Content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils polluted with petrol and diesel oil after emediation with plants and various substances
M. Wyszkowski, A. Ziółkowskahttps://doi.org/10.17221/21/2013-PSECitation:Wyszkowski M., Ziółkowska A. (2013): Content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils polluted with petrol and diesel oil after emediation with plants and various substances . Plant Soil Environ., 59: 287-294.
The study was undertaken to determine the influence of compost, bentonite and calcium oxide on the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils polluted with petrol and diesel oil, using plants as phytoremediators. Contamination of soil with petrol and diesel oil caused an increase in the total PAHs in soil. The effect of diesel oil on the content of PAHs in soil was stronger than that of petrol in the treatments with spring barley and yellow lupine – maize, in reverse to spring rape – oat. Pollution of soil with petroleum substances led to the increased contribution of naphthalene to the total PAHs at the expense of other hydrocarbons. Bentonite and CaO produced an evidently stronger effect on soil properties than compost, in general causing a decline in the content of PAHs in soil. The phytoremediatory effect of plants was the most beneficial in the treatment with spring rape and oat, but the weakest in trials with yellow lupine and maize. Plants were particularly effective in soil polluted with petrol.