Phytoaccumulation of heavy metals in native plants growing on soils in the Spreča river valley, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Murtić S., Zahirović Ć., Čivić H., Sijahović E., Jurković J., Avdić J., Šahinović E., Podrug A. (2021): Phytoaccumulation of heavy metals in native plants growing on soils in the Spreča river valley, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 533–540.


download PDF

This study evaluated the phytoremediation potential of eight native plant species on heavy metal polluted soils along the Spreča river valley (the northeast region of Bosnia and Herzegovina). Plants selected for screening were: ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.), common nettle (Urtica dioica L.), mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.), wild mint (Mentha arvensis L.), white clover (Trifolium repens L.), alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), dwarf nettle (Urtica urens L.) and yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.). All aboveground parts of selected native plants and their associated soil samples were collected and analysed for total concentration of Ni, Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn and Cu. The bioaccumulation factor for each element was also calculated. The levels of Cr (90.9–171.1 mg/kg) and Ni (80.1–390.5 mg/kg) in the studied soil plots were generally higher than limits prescribed by European standards, indicating that the soils in the Spreča river valley are polluted by Cr and Ni. Among the eight screened plant species, no hyperaccumulators for toxic heavy metals Ni, Cr, Cd and Pb were identified. However, the concentrations of toxic heavy metals in the above-ground parts of Artemisia vulgaris L. and Trifolium repens L. were significantly higher than in the other studied plants, indicating that both plant species are useful for heavy metal removal.


Agnieszka B., Tomasz C., Jerzy W. (2014): Chemical properties and toxicity of soils contaminated by mining activity. Ecotoxicology, 23: 1234–1244.
Ahmetović M., Keran H., Šestan I., Odobašić A., Čanić A., Junuzović H., Hrnjić N. (2020): Influence of the Spreča River flooding on individual physicochemical parameters of soil. International Journal for Research in Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7: 13–18.
Antoniadis V., Shaheen S.M., Stärk H.-J., Wennrich R., Levizou E., Merbach I., Rinklebe J. (2021): Phytoremediation potential of twelve wild plant species for toxic elements in a contaminated soil. Environment International, 146: 106233.
Babajić A., Babajić E., Srećković-Batoćanin D., Milovanović D.J. (2017): Petrographic characteristics of mafic extrusive rocks along the southwestern part of Majevica. Archives for Technical Sciences, 16: 1–8.
Berrow M.L., Reaves G.A. (1984): Background Levels of Trace Elements in Soils. London, Proceedings International Conference Environmental Contamination, 333–340.
Braun-Blanquet J. (1964): Pflansensoziologie. 3rd Edition. Vienna, Springer.
Břendová K., Tlustoš P., Száková J. (2015): Biochar immobilizes cadmium and zinc and improves phytoextraction potential of willow plants on extremely contaminated soil. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61: 303–308.
Cipurković A., Selimbašić V., Tanjić I., Mičević S., Pelemiš D., Čeliković R. (2011): Heavy metals in sedimentary dust in the industrial city of Lukavac. European Journal of Scientific Research, 54: 347–362.
Dessalew G., Beyene A., Nebiyu A., Astatkie T. (2018): Effect of brewery spent diatomite sludge on trace metal availability in soil and uptake by wheat crop, and trace metal risk on human health through the consumption of wheat grain. Heliyon, 4: e00783.
Gajić G., Djurdjević L., Kostić O., Jarić S., Mitrović M., Pavlović P. (2018): Ecological potential of plants for phytoremediation and ecorestoration of fly ash deposits and mine wastes. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6: 124.
Gawlik B.M., Bidoglio G. (2006): Background values in European soils and sewage sludges, part 3. Conclusions, comment and recommendations. In: Gawlik B.M., Bidoglio G. (eds): Results of
a JRC-coordinated Study on Background Values. Ispra, European Commission, Joint Research Centre.
IUSS Working Group WRB (2015): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015. International Soil Classification System for Naming Soils and Creating Legends for Soil Maps. Word Soils Resources Reports, No. 106. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.
Kottek M., Grieser J., Beck C., Rudolf B., Rubel F. (2006): World map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 15: 259–263.
Koźmińska A., Wiszniewska A., Hanus-Fajerska E., Muszyńska E. (2018): Recent strategies of increasing metal tolerance and phytoremediation potential using genetic transformation of plants. Plant Biotechnology Reports, 12: 1–14.
Kupka D., Kania M., Pietrzykowski M., Lukasik A., Gruba P. (2021): Multiple factors influence the accumulation of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn) in forest soils in the vicinity of roadways. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 232: 194.
Ladislas S., El-Mufleh A., Gérente C., Chazarenc F., Andres Y., Béchet B. (2012): Potential of aquatic macrophytes as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution in urban stormwater runoff. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 223: 877–888.
Lin H., Liu C.J., Li B., Dong Y.B. (2021): Trifolium repens L. regulated phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil by promoting soil enzyme activities and beneficial rhizosphere associated microorganisms. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 402: 123829.
Lisjak M., Špoljarević M., Agić D., Andrić L. (2009): Practicum-Plant Physiology. 1st Edition. Osijek, Joseph George Strossmayer University of Osijek. (In Croatian)
Mleczek P., Borowiak K., Budka A., Niedzielski P. (2018): Relationship between concentration of rare earth elements in soil and their distribution in plants growing near a frequented road. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25: 23695–23711.
Nedjimi B. (2021): Phytoremediation: a sustainable environmental technology for heavy metals decontamination. SN Applied Sciences, 3: 286.
Petelka J., Abraham J., Bockreis A., Deikumah J.P., Zerbe S. (2019): Soil heavy metal(loid) pollution and phytoremediation potential of native plants on a former gold mine in Ghana. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 230: 267.
Proc K., Bulak P., Kaczor M., Bieganowski A. (2021): A new approach to quantifying bioaccumulation of elements in biological processes. Biology (Basel), 10: 345.
Puschenreiter M., Horak O., Friesl W., Hartl W. (2005): Low-cost agricultural measures to reduce heavy metal transfer into the food chain – a review. Plant, Soil and Environment, 51: 1–11.
Quantin C., Ettler V., Garnier J., Šebek O. (2008): Sources and extractability of chromium and nickel in soil profiles developed on Czech serpentinites. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 340: 872–882.
Ramírez A., García G., Werner O., Navarro-Pedreño J., Ros R.M. (2021): Implications of the phytoremediation of heavy metal contamination of soils and wild plants in the industrial area of Haina, Dominican Republic. Sustainability, 13: 1403.
Roschzttardtz H., González-Guerrero M., Gomez-Casati D.F. (2019): Editorial: metallic micronutrient homeostasis in plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 927.
Ruley A.J., Tumuhairwe B.J., Amoding A., Opolot E., Oryem-Origa H., Basamba T. (2019): Assessment of plants for phytoremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils in the Sudd Wetland of South Sudan. Plant, Soil and Environment, 65: 463–469.
Sheoran V., Sheoran A.S., Poonia P. (2016): Factors affecting phytoextraction: a review. Pedosphere, 26: 148–166.
Suman J., Uhlik O., Viktorova J., Macek T. (2018): Phytoextraction of heavy metals: a promising tool for clean-up of polluted environment? Frontiers in Plant Science, 9: 1476.
Usman K., Abu-Dieyeh M.H., Zouari N., Al-Ghouti M.A. (2020): Lead (Pb) bioaccumulation and antioxidative responses in Tetraena qataranse. Scientific Reports, 10: 17070.
Wuana R.A., Okieimen F.E. (2011): Heavy metals in contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. International Scholarly Research Notices, 2011: 402647.
Wyszkowska J., Borowik A., Kucharski J. (2019): The resistance of Lolium perenne L. × hybridum, Poa pratensis, Festuca rubra,
F. arundinacea, Phleum pratense and Dactylis glomerata to soil pollution by diesel oil and petroleum. Plant, Soil and Environment, 65: 307–312.
Yoon J., Cao X.D., Zhou Q.X., Ma L.Q. (2006): Accumulation of Pb, Cu, and Zn in native plants growing on a contaminated Florida site. Science of The Total Environment, 368: 456–464.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti