Pollinators communities differ across years and crops

https://doi.org/10.17221/225/2021-PSECitation:

Bevk D., Prešern J. (2021): Pollinators communities differ across years and crops. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 600–607.

 

download PDF

Insect pollination is one of the most important ecosystem services. Pollinator communities are rarely studied across years and crops in the same location. The aim of this study was to investigate the pollinator community structure on five different fruit crops, as well as the activity of different pollinator groups during the day and their temperature preferences. Pollinator activity was observed across two years on apple trees and blueberry, strawberry, blackcurrant and raspberry bushes. Pollinator community structure varied by plant and year. Honeybees were the most numerous pollinators on all plants except blueberry bushes (39–95% of visits). Bumblebee numbers were high on blackcurrant (up to 28%) and blueberry bushes (up to 61%). Solitary bees visited all plants except blueberries. Honeybees, solitary bees, and hoverflies were most active in the middle of the day, while bumblebees became active earlier in the morning and remained active later in the evening. Pollinators also differed greatly in their temperature preferences. This knowledge gained is necessary for less harmful pesticide application management and the development of more sustainable agriculture to maintain pollinator diversity and thus reliable pollination in extreme weather conditions.

 

References:
Bänsch S., Tscharntke T., Gabriel D., Westphal C. (2020): Crop pollination services: complementary resource use by social vs solitary bees facing crops with contrasting flower supply. Journal of Applied Ecology, 58: 476–485. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13777
 
Biesmeijer J.C., Roberts S.P.M., Reemer M., Ohlemüller R., Edwards M., Peeters T., Schaffers A.P., Potts S.G., Kleukers R., Thomas C.D., Settele J., Kunin W.E. (2006): Parallel declines in pollinators and insect-pollinated plants in Britain and the Netherlands. Science, 313: 351–354. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1127863
 
Corbet S.A., Fussell M., Ake R., Fraser A., Gunson C., Savage A., Smith K. (1993): Temperature and the pollinating activity of social bees. Ecological Entomology, 18: 17–30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1993.tb01075.x
 
Fründ J., Dormann C.F., Holzschuh A., Tscharntke T. (2013): Bee diversity effects on pollination depend on functional complementarity and niche shifts. Ecology, 94: 2042–2054. https://doi.org/10.1890/12-1620.1
 
Gallai N., Salles J.-M., Settele J., Vaissiere B.E. (2009): Economic valuation of the vulnerability of world agriculture confronted with pollinator decline. Ecological Economics, 68: 810–821. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.06.014
 
Garibaldi L.A., Steffan-Dewenter I., Kremen C., Morales J.M., Bommarco R., Cunningham S.A., Carvalheiro L.G., Chacoff N.P., Dudenhöffer J.H., Greenleaf S.S., Holzschuh A., Isaacs R., Krewenka K., Mandelik Y., Mayfield M.M., Morandin L.A., Potts S.G., Ricketts T.H., Szentgyörgyi H., Viana B.F., Westphal C., Winfree R., Klein A.M. (2011): Stability of pollination services decreases with isolation from natural areas despite honey bee visits. Ecology Letters, 14: 1062–1072. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01669.x
 
Garibaldi L.A., Steffan-Dewenter I., Winfree R., Aizen M.A., Bommarco R., Cunningham S.A., Kremen C., Carvalheiro L.G., Harder L.D., Afik O., Bartomeus I., Benjamin F., Boreux V., Cariveau D., Chacoff N.P., Dudenhöffer J.H., Freitas B.M., Ghazoul J., Greenleaf S., Hipólito J., Holzschuh A., Howlett B., Isaacs R., Javorek S.K., Kennedy C.M., Krewenka K.M., Krishnan S., Mandelik Y., Mayfield M.M., Motzke I., Munyuli M., Nault B.A., Otieno M., Petersen J., Pisanty G., Potts S.G., Rader R., Ricketts T.H., Rundlöf M., Seymour C.L., Schüepp C., Szentgyörgyi H., Taki H., Tscharntke T., Vergara C.H., Viana B.F., Wanger T.C, Westphal C., Williams N., Klein A.M. (2013): Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey bee abundance. Science, 339: 1608–1611. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1230200
 
Goulson D. (2010): Bumblebees. Behaviour, Ecology, and Conservation. 2nd Edition. New York, Oxford University Press Inc. ISBN: 9780199553068
 
Hoehn P., Tscharntke T., Tylianakis J.M., Steffan-Dewenter I. (2008): Functional group diversity of bee pollinatiors increases crop yield. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 275: 2283–2291. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.0405
 
Klein A.-M., Vaissière B.E., Cane J.H., Steffan-Dewenter I., Cunningham S.A., Kremen C., Tscharntke T. (2007): Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 274: 303–313. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.3721
 
Martins K.T., Gonzalez A., Lechowitz M.J. (2015): Pollination services are mediated by bee functional diversity and landscape context. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 200: 12–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.10.018
 
Mallinger R.E., Gratton C. (2015): Species richness of wild bees, but not the use of managed honeybees, increases fruit set of a pollinator-dependent crop. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52: 323–330. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12377
 
Nieto A., Roberts S.P.M., Kemp J., Rasmont P., Kuhlmann M., Criado M.G., Biesmeijer J.C., Bogusch P., Dathe H.H., De la Rúa P., De Meulemeester T., Dehon M., Dewulf A., Ortiz-Sánchez F.J., Lhomme P., Pauly A., Potts S.G., Praz C., Quaranta M., Radchenko V.G., Scheuchl E., Smit J., Straka J., Terzo T., Tomozii B., Window J., Michez D. (2014): European Red List of Bees. Luxembourg, Publication Office of the European Union. ISBN: 978-92-79-44512-5
 
Ollerton J., Winfree R., Tarrant S. (2011): How many flowering plants are pollinated by animals? Oikos, 120: 321–326. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18644.x
 
Osterman J., Theodorou P., Radzevičiūtė R., Schnitker P., Paxton R.J. (2021): Apple pollination is ensured by wild bees when honey bees are drawn away from orchards by a mass co-flowering crop, oilseed rape. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 315: 107383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2021.107383
 
Park M.G., Rauguso R.A., Losey J.E., Danforth B.N. (2016): Per-visit pollinator performance and regional importance of wild Bombus and Andrena (Melandrena) compared to the managed honey bee in New York apple orchards. Apidologie, 47: 145–160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13592-015-0383-9
 
Potts S., Biesmeijer K., Bommarco R., Breeze T., Carvalheiro L., Franzen M., Gonzalez-Varo J.P., Holzschuh A., Kleijn D., Klein A.-M., Kunin B., Lecocq T., Lundin O., Michez D., Neumann P., Nieto A., Penev L., Rasmont P., Ratamaki O., Riedinger V., Roberts S.P.M., Rundlof M., Scheper J., Sorensen P., Steffan-Dewenter I., Stoev P., Vila M., Schweiger O. (2015): Status and Trends of European Pollinators. Sofia, Pensoft Publishers.
 
Potts S.G., Imperatriz-Fonseca V.L., Ngo H.T., Biesmeijer J.C., Breeze T.D., Dicks L.V., Garibaldi L.A., Hill R., Settele J., Vanbergen A.J., Aizen M.A., Cunningham S.A., Eardley C., Freitas M., Gallai N., Kevan P.G., Kovács-Hostyánszki A., Kwapong P.K., Li J., Li X., Martins D.J., Nates-Parra G., Pettis J.S., Rader R., Viana B.F. (2016): The Assessment Report on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production. Bonn, Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
 
Rader R., Bartomeus I., Garibaldi L.-G., Garratte M.P.D., Howlett B.G., Winfree R., Cunningham S.A., Mayfield M.M., Arthur A.D., Andersson G.K.S., Bommarco R., Brittain C., Carvalheiro L.G., Chacoff N.P., Entling M.H., Foully B., Freitas B.M., Gemmill-Herren B., Ghazoul J., Griffin S.R., Gross C.L., Herbertsson L., Herzog F., Hipólito J., Jaggara S., Jaukery F., Klein A.M., Kleijn D., Krishnan S., Lemos C.Q., Lindström S.A.M., Mandelik Y., Monteiro V.M., Nelson W., Nilsson L., Pattemore D.E., Pereira N.O., Pisanty G., Potts S.G., Reemer M., Rundlöf M., Sheffield C.S., Scheper J., Schüepp C., Smith H.G., Stanley D.A., Stout J.C., Szentgyörgyi H., Taki H., Vergara C.H., Viana B.F., Woyciechowski M. (2016): Non-bee insects are important contributors to global crop pollination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113: 146–151. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1517092112
 
Rasmont P., Franzén M., Lecocq T., Harpke A., Roberts S.P.M., Biesmeijer J.C., Castro L., Cederberg B., Dvorák L., Fitzpatrick Ú., Gonseth Y., Haubruge E., Mahé G., Manino A., Michez D., Neumayer J., Řdegaard F., Paukkunen J., Pawlikowski T., Potts S.G., Reemer M., Settele J., Straka Schweiger O. (2015): Climatic Risk and Distribution Atlas of European Bumblebees. Bulgaria, Pensoft Publishers. ISSN: 1313-2652 https://doi.org/10.3897/biorisk.10.4749
 
Senapathi D., Fründ J., Albrecht M., Garratt M.P.D., Kleijn D., Pickles B.J., Potts S.G., An J., Andersson G.K.S., Bänsch S., Basu P., Benjamin F., Bezerra A.D.M., Bhattacharya R., Biesmeijer J.C., Blaauw B., Blitzer E.J., Brittain C.A., Carvalheiro L.G., Cariveau D.P., Chakraborty P., Chatterjee A., Chatterjee S., Cusser S., Danforth B.N., Degani E., Freitas B.M., Garibaldi L.A., Geslin B., de Groot G.A., Harrison T., Howlett B., Isaacs R., Jha S., Klatt B.K., Krewenka K., Leigh S., Lindström S.A.M, Mandelik Y., McKerchar M., Park M., Pisanty G., Rader R., Reemer M., Rundlöf M., Smith B., Smith H.G., Silva P.S., Steffan-Dewenter I., Tscharntke T., Webber S., Westbury D.B., Westphal C., Wickens J.B., Wickens V.J., Winfree R., Zhang H., Klein A.-M. (2021): Wild insect diversity increases inter-annual stability in global crop pollinator communities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 288: 20210212.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.0212
 
Thompson H.M. (2021): Assessing the exposure and toxicity of pesticides to bumblebees (Bombus sp.). Apidologie, 32: 305–321. https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:2001131
 
Thomson J.D., Goodell K. (2001): Pollen removal and deposition by honeybee and bumblebee visitors to apple and almond flowers. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38: 1032–1044. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2664.2001.00657.x
 
Thorp R.W. (2000): The collection of pollen by bees. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 222: 211–223. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00984103
 
Vincens N., Bosch J. (2000): Weather-dependent pollinator activity in an apple orchard, with special reference to Osmia cornuta and Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae and Apidae). Environmental Entomology, 29: 413–420. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-29.3.413
 
Willmer P.G., Bataw A.A.M., Hughes J.P. (1994): The superiority of bumblebees to honeybees as pollinators: insect visits to raspberry flowers. Ecological Entomology, 19: 271–284. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1994.tb00419.x
 
Winfree R., Williams N.M., Gaines H., Ascher J.S., Kremen C. (2008): Wild bee pollinators provide the majority of crop visitation land-use gradients in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45: 793–802. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01418.x
 
Zattara E.E., Aizen M.A. (2021): Worldwide occurrence records suggest a global decline in bee species richness. One Earth, 4: 114–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.12.005
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti