Quality and productivity of hybrid wheat depending on the tillage practices

https://doi.org/10.17221/266/2020-PSECitation:

Buczek J. (2020): Quality and productivity of hybrid wheat depending on the tillage practices. Plant Soil Environ., 66: 415–420.

 

download PDF

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of soil tillage systems on technological characteristics, mineral composition and grain yield of selected hybrid wheat cultivars grown in variable climatic conditions. The following factors were studied: tillage systems, namely conventional (CT), reduced (RT) and no tillage (NT) and hybrid cultivars of winter wheat (Hyfi, Hybiza and Hystar). Cvs. Hyfi and Hybiza were characterised by good technological parameters and protein quality, and additionally by a higher Fe and Zn content and a higher grain yield than cv. Hystar. Meteorological conditions (rainfall total 414.9 mm, mean temperature 8.8 °C) during the growing season caused an increase in the yield of grain, protein, gluten and Zeleny test as well as the total gliadins and glutenins. Higher rainfall reduced grain quality and Fe and Zn content, while precipitation deficits reduced grain yield. Quality parameters and grain yield, as well as total gliadins and glutenins in CT and RT were similar, and significantly higher compared with NT. Soil tillage systems did not differentiate mineral composition, except for the higher content of Fe in CT as well as the content of albumins and globulins, α/β, ω gliadins and low molecular weight (LMW) glutenins and protein fraction ratios in grain.

References:
Bouacha O.D., Nouaigui S., Rezgui S. (2014): Effects of N and K fertilizers on durum wheat quality in different environments. Journal of Cereal Science, 59: 9–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2013.11.003
 
De Santis M.A., Giuliani M.M., Giuzio L., De Vita P., Lovegrove A., Shewry P.R., Flagella Z. (2017): Differences in gluten protein composition between old and modern durum wheat genotypes in relation to 20th century breeding in Italy. European Journal of Agronomy, 87: 19–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2017.04.003
 
De Vita P., Di Paolo E., Fecondo G., Di Fonzo N., Pisante M. (2007): No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and soil moisture content in southern Italy. Soil and Tillage Research, 92: 69–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2006.01.012
 
FAO (2015): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014. World Soil Resources Reports, 106. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation, 193.
 
Gao X.P., Grant C.A. (2011): Interactive effect of N fertilization and tillage management on Zn biofortification in durum wheat (Triticum durum). Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 91: 951–960. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjps2011-026
 
Gao X.P., Lukow O.M., Grant C.A. (2012): Grain concentrations of protein, iron and zinc and bread making quality in spring wheat as affected by seeding date and nitrogen fertilizer management. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 121: 36–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.02.005
 
Gupta P.K., Balyan H.S., Gahlaut V., Saripalli G., Pal B., Basnet B.R., Joshi A.K. (2019): Hybrid wheat: past, present and future. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 132: 2463–2483. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-019-03397-y
 
Gürsoy S., Sessiz A., Malhi S.S. (2010): Short-term effects of tillage and residue management following cotton on grain yield and quality of wheat. Field Crops Research, 119: 260–268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.07.016
 
Hausherr Lüder R.-M., Qin R.J., Richner W., Stamp P., Streit B., Noulas C. (2019): Effect of tillage systems on spatial variation in soil chemical properties and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) performance in small fields. Agronomy, 9: 182. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9040182
 
Hofmeijer J.A.M., Krauss M., Berner A., Peigné J., Mäder P., Armengot L. (2019): Effects of reduced tillage on weed pressure, nitrogen availability and winter wheat yields under organic management. Agronomy, 9: 180. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9040180
 
IOR-PIB (2013): Recommendations Protection of Plants 2012. Agricultural Plants, 2. Poznań, Institute of Plant Protection-National Research Institute, 305.
 
Jaskulska I., Jaskulski D., Gałęzewski L., Knapowski T., Kozera W., Wacławowicz R. (2018): Mineral composition and baking value of the winter wheat grain under varied environmental and agronomic conditions. Journal of Chemistry, 2018: 5013825. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5013825
 
Jug I., Jug D., Sabo M., Stipešević B., Stošić M. (2011): Winter wheat yield and yield components as affected by soil tillage systems. Turkish Journal Agriculture and Forestry, 35: 1–7.
 
Marin D.I., Rusu T., Ciontu C., Mihalache M., Ilie L., Nistor E., Bolohan C. (2015): Influence of soil tillage upon the yield of several winter wheat varieties grown in the Ilfov Area-Romania. ProEnvironment, 8: 136–141.
 
Mayer J., Gunst L., Mäder P., Samson M.-F., Carcea M., Narducci V., Thomsen K.I., Dubois D. (2015): ‘Productivity, quality and sustainability of winter wheat under long-term conventional and organic management in Switzerland’. European Journal of Agronomy, 65: 27–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2015.01.002
 
Peigné J., Messmer M., Aveline A., Berner A., Mäder P., Carcea M., Narducci V., Samson M.-F., Thomsen I.K., Celette F., David C. (2014): Wheat yield and quality as influenced by reduced tillage in organic farming. Organic Agriculture, 4: 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13165-013-0055-x
 
Šíp V., Vavera R., Chrpová J., Kusá P., Růžek P. (2013): Winter wheat yield and quality related to tillage practice, input level and environmental conditions. Soil and Tillage Research, 132: 77–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.05.002
 
Taner A., Arısoy R.Z., Kaya Y., Gültekin I., Partigöç F. (2015): The effects of various tillage systems on grain yield, quality parameters and energy indices in winter wheat production under the rainfed conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 24: 1463–1473.
 
Triboï E., Martre P., Triboï-Blondel A.-M. (2003): Environmentally-induced changes in protein composition in developing grains of wheat are related to changes in total protein content. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54: 1731–1742. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erg183
 
Wieser H., Antes S., Seilmeier W. (1998): Quantitative determination of gluten protein types in wheat flour by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Cereal Chemistry, 75: 644–650. https://doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM.1998.75.5.644
 
Woźniak A., Stępniowska A. (2017): Yield and quality of durum wheat grain in different tillage systems. Journal of Elementology, 22: 817–829. https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2016.21.4.1304
 
Zhao Y.S., Zeng J., Fernando R.L., Reif J.C. (2013): Genomic prediction of hybrid wheat performance. Crop Science, 53: 802–810. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2012.08.0463
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti