in the six growing seasons with 0, 20, and 40 t/ha biochar application. The results showed that the averaged grain yields in the first four seasons were increased by 2.56−16.84% and 6.15−10.77% with 20 and 40 t/ha biochar application. The trend of increased grain yield in rice with biochar application during the first seasons was mainly attributable to an increase in total biomass, panicles per m2 and spikelets per panicle. Nonetheless, the grain yields in the sixth season were not influenced by biochar addition due to decreases in panicles per m2 and spikelets per panicle. Thus, it can be seen that the positive effects of biochar application on rice yield and yield attributes depend on the duration of biochar application.

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