Residual effect of straw biochar on grain yield and yield attributes in a double rice cropping system of subtropical China

Lv R.J., Wang Y., Wang Q.J., Zeng Y.H., Shang Q.Y. (2022): Residual effect of straw biochar on grain yield and yield attributes in a double rice cropping system of subtropical China. Plant Soil Environ., 68: 328–337.

download PDF

Biochar is considered as a soil amendment for enhancing crop productivity. However, limited information is available on the residual effect of biochar application on rice grain yield and yield attributes. In this study, a fixed field experiment was conducted in a double rice-cropping system from 2017 to 2019. The dynamics of rice grain yield and yield attributes were monitored in the six growing seasons with 0, 20, and 40 t/ha biochar application. The results showed that the averaged grain yields in the first four seasons were increased by 2.56−16.84% and 6.15−10.77% with 20 and 40 t/ha biochar application. The trend of increased grain yield in rice with biochar application during the first seasons was mainly attributable to an increase in total biomass, panicles per m2 and spikelets per panicle. Nonetheless, the grain yields in the sixth season were not influenced by biochar addition due to decreases in panicles per m2 and spikelets per panicle. Thus, it can be seen that the positive effects of biochar application on rice yield and yield attributes depend on the duration of biochar application.

Bai S.H., Reverchon F., Xu C., Xu Z., Blumfield T.J., Zhao H., Van Zwieten L., Wallace H.M. (2015): Wood biochar increases nitrogen retention in field settings mainly through abiotic processes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 90: 232–240.
Bhattacharyya P., Bisen J., Bhaduri D., Priyadarsini S., Munda S., Chakraborti M., Adak T., Panneerselvam P., Mukherjee A.K., Swain S.L., Dash P.K., Padhy S.R., Nayak A.K., Pathak H., Kumar S., Nimbrayan P. (2021): Turn the wheel from waste to wealth: economic and environmental gain of sustainable rice straw management practices over field burning in reference to India. Science of the Total Environment, 775: 145896.
Blum A. (1993): Selection for sustained production in water-deficit environments. In: Shibles R., Forsberg R.A., Blad B.L., Asay K.H., Paulsen G.M., Wilson R.F. (eds.): International Crop Science. Vol. 1. Madison, Crop Science Society of America, 343–347.
Chen X., Yang S., Ding J., Jiang Z., Sun X. (2021): Effects of biochar addition on rice growth and yield under water-saving irrigation. Water, 13: 209.
Cui Y., Meng J., Wang Q., Zhang W., Cheng X., Chen W. (2017): Effects of straw and biochar addition on soil nitrogen, carbon, and super rice yield in cold waterlogged paddy soils of North China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 16: 1064–1074.
Cui Q., Xia J., Yang H., Liu J., Shao P. (2021): Biochar and effective microorganisms promote Sesbania cannabina growth and soil quality in the coastal saline-alkali soil of the Yellow River Delta, China. Science of the Total Environment, 756: 143801.
Fan M., Shen J., Yuan L., Jiang R., Chen X., Davies W.J., Zhang F. (2012): Improving crop productivity and resource use efficiency to ensure food security and environmental quality in China. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63: 13–24.
Futa B., Oleszczuk P., Andruszczak S., Kwiecińska-Poppe E., Kraska P. (2020): Effect of natural aging of biochar on soil enzymatic activity and physicochemical properties in long-term field experiment. Agronomy, 10: 449.
Huang M., Zou Y., Feng Y., Cheng Z., Mo Y., Ibrahim M., Xia B., Jiang P. (2011): No-tillage and direct seeding for super hybrid rice production in rice-oilseed rape cropping system. European Journal of Agronomy, 34: 278–286.
Huang M., Fan L., Jiang L., Yang S., Zou Y., Uphoff N. (2019): Continuous applications of biochar to rice: effects on grain yield and yield attributes. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18: 563–570.
Ibrahim E.A., El-Sherbini M.A.A., Selim E.M. (2022): Effects of biochar on soil properties, heavy metal availability and uptake, and growth of summer squash grown in metal-contaminated soil. Scientia Horticulturae.
IUSS Working Group, WRB (2006): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2006. World Soil Resources Reports, No. 103. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Jaynes D.B., Colvin T.S., Karlen D.L., Cambardella C.A., Meek D.W. (2001): Nitrate loss in subsurface drainage as affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30: 1305–1314.
Jeffery S., Verheijen F.G.A., van der Velde M., Bastos A.C. (2011): A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application to soils on crop productivity using meta-analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems Environment, 144: 175–187.
Kropff M.J., Cassman K.G., Peng S., Matthews R.B., Setter T.L. (1994): Quantitative understanding of yield potential. In: Cassman K.G. (ed.): Breaking the Yield Barrier. Los Baños, International Rice Research Institute, 21–38.
Liu C., Wang C., Yao H., Chapman S.J. (2021a): Pretreatment is an important method for increasing the conversion efficiency of rice straw by black soldier fly larvae based on the function of gut microorganisms. Science of The Total Environment, 762: 144118.
Liu X., Wei Z., Ma Y., Liu J., Liu F. (2021b): Effects of biochar amendment and reduced irrigation on growth, physiology, water-use efficiency and nutrients uptake of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) on two different soil types. Science of the Total Environment, 770: 144769.
Liu Y., Li H., Hu T., Mahmoud A., Li J., Zhu R., Jiao X., Jing P. (2022): A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application on rice yield and nitrogen use efficiency in paddy fields: a meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment.
Pal R., Mahajan G., Sardana V., Chauhan B.S. (2017): Impact of sowing date on yield, dry matter and nitrogen accumulation, and nitrogen translocation in dry-seeded rice in North-West India. Field Crops Research, 206: 138–148.
Peng S., Khush G.S., Virk P., Tang Q., Zou Y. (2008): Progress in ideotype breeding to increase rice yield potential. Field Crops Research, 108: 32–38.
Quan G., Fan Q., Cui L., Zimmerman A.R., Wang H., Zhu Z., Gao B., Wu L., Yan J. (2020): Simulated photocatalytic aging of biochar in soil ecosystem: insight into organic carbon release, surface physicochemical properties and cadmium sorption. Environmental Research, 183: 109241.
Rajkovich S., Enders A., Hanley K., Hyland C., Zimmerman A.R., Lehmann J. (2012): Corn growth and nitrogen nutrition after additions of biochars with varying properties to a temperate soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 48: 271–284.
Sarfraz R., Yang W., Wang S., Zhou B., Xing S. (2020): Short term effects of biochar with different particle sizes on phosphorous availability and microbial communities. Chemosphere, 256: 126862.
Shi R., Li J., Ni N., Xu R. (2019): Understanding the biochar’s role in ameliorating soil acidity. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18: 1508–1517.
Tian Q., He L., Liao S., Li W., Deng F., Zhou W., Zhong X., Ren W. (2021): Indica rice restorer lines with large sink potential exhibit improved nutrient transportation to the panicle, which enhances both yield and nitrogen-use efficiency. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20: 1438–1456.
Verheijen F., Jeffery S., Bastos A.C., van der Velde M., Diafas I. (2010): Biochar Application to Soils: a Critical Scientific Review of Effects on Soil Properties, Processes, and Functions. Luxembourg, Office for the Official Publication of the European Communities.
Wang L., O’Connor D., Rinklebe J., Ok Y.S., Tsang D.C.W., Shen Z., Hou D. (2020): Biochar aging: mechanisms, physicochemical changes, assessment, and implications for field applications. Environmental Science and Technology, 54: 14797–14814.
Warnock D.D., Lehmann J., Kuyper T.W., Rillig M.C. (2007): Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil – concepts and mechanisms. Plant and Soil, 300: 9–20.
Yang J., Peng S., Zhang Z., Wang Z., Visperas R.M., Zhu Q. (2002): Grain and dry matter yields and partitioning of assimilates in Japonica/Indica hybrid rice. Crop Science, 42: 766–772.
Yang S., Wang Y., Liu R., Li Q., Yang Z. (2018): Effects of straw application on nitrate leaching in fields in the Yellow River irrigation zone of Ningxia, China. Scientific Reports, 8: 954.
Ying J., Peng S., He Q., Yang H., Yang C., Visperas R.M., Cassman K.G. (1998): Comparison of high-yield rice in tropical and subtropical environments I. Determinants of grain and dry matter yields. Field Crops Research, 57: 71–84.
Yuan H., Zhu Z., Wei X., Liu S., Peng P., Gunina A., Shen J., Kuzyakov Y., Ge T., Wu J., Wang J. (2019): Straw and biochar strongly affect functional diversity of microbial metabolism in paddy soils. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18: 1474–1485.
Zeng X., Ma Y., Ma L. (2007): Utilization of straw in biomass energy in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11: 976–987.
Zhai L., Caiji Z., Liu J., Wang H., Ren T., Gai X., Xi B., Liu H. (2015): Short-term effects of maize residue biochar on phosphorus availability in two soils with different phosphorus sorption capacities. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 51: 113–122.
Zhang H., Voroney R.P., Price G.W. (2015): Effects of temperature and processing conditions on biochar chemical properties and their influence on soil C and N transformations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 83: 19–28.
Zhang J., Zhou S., Sun H., Lü F., He P. (2019): Three-year rice grain yield responses to coastal mudflat soil properties amended with straw biochar. Journal of Environmental Management, 239: 23–29.
Zhang Y., Yang J., Yao R., Wang X., Xie W. (2020): Short-term effects of biochar and gypsum on soil hydraulic properties and sodicity in a saline-alkali soil. Pedosphere, 30: 694–702.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti