Boron content in soils under increasing magnesium and sulphur doses in a field experimentühlbachová G., Čermák P., Káš M., Vavera R., Pechová M., Marková K. (2020): Boron content in soils under increasing magnesium and sulphur doses in a field experiment. Plant Soil Environ., 66: 366-373.
download PDF

The three-year field experiment (2015–2017) with graded doses of magnesium (Mg) and sulphur (S) was carried out at the Humpolec experimental station (49.5546239N, 15.3485489E; Czech Republic). The interactions between boron (B), Mg and S in the soil were studied. No boron was applied into soils. Contents of B, S and Mg in the soil were determined by the Mehlich 3 and NH4 acetate methods. The crop rotation was: spring barley-oilseed rape-winter wheat. Three Kieserite doses (S and Mg fertiliser) were applied. Sulphur treatments were 10-20-40 kg S/ha to cereals and 20-40-80 kg S/ha to oilseed rape. The doses of Mg were: 13-26-52 kg Mg/ha to cereals and 26-52-104 kg Mg/ha to oilseed rape. A significant gradual decrease of B-Mehlich 3 was observed under Kieserite treatments during the experiment (from 1.24 mg B/kg in control in the 1st year to 0.92 mg B/kg in the 3rd year). On the contrary, B-NH4 acetate contents in soils remained similar during 2015–2017 in control soils (0.33–0.39 mg B/kg) and significantly decreased under Kieserite treatments, namely by 55–57% in 2016 and by 43–48% in 2017. A significant decrease of B content in soils was noted since the second year of experiment after oilseed rape. The boron contents in soils were affected in several ways – by adsorption of B on magnesium oxides and other substances, exchange with SO42– anions and possible leaching, and also by the uptake by grown crops, mainly oilseed rape.


Černý J., Balík J., Kulhánek M., Sedlář O., Vašák F. (2016): The importance of boron in plant nutrition. Agromanuál, 10. Available at: (In Czech)
De la Fuente García-Soto M.M., Camacho E.M. (2006): Boron removal by means of adsorption with magnesium oxide. Separation and Purification Technology, 48: 36–44.
De Oliveira Costa C.D., da Silva Lopes A., Kraeski M.J., de França A., Almeida Margatto A.R., Duarte Fanaya Jr.E. (2019): Correlation between nutrient content and productivity in irrigated forages. Bioscience Journal, 35: 679–690.
Dionisiou N.S., Matsi T., Misopolinos N.D. (2006): Use of magnesia for boron removal from irrigation water. Journal of Environmental Quality, 35: 2222–2228.
Eriksen J., Murphy M.D., Schnug E. (1998): The soil sulphur cycle. In: Schnug E. (ed.): Sulphur in Agroecosystems. Dordrecht, Springer, 39–73. ISBN 978-94-011-5100-9
Gransee A., Führs H. (2013): Magnesium mobility in soils as a challenge for soil and plant analysis, magnesium fertilization and root uptake under adverse growth conditions. Plant and Soil, 368: 5–21.
Hu H.N., Brown P.H. (1997): Absorption of boron by plant roots. Plant and Soil, 193: 49–58.
Kaya C., Tuna A.L., Dikilitas M., Ashraf M., Koskeroglu S., Guneri M. (2009): Supplementary phosphorus can alleviate boron toxicity in tomato. Scientia Horticulturae, 121: 284–288.
Kentjono L., Liu J.C., Chang W.C., Irawan C. (2010): Removal of boron and iodine from optoelectronic wastewater using Mg-Al (NO3) layered double hydroxide. Desalination, 262: 280–283.
Kot F.S. (2015): Chapter 1: Boron in the environment. In: Kabay N., Bryjak M., Hilal N. (eds.): Boron Separation Processes. Dordrecht, Elsevier, 1–33. ISBN 978-0-444-63454-2
Ma B.L., Biswas D.K., Herath A.W., Whalen J.K., Ruan S.Q., Caldwell C., Earl H., Vanasse A., Scott P., Smith D.L. (2015): Growth, yield, and yield components of canola as affected by nitrogen, sulfur, and boron application. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 178: 658–670.
Majidi A., Rahnemaie R., Hassani A., Malakouti M.J. (2010): Adsorption and desorption processes of boron in calcareous soils. Chemosphere, 80: 733–739.
Mandal M., Naik S.K., Das D.K. (2018): Effect of boron and sulfur interaction on some important biological indices in an inceptisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 41: 197–209.
Matraszek-Gawron R., Hawrylak-Nowak B. (2019): Sulfur nutrition level modifies the growth, micronutrient status, and cadmium distribution in cadmium-exposed spring wheat. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 25: 421–432.
Matula J. (2007a): Optimization of Nutrient Status of Soils by KVK-UF Soil Test. Methodology for Praxis. Prague, Crop Research Institute, 48. ISBN 978-80-87011-16-4 (In Czech)
Matula J. (2007b): Sulphur Nutrition and Fertilization. Methodology for Praxis. Prague, Crop Research Institute, 39. ISBN 978-80-87011-15-7 (In Czech)
Matula J. (2009): A relationship between multi-nutrient soil tests (Mehlich 3, ammonium acetate, and water extraction) and bioavailability of nutrients from soils for barley. Plant, Soil and Environment, 55: 173–180.
Mehlich A. (1984): Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: a modification of Mehlich 2 extractant. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 15: 1409–1416.
Mengel K., Kirkby E.A. (eds.) (2001): Principles of Plant Nutrition. 5th Edition. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 849. ISBN 978-94-010-1009-2
Mühlbachová G., Čermák P., Káš M., Marková K., Vavera R., Pechová M., Lošák T. (2018): Crop yields, boron availability and uptake in relation to phosphorus supply in a field experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 64: 619–625.
Pécharman A.-F., Hill M.S., Mahon M.F. (2018): Diborane heterolysis: breaking and making B-B bonds at magnesium. Dalton Transactions, 47: 7300–7305.
Seth A., Sarkar D., Masto R.E., Batabyal K., Saha S., Murmu S., Das R., Padhan D., Mandal B. (2018): Critical limits of Mehlich 3 extractable phosphorous, potassium, sulfur, boron and zinc in soils for nutrition of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 18: 512–523.
Sienkiewicz-Choleva U., Kieloch R. (2015): Effect of sulphur and micronutrients fertilization on yield and fat content in winter rape seeds (Brassica napus L.). Plant, Soil and Environment, 61: 164–170.
Shankar M.A., Sankar G.R.M., Sharma K.L., Muniswamappa M.V., Rao Ch.S., Chandrika D.S. (2013): Effect of micronutrient-based integrated use of nutrients on crop productivity, nutrient uptake, and soil fertility in greengram and fingermillet sequence under semi-arid tropical conditions. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44: 2771–2787.
Subedi K.D., Ma B.L. (2009): Corn crop production: growth, fertilization and yield. In: Danforth A.T. (ed.): Corn Crop Production: Growth, Fertilization and Yield. Series: Agriculture Issues and Policies. New York, Nova Publisher, Inc., 1–84. ISBN 1607419556
Trávník K., Zbíral J., Němec P. (1999): Agrochemical Testing of Agricultural Soils – Mehlich III. Brno, Central Institute for Supervision and Testing in Agriculture, 100. ISBN 80-86051-36-6
Uppal R.K., Wani S.P., Garg K.K., Alagarswamy G. (2015): Balanced nutrition increases yield of pearl millet under drought. Field Crops Research, 177: 86–97.
Zbíral J. (2016): Determination of plant-available micronutrients by the Mehlich 3 soil extractant – a proposal of critical values. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62: 527–531.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences