N2O emission and nitrogen and carbon leaching from the soil in relation to long-term and current mineral and organic fertilization – a laboratory study  

https://doi.org/10.17221/205/2016-PSECitation:Sosulski T., Szara E., Szymańska M., Stępień W. (2017): N2O emission and nitrogen and carbon leaching from the soil in relation to long-term and current mineral and organic fertilization – a laboratory study  . Plant Soil Environ., 63: 97-104.
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The paper presents the results of a laboratory experiment aimed at the assessment of N2O emissions, NO3, NH4+ and carbon (C) leaching from agricultural soils subjected to long-term mineral and organic fertilization. Our results show that long-term treatment impacts the N2O emissions from loamy-sand Luvisols to a greater extent than the recent single application of mineral or organic fertilizers. The N2O fluxes from soils with higher Corg content that results from long-term organic fertilization exceed those from soils with lower Corg content subsequent to long-term mineral fertilization. Our research confirms previous reports that the intensity of N2O emission is related to soil moisture. The NO3 leaching depended on the recent application of fertilizers with a stronger influence of single application of NH4NO3 than farmyard manure. Long-term fertilization did not impact the NO3 leaching.  
References:
Amha Yosef, Bohne Heike (2011): Denitrification from the horticultural peats: effects of pH, nitrogen, carbon, and moisture contents. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 47, 293-302  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-010-0536-y
 
Andersen Hans Estrup, Blicher-Mathiesen Gitte, Thodsen Hans, Andersen Peter Mejlhede, Larsen Søren E., Stålnacke Per, Humborg Christoph, Mörth Carl-Magnus, Smedberg Erik (2016): Identifying Hot Spots of Agricultural Nitrogen Loss Within the Baltic Sea Drainage Basin. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227, -  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-015-2733-7
 
Ball B.C., Ball B.C., McTaggart I.P., Scott A. (2004): Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from soil under silage production by use of organic manures or slow-release fertilizer. Soil Use and Management, 20, 287-295  https://doi.org/10.1079/SUM2004257
 
Brye K.R., Norman J.M., Bundy L.G., Gower S.T. (2001): Nitrogen and Carbon Leaching in Agroecosystems and Their Role in Denitrification Potential. Journal of Environment Quality, 30, 58-  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2001.30158x
 
de Klein Cecile A. M., Sherlock Robert R., Cameron Keith C., van der Weerden Tony J. (2001): Nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils in New Zealand—A review of current knowledge and directions for future research. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 31, 543-574  https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2001.9517667
 
Elmi A., Madani A., Gordon R., MacDonald P., Stratton G. W. (2005): Nitrate nitrogen in the soil profile and drainage water as influenced by manure and mineral fertilizer application in a Barley–Carrot production system. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 160, 119-132  https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00022205
 
Flessa H., Dörsch P., Beese F. (1995): Seasonal variation of N 2 O and CH 4 fluxes in differently managed arable soils in southern Germany. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 23115-  https://doi.org/10.1029/95JD02270
 
Greenan Colin M., Moorman Thomas B., Kaspar Thomas C., Parkin Timothy B., Jaynes Dan B. (2006): Comparing Carbon Substrates for Denitrification of Subsurface Drainage Water. Journal of Environment Quality, 35, 824-  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2005.0247
 
Her Jiunn-Jye, Huang Ju-Sheng (1995): Influences of carbon source and C/N ratio on nitrate/nitrite denitrification and carbon breakthrough. Bioresource Technology, 54, 45-51  https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-8524(95)00113-1
 
Igras J. (2004): Mineral element concentrations in drainage water from agricultural area in Poland. Pulawy, Instytut Uprawy Nawozenia i Gleboznawstwa, 123. (In Polish)
 
Jäger Nadine, Stange Claus Florian, Ludwig Bernard, Flessa Heiner (2011): Emission rates of N2O and CO2 from soils with different organic matter content from three long-term fertilization experiments—a laboratory study. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 47, 483-494  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-011-0553-5
 
Kucke M., Kleeberg P. (1997): Nitrogen balance and soil nitrogen dynamics in two areas with different soil, climatic and cropping conditions. European Journal of Agronomy, 6, 89-100  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(96)02027-8
 
Rivett M.O., Smith J.W.N., Buss S.R., Morgan P. (2007): Nitrate occurrence and attenuation in the major aquifers of England and Wales. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 40, 335-352  https://doi.org/10.1144/1470-9236/07-032
 
Ruser R., Flessa H., Russow R., Schmidt G., Buegger F., Munch J.C. (2006): Emission of N2O, N2 and CO2 from soil fertilized with nitrate: effect of compaction, soil moisture and rewetting. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 263-274  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.05.005
 
Sosulski Tomasz, Szara Ewa, Stępień Wojciech (2013): Dissolved organic carbon in Luvisol under different fertilization and crop rotation. Soil Science Annual, 64, -  https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2013-0015
 
Sosulski T., Szara E., Stępień W., Szymańska M. (2014): Nitrous oxide emissions from the soil under different fertilization systems on a long-term experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 481–488.
 
Sosulski Tomasz, Szara E., Stępień W., Rutkowska B. (): The influence of mineral fertilization and legumes cultivation on the N2O soil emissions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 529-536  https://doi.org/10.17221/229/2015-PSE
 
Stehlíková I., Madaras M., Lipavský J., Šimon T. (2016): Study on some soil quality changes obtained<br /> from long-term experiments. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 74-79  https://doi.org/10.17221/633/2015-PSE
 
Velthof G.L., Kuikman P.J., Oenema O. (2003): Nitrous oxide emission from animal manures applied to soil under controlled conditions. Biology and Fertility Soils, 37: 221–230.
 
Wang Lianfeng, Cai Zucong, Yang Lanfang, Meng Lei (2005): Effects of disturbance and glucose addition on nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions from a paddy soil. Soil and Tillage Research, 82, 185-194  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2004.06.001
 
Yanai Yosuke, Toyota Koki, Okazaki Masanori (2007): Effects of charcoal addition on N 2 O emissions from soil resulting from rewetting air-dried soil in short-term laboratory experiments. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 53, 181-188  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00123.x
 
Amha Yosef, Bohne Heike (2011): Denitrification from the horticultural peats: effects of pH, nitrogen, carbon, and moisture contents. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 47, 293-302  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-010-0536-y
 
Andersen Hans Estrup, Blicher-Mathiesen Gitte, Thodsen Hans, Andersen Peter Mejlhede, Larsen Søren E., Stålnacke Per, Humborg Christoph, Mörth Carl-Magnus, Smedberg Erik (2016): Identifying Hot Spots of Agricultural Nitrogen Loss Within the Baltic Sea Drainage Basin. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227, -  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-015-2733-7
 
Ball B.C., Ball B.C., McTaggart I.P., Scott A. (2004): Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from soil under silage production by use of organic manures or slow-release fertilizer. Soil Use and Management, 20, 287-295  https://doi.org/10.1079/SUM2004257
 
Brye K.R., Norman J.M., Bundy L.G., Gower S.T. (2001): Nitrogen and Carbon Leaching in Agroecosystems and Their Role in Denitrification Potential. Journal of Environment Quality, 30, 58-  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2001.30158x
 
de Klein Cecile A. M., Sherlock Robert R., Cameron Keith C., van der Weerden Tony J. (2001): Nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils in New Zealand—A review of current knowledge and directions for future research. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 31, 543-574  https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2001.9517667
 
Elmi A., Madani A., Gordon R., MacDonald P., Stratton G. W. (2005): Nitrate nitrogen in the soil profile and drainage water as influenced by manure and mineral fertilizer application in a Barley–Carrot production system. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 160, 119-132  https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00022205
 
Flessa H., Dörsch P., Beese F. (1995): Seasonal variation of N 2 O and CH 4 fluxes in differently managed arable soils in southern Germany. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 23115-  https://doi.org/10.1029/95JD02270
 
Greenan Colin M., Moorman Thomas B., Kaspar Thomas C., Parkin Timothy B., Jaynes Dan B. (2006): Comparing Carbon Substrates for Denitrification of Subsurface Drainage Water. Journal of Environment Quality, 35, 824-  https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2005.0247
 
Her Jiunn-Jye, Huang Ju-Sheng (1995): Influences of carbon source and C/N ratio on nitrate/nitrite denitrification and carbon breakthrough. Bioresource Technology, 54, 45-51  https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-8524(95)00113-1
 
Igras J. (2004): Mineral element concentrations in drainage water from agricultural area in Poland. Pulawy, Instytut Uprawy Nawozenia i Gleboznawstwa, 123. (In Polish)
 
Jäger Nadine, Stange Claus Florian, Ludwig Bernard, Flessa Heiner (2011): Emission rates of N2O and CO2 from soils with different organic matter content from three long-term fertilization experiments—a laboratory study. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 47, 483-494  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-011-0553-5
 
Kucke M., Kleeberg P. (1997): Nitrogen balance and soil nitrogen dynamics in two areas with different soil, climatic and cropping conditions. European Journal of Agronomy, 6, 89-100  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(96)02027-8
 
Rivett M.O., Smith J.W.N., Buss S.R., Morgan P. (2007): Nitrate occurrence and attenuation in the major aquifers of England and Wales. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 40, 335-352  https://doi.org/10.1144/1470-9236/07-032
 
Ruser R., Flessa H., Russow R., Schmidt G., Buegger F., Munch J.C. (2006): Emission of N2O, N2 and CO2 from soil fertilized with nitrate: effect of compaction, soil moisture and rewetting. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 263-274  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.05.005
 
Sosulski Tomasz, Szara Ewa, Stępień Wojciech (2013): Dissolved organic carbon in Luvisol under different fertilization and crop rotation. Soil Science Annual, 64, -  https://doi.org/10.2478/ssa-2013-0015
 
Sosulski T., Szara E., Stępień W., Szymańska M. (2014): Nitrous oxide emissions from the soil under different fertilization systems on a long-term experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 481–488.
 
Sosulski Tomasz, Szara E., Stępień W., Rutkowska B. (): The influence of mineral fertilization and legumes cultivation on the N2O soil emissions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 529-536  https://doi.org/10.17221/229/2015-PSE
 
Stehlíková I., Madaras M., Lipavský J., Šimon T. (2016): Study on some soil quality changes obtained<br /> from long-term experiments. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 74-79  https://doi.org/10.17221/633/2015-PSE
 
Velthof G.L., Kuikman P.J., Oenema O. (2003): Nitrous oxide emission from animal manures applied to soil under controlled conditions. Biology and Fertility Soils, 37: 221–230.
 
Wang Lianfeng, Cai Zucong, Yang Lanfang, Meng Lei (2005): Effects of disturbance and glucose addition on nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide emissions from a paddy soil. Soil and Tillage Research, 82, 185-194  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2004.06.001
 
Yanai Yosuke, Toyota Koki, Okazaki Masanori (2007): Effects of charcoal addition on N 2 O emissions from soil resulting from rewetting air-dried soil in short-term laboratory experiments. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 53, 181-188  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00123.x
 
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