Optimisation of irrigation strategy in sugar beet farming based on yield, quality and water productivity

https://doi.org/10.17221/234/2022-PSECitation:

Yetik A.K., Candoğan B.N. (2022): Optimisation of irrigation strategy in sugar beet farming based on yield, quality and water productivity. Plant Soil Environ., 68: 358–365.

download PDF

Present experiments were conducted to determine the effects of different irrigation levels on yield, yield components and quality of drip-irrigated sugar beet under sub-humid conditions. Field experiments were conducted in the 2019 and 2021 growing seasons in the Bursa province of Turkey. Experiments were carried out in completely randomised blocks design with three replications. Irrigations were scheduled based on the replenishment of 100 (S1), 66 (S2), 33 (S3), and 0% (S4) of soil water depletion within the soil profile of 90 cm using 7-day irrigation intervals. In 2019, root yields varied between 29.32 (S4)–86.31 (S1) t/ha and sugar yields between 6.33–13.57 t/ha. In 2021, root yields varied between 26.18 (S4)–74.56 (S1) t/ha and sugar yields between 6.56–12.53 t/ha. Effects of different irrigation levels on investigated parameters were found to be significant (P < 0.01). The crop water consumption values were significantly related to root and sugar yields (P < 0.01). Based on present findings, S1 treatment was recommended to get the highest root and sugar yields. In case of limited water resources, S2 (33% water shortage) treatment with the highest water productivity and irrigation water productivity values could be recommended to ensure maximum efficiency from the applied irrigation water quantity.

References:
Bos M.G. (1980): Irrigation efficiencies at crop production level. ICID Bulletin – International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, 29: 18–25.
 
Bos M.G. (1985): Summary of ICID definitions of irrigation efficiency. ICID Bulletin – International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, 34: 28–31.
 
Doorenbos J., Kassam A.H. (1979): Yield Response to Water. Irrigation and Drainage Paper 33. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation.
 
Dunham R.J. (1993): Water use and irrigation. In: Cooke D.A., Scott R.K. (eds.): The Sugar Beet Crop: Science into Practice. London, Chapman and Hall, 279–309. ISBN-13: 978-94-010-6654-9
 
Fabeiro C., Martín De F., Olalla S., López R., Domínguez A. (2003): Production and quality of the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) cultivated under controlled deficit irrigation conditions in a semi-arid climate. Agricultural Water Management, 62: 215–227.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(03)00097-0
 
FAOSTAT (2021): FAO Statistics. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. Available at: http://faostat.fao.org/ (accessed 13. 4. 2021)
 
Garrity P.D., Watts D.G., Sullivan C.Y., Gilley J.R. (1982): Moisture deficits and grain sorghum performance: evapotranspiration-yield relationships. Agronomy Journal, 74: 815–820. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400050011x
 
Hussein M., Kassab O., Abo Elli A. (2008): Evaluating water stress influence on growth and photosynthetic pigments of two sugar beet varieties. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biology Sciences, 4: 936–941.
 
Khozaei M., Kamgar A.A., Zand Parsa S., Sepaskhah A.R., Razzaghi F., Yousefabadi V., Emam Y. (2020): Evaluation of direct seeding and transplanting in sugar beet for water productivity, yield and quality under different irrigation regimes and planting densities. Agricultural Water Management, 238: 106230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106230
 
Kirda C. (2002): Deficit irrigation scheduling based on plant growth stages showing water stress tolerance. In: Deficit Irrigation Practices. Water Reports 22. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation, 3–10.
 
Kiymaz S., Ertek A. (2015): Water use and yield of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) under drip irrigation at different water regimes. Agricultural Water Management, 158: 225–234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2015.05.005
 
Kiziloglu F.M., Sahin U., Tune T., Diler S. (2006): The effect of deficit irrigation on potato evapotranspiration and tuber yield under cool season and semi-arid climatic conditions. Journal of Agronmy, 5: 284–288. https://doi.org/10.3923/ja.2006.284.288
 
Köksal E.S., Güngör Y., Yildirim Y.E. (2011): Spectral reflectance characteristics of sugar beet under different levels of irrigation water and relationships between growth parameters and spectral indexes. Irrigation and Drainage, 60: 187–195. https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.558
 
Li Y., Fan H., Su J., Fei C., Wang K., Tian X., Ma F. (2019): Regulated deficit irrigation at special development stages increases sugar beet yield. Agronomy Journal, 111: 1293–1303. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2018.05.0318
 
Mahmoodi R., Maralian H., Aghabarati A. (2008): Effects of limited irrigation on root yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). African Journal of Biotechnology, 7: 4475–4478.
 
Mahmoud E.S.A., Hassanin M.A., Borham T.I., Emara E.I.R. (2018): Tolerance of some sugar beet varieties to water stress. Agricultural Water Management, 201: 144–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2018.01.024
 
Maralian H., Tobeh A., Seif Amiri S., Didar-Talesh Mikail R., Aghabarati A. (2008): Effects of sowing date and limited irrigation on root yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Asian Journal of Plant Science, 7: 298–303. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2008.298.303
 
Masri M.I., Ramadan B., El-Shafai A., El-Kady M. (2015): Effect of water stress and fertilization on yield and quality of sugar beet under drip and sprinkler irrigation systems in sandy soil. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5: 414–425.
 
Özbay S., Yıldırım M. (2019): The response of sugar beet to different irrigation levels and foliar application of micronutrients under drip irrigation system. Mediterranean Agricultral Science, 32: 219–227. https://doi.org/10.29136/mediterranean.515644
 
Penuelas J., Filella I., Biel C., Serrano L., Save R. (1993): The reflectance at the 950–970 nm region as an indicator of plant water status. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14: 1887–1905. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431169308954010
 
Pereira L.S., Cordery I., Iacovides I. (2012): Improved indicators of water use performance and productivity for sustainable water conservation and saving. Agricultural Water Management, 108: 39–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2011.08.022
 
Rajaeifar M.A., Sadeghzadeh Hemayati S., Tabatabaei M., Aghbashlo M., Mahmoudi S.B. (2019): A review on beet sugar industry with a focus on implementation of waste-to-energy strategy for power supply. Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, 103: 423–442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2018.12.056
 
Rajakylä E., Paloposki M. (1983): Determination of sugars (and betaine) in molasses by high-performance liquid chromatography: comparison of the results with those obtained by the classical lane-eynon method. Journal of Chromatography A, 282: 595–602. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91636-4
 
Sepaskhah S., Tavakoli A.S., Mousavi S.A. (2006): Principles and Applications of Water Deficits. Tehran, National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage Publications.
 
Stewart J.I., Hagan R.M., Pruitt W.O. (1976): Production Functions and Predicted Irrigation Programs for Principal Crops as Required for Water Resources Planning and Increased Water Use Efficiency. Washington, US Department of Interior.
 
Süheri S., Topak R., Yavuz D. (2007): The effects of different irrigation regimes on yield and water use efficiency of sugar beet. Selcuk Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 21: 37–45.
 
Tarı A.F., Özbahçe A., Ata G., Bilgiç C. (2016): Effects of different irrigation interval and irrigation level on quality of sugar beet. Journal of Field Crops Central Research Institute, 25: 55–60.
 
Tarkalson D.D., King B.A. (2017): Effect of deficit irrigation timing on sugarbeet. Agronomy Journal, 109: 2119–2127. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2017.01.0061
 
Tarkalson D.D., King B.A., Bjorneberg D.L. (2018): Yield production functions of irrigated sugarbeet in an arid climate. Agricultural Water Management, 200: 1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2018.01.003
 
Tognetti R., Palladino M., Minnocci A., Delfine S., Alvino A. (2003): The response of sugar beet to drip and low-pressure sprinkler irrigation in southern Italy. Agricultural Water Management, 60: 135–155.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(02)00167-1
 
Topak R., Süheri S., Acar B. (2011): Effect of different drip irrigation regimes on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) yield, quality and water use efficiency in Middle Anatolian, Turkey. Irrigation Science, 29: 79–89.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-010-0219-3
 
Topak R., Acar B., Uyanöz R., Ceyhan E. (2016): Performance of partial root-zone drip irrigation for sugar beet production in https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.06.004
 
a semi-arid area. Agricultural Water Management, 176: 180–190.
 
Tsialtas J.T., Soulioti E., Maslaris N., Papakosta D.K. (2011): Effect of defoliation on leaf physiology of sugar beet cultivars subjected to water stress and re-watering. International Journal of Plant Production, 5: 207–220.
 
Uçan K., Gençoğlan C. (2004): The effect of water deficit on yield and yield components of sugar beet. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Foresty, 28: 163–172.
 
Zarski J., Kuśmierek-Tomaszewska R., Dudek S. (2020): Impact of irrigation and fertigation on the yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in a moderate climate. Agronomy, 10: 160. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10020166
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti