Effects of drought stress on flowering soybean physiology under different soil conditions

https://doi.org/10.17221/237/2022-PSECitation:

Zhou Q., Song S., Wang X., Yan C., Ma C.M., Dong S.K. (2022): Effects of drought stress on flowering soybean physiology under different soil conditions. Plant Soil Environ., 68: 487–498.

download PDF

Soybean is highly sensitive to drought stress during its flowering period. Heinong84 (HN84) and Hefeng46 (HF46) were planted in clay loam, silty loam, and sandy clay. We studied the effects of drought stress on the content of membrane lipid peroxides in flowering soybean leaves, the activity of antioxidant enzymes, and the activity of key enzymes of nitrogen metabolism under different soil conditions. Our results showed that soybean had clear physiological responses to drought stress. With increasing drought stress, the malondialdehyde, glutathione reductase, and glutathione peroxidase levels in soybean leaves increased continuously. Superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, glutamine synthase, and glutamate synthase levels increased with drought stress, reaching a maximum under moderate drought stress and then decreased; nitrate reductase activity decreased continuously. Under the condition of sufficient water, the performance of soybean in the three soils is almost the same, but there are differences under drought stress; particularly, soybean grown in clay loam shows the strongest drought resistance. In summary, the physiological state of soybean is easily affected by drought stress, which varies greatly among different cultivars and in different soil types.

References:
Anjum S.A., Ashraf U., Tanveer M., Khan I., Hussain S., Shahzad B., Zohaib A., Abbas F., Saleem M.F., Ali I., Wang L.C. (2017): Drought induced changes in growth, osmolyte accumulation and antioxidant metabolism of three maize hybrids. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8: 69. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00069
 
Bai W., Sun Z.X., Liu X.C., Guan X.X., Song S.H., Dong L.J. (2009): Effects of water stress at flowering stage on organ balance and yield of soybean. Miscellaneous Crops, 29: 89–92.
 
Bernard S.M., Habash D.Z. (2009): The importance of cytosolic glutamine synthetase in nitrogen assimilation and recycling. New Phytologist, 182: 608–620. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02823.x
 
Camaille M., Fabre N., Clément C., Barka E.A. (2021): Advances in wheat physiology in response to drought and the role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria to trigger drought tolerance. Microorganisms, 9: 687. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040687
 
Cao L., Qin B., Gong Z.P., Zhang Y.X. (2022): Melatonin improves nitrogen metabolism during grain filling under drought stress. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 28: 1477–1488. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-022-01219-y
 
Caravaca F., Alguacil M.M., Hernández J.A., Roldán A. (2005): Involvement of antioxidant enzyme and nitrate reductase activities during water stress and recovery of mycorrhizal Myrtus communis and Phillyrea angustifolia plants. Plant Science, 169: 191–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2005.03.013
 
Chen S.Y., Li G.K., Wang Y., He Y.R., Chen A., Yu X.L. (2010): Research progress of glutamine synthase. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 26: 45–49.
 
Cui W.J., Chang Z.Y., Li N. (2012): Effect of drought stress on physiology ecology and yield of soybean. Journal of Water Resource and Water Engineering, 24: 20–24.
 
Dong S.K., Jiang Y.Z., Dong Y.C., Wang L.B., Wang W.J., Ma Z.Z., Yan C., Ma C.M., Liu L.J. (2019): A study on soybean responses to drought stress and rehydration. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 26: 2006–2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2019.08.005
 
Dong S.K., Li X.N., Zhao K., Liu L.J., Xu Y.H., Wang L.B. (2015): Effect of drought stress on the activities of root protective enzymes of spring soybean. Crop Journal, 2015: 169–171.
 
Du Y.L., Zhao Q., Chen L.R., Yao X.D., Xie F.T. (2020): Effect of drought stress at reproductive stages on growth and nitrogen metabolism in soybean. Agronomy, 10: 302. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10020302
 
Farooq M., Ahmad R., Shahzad M., Sajjad Y., Hassan A., Shah M.M., Naz S., Khan S.A. (2021): Differential variations in total flavonoid content and antioxidant enzymes activities in pea under different salt and drought stresses. Scientia Horticulturae, 287: 110258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110258
 
Gökmen E., Ceyhan E. (2015): Effects of drought stress on growth parameters, enzyme activities and proline content in chickpea genotypes. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 44: 177–183. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v44i2.38505
 
Guo S.J., Yang K.M., Huo J., Zhou Y.H., Wang Y.P., Li G.Q. (2015): Influence of drought on leaf photosynthetic capacity and root growth of soybeans at grain filling stage. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 1419–1425. (In Chinese)
 
Guo Y.Y., Liu J., Zhu Y.L., Bo Y.W., Li H.J., Xue J.Q., Zhang R.H. (2018): Response of photosynthesis and antioxidant enzyme activities in maize leaves to drought stress. Journal of Plant Physiology, 54: 98–105.
 
Guzzo M.C., Costamagna C., Salloum M.S., Rotundo J.L., Monteoliva M.I., Luna C.M. (2020): Morpho-physiological traits associated with drought responses in soybean. Crop Science, 61: 672–688. https://doi.org/10.1002/csc2.20314
 
Hou P.C., Wang F.F., Luo B., Li A.X., Wang C., Shabala L.N., Ahmed H.A.I., Deng S.R., Zhang H.L., Song P., Zhang Y.H., Shabala S., Chen L.P. (2021): Antioxidant enzymatic activity and osmotic adjustment as components of the drought tolerance mechanism in Carex duriuscula. Plants (Basel), 10: 436. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10030436
 
Huang R.H., Liu Y., Wang L., Wang L. (2012): Cause analysis of severe drought in Southwest China from autumn of 2009 to spring of 2010. Atmospheric Science, 36: 443–457.
 
Islam M.Z., Park B.-J., Jeong S.-Y., Kang S.-W., Shin B.-K., Lee Y.T. (2021): Assessment of biochemical compounds and antioxidant enzyme activity in barley and wheatgrass under water-deficit condition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 102: 1995–2002. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.11538
 
Jiang X.Y., Dou J.X., Wang Z.Q. (2001): Comparison of the effects of NaCl on photosynthesis and osmotic adjustment ability of corn and cotton (briefing). Plant Physiology Communications, 37: 303–305.
 
Katam R., Shokri S., Murthy N., Singh S.K., Suravajhala P., Khan M.N., Bahmani M., Sakata K., Reddy K.R. (2020): Proteomics, physiological, and biochemical analysis of cross tolerance mechanisms in response to heat and water stresses in soybean. PloS One, 15: e0233905. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0233905
 
Luo M.R. (2021): Effects of drought stress on the growth and physiology of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis under two soil substrates. Changsha, Central South University of Forestry and Technolgy.
 
Ma J., Du G.Y., Li X.H., Zhang C.Y., Guo J.K. (2015): A major locus controlling malondialdehyde content under water stress is associated with Fusarium crown rot resistance in wheat. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, 290: 1955–1962. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00438-015-1053-3
 
May S.K., Gu L.J., Cheng H.M. (2011): The role of nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase in plants. Advances in Biotechnology, 1: 159–164.
 
Meng S., Zhang C.X., Su L., Li Y.M., Zhao Z. (2016): Nitrogen uptake and metabolism of Populus simonii in response to PEG-induced drought stress. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 123: 78–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2015.11.005
 
Mo J.G., Ma J., Zhang L.H., Wang P.W. (2014): Effect of drought stress on soybean seed germination. Soybean Science, 33: 701–704.
 
Pawar V.V., Lokhande P.K., Dalvi U.S., Awari V.R., Kale A.A., Chimote V.P., Naik R.M. (2015): Effect of osmotic stress on osmolyte accumulation and ammonia assimilating enzymes in chickpea cultivars. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 20: 276–280. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-015-0159-2
 
Rui P.H., Han K.L., Wang C.J., Li W.Y. (2018): Effects of high temperature at grain filling stage on antioxidant enzyme activities and osmotic adjustment substances in maize leaves. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences, 46: 82–84.
 
Shi L.R., Zheng W., Lei T., Liu X.T., Hui M. (2021): The effect of different soil amendments on soil properties and on the morphological and physiological characteristics of Chinese cabbage. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 21: 1500–1510. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-021-00456-6
 
Simova-Stoilova L., Demirevska K., Petrova T., Tsenov N., Feller U. (2009): Antioxidative protection and proteolytic activity in tolerant and sensitive wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties subjected to long-term field drought. Plant Growth Regulation, 58: 107–117. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-008-9356-6
 
Sui M.F., Hu K., Wu L.J., Ding G.C. (2021): Effect of drought stress on seeding growth and carbon and nitrogen metabolism of different drought-tolerant ornamental grasses. Journal of Southwest Foresty University (Natural Science), 42: 1–8.
 
Syed B.A., Patel M., Patel A., Gami B., Patel B. (2021): Regulation of antioxidant enzymes and osmo-protectant molecules by salt and drought responsive genes in Bambusa balcooa. Journal of Plant Research, 134: 165–175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-020-01242-8
 
Wang X.C., Zhang H.R., Wei Y.H., Jia X.T., Gu M.X., Ma X.M. (2017): Differential expression and assembly mode of glutamine synthetase isoenzymes in different tissues and organs of maize. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 43: 1410–1414. https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.01410
 
Wang X.Y., Wu Z.H., Zhou Q., Wang X., Song S., Dong S.K. (2022): Physiological response of soybean plants to water deficit. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2022: 809692. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.809692
 
Xiu L.Q., Zhang W.M., Wu D., Sun Y.Y., Zhang H.G., Gu W.Q., Wang Y.N., Meng J., Chen W.F. (2021): Biochar can improve biological nitrogen fixation by altering the root growth strategy of soybean in Albic soil. Science of The Total Environment, 773: 144564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144564
 
Xu Y.H., Dong S.K., Li X.N., Gao X.Y., Wang L.B., Liu L.J. (2016): Effects of drought stress on the activities of key enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in spring soybean. Journal of Nuclear Agriculture, 30: 170–176.
 
Xu Z.Z., Zhou G.S. (2010): Effects of water stress and nocturnal temperature on carbon allocation in the perennial grass, Leymus chinensis. Physiologia Plantarum, 123: 272–280.
 
Zha T., Zhong X.B., Zhou Q.Z., He M.D., Wang G.F., You J.H., Wang Z.Q., Tang G.X. (2018): Development status of China’s soybean industry and strategies of revitalising. Soybean Science, 37: 458–463.
 
Zhang A., Liu M.X., Gu W., Chen Z.Y., Gu Y.C., Pei L.F., Tian R. (2021): Effect of drought on photosynthesis, total antioxidant capacity, bioactive component accumulation, and the transcriptome of Atractylodes lancea. BMC Plant Biology, 21: 293. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-021-03048-9
 
Zhao C.F., Guo H.X., Wang J.R., Wang Y.F., Zhang R.H. (2021): Melatonin enhances drought tolerance by regulating leaf stomatal behavior, carbon and nitrogen metabolism, and related gene expression in maize plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12: 779382. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.779382
 
Zhong C., Cao X.C., Bai Z.G., Zhang J.H., Zhu L.F., Huang J.L., Jin Q.Y. (2018): Nitrogen metabolism correlates with the acclimation of photosynthesis to short-term water stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 125: 52–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.01.024
 
Zhou L.L., Fan H.M., Wu M., Wang T.L., Chai Y., Liu J., Guo P. (2010): Soil properties of major dryland cultivation in Northeast China and erosion environment during spring thawing period. In: Proceedings of 2010 International Conference on Remote Sensing. (ICRS 2010) Volume 4. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 503–508.
 
Zhou Q., Li Y.P., Wang X.J., Yan C., Ma C.M., Liu J., Dong S.K. (2022): Effects of different drought degrees on physiological characteristics and endogenous hormones of soybean. Plants (Basel), 11: 2282. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11172282
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti