CO2 efflux and microbial activities in undisturbed soil columns in different nitrogen management
E. Molnár, T. Szili-Kovács, I. Villányi, M. Knáb, Á. Bálint, K. Kristóf, G. Heltaihttps://doi.org/10.17221/216/2016-PSECitation:Molnár E., Szili-Kovács T., Villányi I., Knáb M., Bálint Á., Kristóf K., Heltai G. (2016): CO2 efflux and microbial activities in undisturbed soil columns in different nitrogen management . Plant Soil Environ., 62: 402-407.
The surface carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes together with the soil microbial biomass and activity in undisturbed soil columns were studied in three growing seasons. Soil columns had six treatments: (1) control without plants; (2) mineral fertilized without plants; (3) no fertilizer and maize plants; (4) mineral fertilized and maize plants; (5) manure and maize plants; (6) mineral fertilized plus manure and maize plants. Soil microbial biomass was measured by substrate-induced respiration (SIR) and microbial activity as fluorescein-diacetate hydrolysing activity (FDA). Treatments had a significant effect (P < 0.001) on CO2 fluxes, SIR and FDA. The presence of maize increased CO2 efflux, SIR and FDA compared to unplanted column. Fertilizer + manure treatment resulted in the greatest plant biomass and the greatest CO2 efflux. Significant correlation (r = 0.680; r = 0.586 in two consecutive years) between SIR and FDA was found.Keywords:
farmyard manure; root respiration; soil carbon budget; soil respiration; soil temperature
Adam Gillian, Duncan Harry (2001): Development of a sensitive and rapid method for the measurement of total microbial activity using fluorescein diacetate (FDA) in a range of soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33, 943-951 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(00)00244-3Amos B., Walters D. T. (2006): Maize Root Biomass and Net Rhizodeposited Carbon. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70, 1489- https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2005.0216Anderson J.P.E., Domsch K.H. (1978): A physiological method for the quantitative measurement of microbial biomass in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 10, 215-221 https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(78)90099-8Ding Weixin, Cai Yan, Cai Zucong, Zheng Xunhua (2006): Diel pattern of soil respiration in N-amended soil under maize cultivation. Atmospheric Environment, 40, 3294-3305 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.01.045Ding Weixin, Meng Lei, Yin Yunfeng, Cai Zucong, Zheng Xunhua (2007): CO2 emission in an intensively cultivated loam as affected by long-term application of organic manure and nitrogen fertilizer. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39, 669-679 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.09.024Ding Weixin, Yu Hongyan, Cai Zucong, Han Fengxiang, Xu Zhihong (2010): Responses of soil respiration to N fertilization in a loamy soil under maize cultivation. Geoderma, 155, 381-389 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.12.023Gong Wei, Yan Xiaoyuan, Wang Jingyan (2012): The effect of chemical fertilizer on soil organic carbon renewal and CO2 emission—a pot experiment with maize. Plant and Soil, 353, 85-94 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-1011-8Hoffmann S., Berecz K., Hoffmann B., Bankó L. (2008): Yield response and N-utilization depending on crop sequence and organic or mineral fertilization. Cereal Research Communications, S36: 1631–1634.Lellei-Kovács Eszter, Kovács-Láng Edit, Botta-Dukát Zoltán, Kalapos Tibor, Emmett Bridget, Beier Claus (2011): Thresholds and interactive effects of soil moisture on the temperature response of soil respiration. European Journal of Soil Biology, 47, 247-255 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2011.05.004Liljeroth E., Van Veen J.A., Miller H.J. (1990): Assimilate translocation to the rhizosphere of two wheat lines and subsequent utilization by rhizosphere microorganisms at two soil nitrogen concentrations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 22, 1015-1021 https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(90)90026-VNémeth T., Pártay G., Buzás I., Mihályné H.G. (1991): Preparation of undisturbed soil columns. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 40: 236–242. (In Hungarian)Ni Kang, Ding Weixin, Cai Zucong, Wang Yufeng, Zhang Xilin, Zhou Baoku (2012): Soil carbon dioxide emission from intensively cultivated black soil in Northeast China: nitrogen fertilization effect. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 12, 1007-1018 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-012-0529-6Perucci P. (1992): Enzyme activity and microbial biomass in a field soil amended with municipal refuse. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 14, 54-60 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00336303Piotrowska Anna, Długosz Jacek (2012): Spatio–temporal variability of microbial biomass content and activities related to some physicochemical properties of Luvisols. Geoderma, 173-174, 199-208 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.12.014Sánchez-Monedero M. A., Mondini C., Cayuela M. L., Roig A., Contin M., De Nobili M. (2008): Fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis, respiration and microbial biomass in freshly amended soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 44, 885-890 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-007-0263-1Schlesinger W.H., Andrews J.A. (2000): Soil respiration and the global carbon cycle. Biogeochemistry, 48: 7–20. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006247623877Schnürer J., Rosswall T. (1982): Fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis as a measure of total microbial activity in the soil and litter. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 43: 1256–1261.Šimon T., Czakó A. (2014): Influence of long-term application of organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil properties. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 314–319.Son Yowhan, Seo Keum Young, Kim Rae Hyun, Kim Joon (2006): Soil respiration and FDA hydrolysis following conversion of abandoned agricultural lands to natural vegetation in Central Korea. Journal of Plant Biology, 49, 231-236 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03030538Song Changchun, Zhang Jinbo (2009): Effects of soil moisture, temperature, and nitrogen fertilization on soil respiration and nitrous oxide emission during maize growth period in northeast China. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Plant Soil Science, 59, 97-106 https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710802022945Szili-Kovács T., Zsuposné Oláh Á., Kátai J., Villányi I., Takács T. (2011): Correlations between biological and chemical soil properties in soils from long-term experiments. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 60: 241–254.Tortorella D., Gelsomino A. (2011): Influence of compost amendment and maize root system on soil CO2 efflux: A mesocosm approach. Agrochimica, 55: 161–177.Tóth Eszter, Koós Sándor, Farkas Csilla (2009): Soil carbon dioxide efflux determined from large undisturbed soil cores collected in different soil management systems. Biologia, 64, 643-647 https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-009-0111-xVleeshouwers L. M., Verhagen A. (2002): Carbon emission and sequestration by agricultural land use: a model study for Europe. Global Change Biology, 8, 519-530 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00485.xZhang X.B., Xu M.G., Sun N., Wang X.J., Wu L., Wang B.R., Li D.C. (2013): How do environmental factors and different fertilizer strategies affect soil CO2 emission and carbon sequestration in the upland soils of southern China? Applied Soil Ecology, 72: 109–118.