Effect of poultry litter and livestock manure on soil physical and biological indicators in a rice-wheat rotation system
J.T. Li, X.L. Zhong, F. Wang, Q.G. Zhaohttps://doi.org/10.17221/233/2010-PSECitation:Li J.T., Zhong X.L., Wang F., Zhao Q.G. (2011): Effect of poultry litter and livestock manure on soil physical and biological indicators in a rice-wheat rotation system. Plant Soil Environ., 57: 351-356.
Organic manure is considered as a beneficial fertilizer on soil quality and an excellent alternative resource of chemical fertilizer (CF). However, organic manure from intensive farms may have a negative impact on soil quality because of containing some harmful components, such as heavy metal and antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of poultry litter (PL) and livestock manure (LM) from intensive farming on soil physical and biological indicators of soil quality. Results showed that PL and LM amendment increased soil macropore and mesopore volumes and decreased soil micropore volumes. Tensile strength in PL and LM treatment were lower than those in CF, while soil aggregate wet stability index were greater than those in CF. Compared with CF treatment, the microbial biomass C and N contents (+89%, +74%), soil basal respiration rate (+49%) and soil microbial quotient (+45%) in PL and LM treatment were significantly greater. Significant linear correlations were found between soil organic carbon and most soil physical and biological properties (P < 0.01). The results suggested that modern intensive farm manures can be alternate chemical fertilizers as a main fertilizer to improve soil physical and biological indicators in a rice-wheat system.Keywords:
intensive farm manures; chemical fertilizer; soil pore structure; soil aggregate stability; soil quality