Nutritional status of winter oilseed rape in cardinal stages of growth as the yield indicator

https://doi.org/10.17221/150/2015-PSECitation:Szczepaniak W., Grzebisz W., Potarzycki J., Łukowiak R., Przygocka-Cyna K. (2015): Nutritional status of winter oilseed rape in cardinal stages of growth as the yield indicator. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 291-296.
download PDF
Nutritional status of the seed crop during its vegetative growth is a tool for a reliable yield prognosis. This approach has been validated for oilseed rape in three 2007/2008, 2008/2009, and 2009/2010 seasons. The field experimental design was: untreated control, NP, NPK, NPKMgS1 (1/3 total MgS rate, spring applied), NPKMgS2 (total rate, autumn), NPKMgS3 (2/3 – autumn, 1/3 – spring). The concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Zn, and Cu were measured in two stages: rosette (whole plant) and flowering (leaves). The yield prognosis was based on path analysis and stepwise regression. The elevated concentration of P, Ca, and Zn in plants at the rosette stage was the early symptom of nutrient imbalance. The Mg concentration in plant leaves at flowering was revealed as the decisive yield predictor. The manner of its management in plant canopy during the yield forming period (YFP) was crucial for the harvested yield. It was documented that each factor leading to increase in Ca but decrease in Mg concentration resulted in yield decrease. The key reason of Mg shortage was its low uptake during the YFP and simultaneous increase in Mn concentration.
References:
Barlog P., Grzebisz W. (2004): Effect of Timing and Nitrogen Fertilizer Application on Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.). I. Growth Dynamics and Seed Yield. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 190, 305-313  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2004.00108.x
 
Barłóg P., Grzebisz W., Diatta J. (2005): Effect of timing and nitrogen fertilizers on nutrients content and uptake by winter oilseed rape. Part I. Dry matter accumulation and nutrients content. In: Górecki H. (ed.): Chemistry in Agriculture. Prague and Brussels, Czech-Pol Trade.
 
Diatta J. (2013): Geoavailability and phytoconcentration of Zn: Facing the critical value challenge (Poland). Journal of Elementology, 18: 589–604.
 
Diepenbrock W (2000): Yield analysis of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.): a review. Field Crops Research, 67, 35-49  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(00)00082-4
 
FAOSTAT (2015): Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor (accessed 2015-02-17)
 
Grzebisz Witold, Przygocka-Cyna Katrzyna, Diatta Jean Bernard, Szczepaniak Witold, Potarzycki Jarosław (2010): Magnesium as a nutritional tool of nitrogen efficient management - plant production and environment. Journal of Elemntology, , -  https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2010.15.4.771-788
 
Konys L., Wiśniewski P. (1984): Path analysis. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu, 102: 37–57.
 
Merrien A. (1992): Winter oilseed rape – Example Europe. In: Weichmann (1992): World Fertilizer Manual. International Fertilizer Association, 215–219.
 
Orlovius K. (2000): Fertilizing for High Yield and Quality. Oilseed Rape. Basel, International Potash Institute Bulletin No. 16, 125.
 
Peklová L., Balík J., Kozlovský O., Sedlář O., Kubešová K. (2012): Influence of injection nitrogen fertilization on yield and seed composition of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Plant, Soil and Environment, 58: 508–513.
 
Schulte auf‘m Erley Gunda, Behrens Torsten, Ulas Abdullah, Wiesler Franz, Horst Walter J. (2011): Agronomic traits contributing to nitrogen efficiency of winter oilseed rape cultivars. Field Crops Research, 124, 114-123  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.06.009
 
Spychaj-Fabisiak Ewa, Murawska Barbara, Pacholczyk Łukasz (2011): Values of quality traits of oilseed rape seeds depending on the fertilisation and plant density. Journal of Elemntology, , -  https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2011.16.1.115-124
 
Sylvester-Bradley R., Lunn G., Foulkes J., Shearman V., Spink J., Ingram J. (2002): Management strategies for yields of cereals and oilseed rape. HGCA conference: Agronomic intelligence: the basis for profitable production. HGCA, 18. Available at www.hgca.com/publications
 
Weymann Wiebke, Böttcher Ulf, Sieling Klaus, Kage Henning (2015): Effects of weather conditions during different growth phases on yield formation of winter oilseed rape. Field Crops Research, 173, 41-48  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2015.01.002
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences