Pre-anthesis development of winter wheat and barley and relationships with grain yieldć M., Momcilovic V., Maksimović I., Putnik-Delic M., Pržulj N., Hristov N., Mladenov N. (2018): Pre-anthesis development of winter wheat and barley and relationships with grain yield. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 310-316.
download PDF

The aim of this study was to improve understanding of (1) the effect of genotypic and environmental factors on pre-anthesis development and leaf appearance traits of barley and wheat; (2) the relationship of these factors with grain yield, and (3) the differences between these two crops across different environments/sowing dates. Therefore, trials with six two-row winter barley and six winter wheat cultivars were carried out in two successive growing seasons on four sowing dates. Our study showed that the observed traits varied between species, cultivars and sowing dates. In both growing seasons, biomass at anthesis and grain yield declined almost linearly by delaying the sowing date. There was no clear advantage in grain yield of wheat over barley under conditions of later sowing dates. Generally, barley produced more leaf and had shorter phyllochron than wheat. Both wheat and barley showed a similar relationship between grain yield and different pre-anthesis traits.

Ayeneh A, van Ginkel M, Reynolds M.P, Ammar K (2002): Comparison of leaf, spike, peduncle and canopy temperature depression in wheat under heat stress. Field Crops Research, 79, 173-184
Borràs-Gelonch Gisela, Slafer Gustavo A., Casas Ana M., van Eeuwijk Fred, Romagosa Ignacio (2010): Genetic control of pre-heading phases and other traits related to development in a double-haploid barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) population. Field Crops Research, 119, 36-47
Brdar Milka, Kobiljski Borislav, Balalic-Kraljevic Marija (2006): Grain filling parameters and yield components in wheat. Genetika, 38, 175-181
Dordas Christos (2012): Variation in dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and remobilization in barley as affected by fertilization, cultivar, and source–sink relations. European Journal of Agronomy, 37, 31-42
Ehdaie B, Waines J.G (2001): Sowing date and nitrogen rate effects on dry matter and nitrogen partitioning in bread and durum wheat. Field Crops Research, 73, 47-61
FISCHER R. A. (2007): PAPER PRESENTED AT INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON INCREASING WHEAT YIELD POTENTIAL, CIMMYT, OBREGON, MEXICO, 20–24 MARCH 2006 Understanding the physiological basis of yield potential in wheat. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 145, 99-
Fischer R. A. (2011): FARRER REVIEW. Wheat physiology: a review of recent developments. Crop and Pasture Science, 62, 95-
Foulkes M.J., Reynolds M.P., Sylvester-Bradley R. (2009): Genetic improvement of grain crops: Yield potential. In: Sadras V., Calderini D. (eds.): Crop Physiology: Applications for Genetic Improvement and Agronomy. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 285–319.
Giunta F., Motzo R., Fois G., Bacciu P. (2015): Developmental ideotype in the context of the dual-purpose use of triticale, barley and durum wheat. Annals of Applied Biology, 166, 118-128
Haun J. R. (1973): Visual Quantification of Wheat Development1. Agronomy Journal, 65, 116-
He Jianqiang, Le Gouis Jacques, Stratonovitch Pierre, Allard Vincent, Gaju Oorbessy, Heumez Emmanuel, Orford Simon, Griffiths Simon, Snape John W., Foulkes M. John, Semenov Mikhail A., Martre Pierre (2012): Simulation of environmental and genotypic variations of final leaf number and anthesis date for wheat. European Journal of Agronomy, 42, 22-33
Jaćimović G., Aćin V., Hristov N., Latković D., Marinković B., Crnobarac J., Lalić B. (2013): Effect of sowing dates, varieties and sowing densities on the wheat grain yield in 2010/11 year. Letopis Naučnih Radova Poljoprivrednog Fakulteta, 37: 128–137. (In Serbian)
KIRBY E. J. M., APPLEYARD Margaret, FELLOWES Gwynneth (1985): Effect of sowing date and variety on main shoot leaf emergence and number of leaves of barley and wheat. Agronomie, 5, 117-126
Křen J., Klem K., Svobodová I., Míša P., Neudert L. (2014): Yield and grain quality of spring barley as affected by biomass formation at early growth stages. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60, 221-227
Martre Pierre, He Jianqiang, Le Gouis Jacques, Semenov Mikhail A. (2015): In silico system analysis of physiological traits determining grain yield and protein concentration for wheat as influenced by climate and crop management. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66, 3581-3598
Mirosavljevic Milan, Przulj Novo, Momcilovic Vojislava, Hristov Nikola, Maksimovic Ivana (2015): Dry matter accumulation and remobilization in winter barley as affected by genotype and sowing date. , 47, 751-763
Alvarez Prado Santiago, Gallardo José M., Kruk Betina C., Miralles Daniel J. (2017): Strategies for yield determination of bread wheat and two-row barley growing under different environments: A comparative study. Field Crops Research, 203, 94-105
Repková J., Brestič M., Olšovská K. (2009): Leaf growth under temperature and light control. Plant, Soil and Environment, 55, 551-557
Reynolds Matthew, Foulkes M. John, Slafer Gustavo A., Berry Peter, Parry Martin A. J., Snape John W., Angus William J. (2009): Raising yield potential in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 1899-1918
SLAFER G A (2003): Genetic basis of yield as viewed from a crop physiologist's perspective. Annals of Applied Biology, 142, 117-128
Valle Susana R., Calderini Daniel F. (2010): Phyllochron and tillering of wheat in response to soil aluminum toxicity and phosphorus deficiency. Crop and Pasture Science, 61, 863-
Xie Quan, Mayes Sean, Sparkes Debbie L. (2015): Carpel size, grain filling, and morphology determine individual grain weight in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66, 6715-6730
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences