Adsorption and leaching characteristics of ammonium and nitrate from paddy soil as affected by biochar amendment

Lv R.J., Wang Y., Yang X.X., Wen Y.P., Tan X.M., Zeng Y.J., Shang Q.Y. (2021): Adsorption and leaching characteristics of ammonium and nitrate from paddy soil as affected by biochar amendment. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 8–17.


download PDF

Biochar plays a key role in nitrogen cycling, potentially affecting nitrogen adsorption and leaching when applied to soils. The laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption characteristics of rice straw biochar (RSBC) to ammonium (NH4+) and nitrate (NO3) and the influence of RSBC on leaching characteristics of NH4+ and NO3 at different soil depths using multi-layered soil columns. The results showed that the adsorption characteristics were significantly fitted with Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isothermal curve models. The Freundlich isotherm model indicated that RSBC has relatively higher adsorption capacity and adsorption intensity to NH4+ than NO3. Moreover, the Langmuir isotherm model showed that the maximum adsorption capacity of RSBC to NH4+ and NO3 were 31.25 and 10.00 mg/g, respectively. The leaching experiments showed that the contents of NH4+ in the leachates from the soil columns showed significant differences at different depths depending on the application amount of RSBC. Compared with CK (0% RSBC amendment), the overall cumulative losses of NH4+ via leaching were decreased by 23.3, 35.1 and 13.7% after adding 2, 4 and 6% RSBC, respectively. Correspondingly, the contents of residual soil NH4+ in the soil column were increased significantly with the RSBC amendment at different depths. However, the losses of NO3 via leaching from the soil columns could not be retarded obviously by RSBC. Therefore, the application of an appropriate biochar rate is beneficial to retard the losses of soil NH4+ from paddy soil.


Araújo C.S.T., Almeida I.L.S., Rezende H.C., Marcionilio S.M.L.O., Léon J.J.L., de Matos T.N. (2018): Elucidation of mechanism involved in adsorption of Pb(II) onto lobeira fruit (Solanum lycocarpum) using Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherms. Microchemical Journal, 137: 348–354.
Bouwman L., Goldewijk K.K., Van Der Hoek K.W., Beusen A.H.W., Van Vuuren D.P., Willems J., Rufino M.C., Stehfest E. (2013): Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900–2050 period. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110: 20882–20887.
Ding Y., Liu Y.G., Liu S.B., Li Z.W., Tan X., Huang X., Zeng G., Zhou L., Zheng B. (2016): Biochar to improve soil fertility. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 36: 36.
Ding Y., Liu Y.X., Wu W.X., Shi D.Z., Yang M., Zhong Z.K. (2010): Evaluation of biochar effects on nitrogen retention and leaching in multi-layered soil columns. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 213: 47–55.
Gai X.P., Wang H.Y., Liu J., Zhai L.M., Liu S., Ren T.Z., Liu H.B. (2014): Effects of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature on biochar adsorption of ammonium and nitrate. PloS One, 9: e113888.
Hale S.E., Alling V., Martinsen V., Mulder J., Breedveld G.D., Cornelissen G. (2013): The sorption and desorption of phosphate-P, ammonium-N and nitrate-N in cacao shell and corn cob biochars. Chemosphere, 91: 1612–1619.
Hollister C.C., Bisogni J.J., Lehmann J. (2013): Ammonium, nitrate, and phosphate sorption to and solute leaching from biochars prepared from corn stover (L.) and oak wood (spp.). Journal of Environmental Quality, 42: 137–144.
Hu A.Y., Tang T.T., Liu Q. (2018): Nitrogen use efficiency in different rice-based rotations in southern China. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 112: 75–86.
Huang M., Fan L., Chen J.N., Jiang L.G., Zou Y.B. (2018): Continuous applications of biochar to rice: effects on nitrogen uptake and utilization. Scientific Reports, 8: 11461.
Kammann C.I., Schmidt H.-P., Messerschmidt N., Linsel S., Steffens D., Müller C., Koyro H.-W., Conte P., Stephen J. (2015): Plant growth improvement mediated by nitrate capture in co-composted biochar. Scientific Reports, 5: 11080.
Laird D., Fleming P., Wang B.Q., Horton R., Karlen D. (2010): Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma, 158: 436–442.
Lal R. (2004): Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science, 304: 1623–1627.
Lehmann J., Rillig M.C., Thies J., Masiello C.A., Hockaday W.C., Crowley D. (2011): Biochar effects on soil biota – a review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43: 1812–1836.
Lin Y., Munroe P., Joseph S., Henderson R., Ziolkowski A. (2012): Water extractable organic carbon in untreated and chemical treated biochars. Chemosphere, 87: 151–157.
Lu S.G., Sun F.F., Zong Y.T. (2014): Effect of rice husk biochar and coal fly ash on some physical properties of expansive clayey soil (Vertisol). Catena, 114: 37–44.
Mizuta K., Matsumoto T., Hatate Y., Nishihara K., Nakanishi T. (2004): Removal of nitrate-nitrogen from drinking water using bamboo powder charcoal. Bioresource Technology, 95: 255–257.
Nelissen V., Ruysschaert G., Manka’Abusi D., D’Hose T., De Beuf K., Al-Barri B., Cornelis W., Boeckx P. (2015): Impact of a woody biochar on properties of a sandy loam soil and spring barley during a two-year field experiment. European Journal of Agronomy, 62: 65–78.
Ok Y.S., Yang J.E., Zhang Y.S., Kim S.J., Chung D.Y. (2007): Heavy metal adsorption by a formulated zeolite-Portland cement mixture. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 147: 91–96.
Schmidt H.P., Pandit B.H., Martinsen V., Cornelissen G., Conte P., Kammann C.I. (2015): Fourfold increase in pumpkin yield in response to low-dosage root zone application of urine-enhanced biochar to a fertile tropical soil. Agriculture, 5: 723–741.
Sika M.P., Hardie A.G. (2013): Effect of pine wood biochar on ammonium nitrate leaching and availability in a South African sandy soil. European Journal of Soil Science, 65: 113–119.
Spokas K.A., Novak J.M., Venterea R.T. (2011): Biochar’s role as an alternative N-fertilizer: ammonia capture. Plant and Soil, 350: 35–42.
Sun X., Zhong T., Zhang L., Zhang K.S., Wu W.X. (2019): Reducing ammonia volatilization from paddy field with rice straw derived biochar. Science of the Total Environment, 660: 512–518.
Wang J., Fu P.H., Wang F., Fahad S., Mohapatra P.K., Chen Y.T., Zhang C.D., Peng S.B., Cui K.H., Nie L.X., Huang J.L. (2019): Optimizing nitrogen management to balance rice yield and environmental risk in the Yangtze River’s middle reaches. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26: 4901–4912.
Yao Y., Gao B., Zhang M., Inyang M., Zimmerman A.R. (2012): Effect of biochar amendment on sorption and leaching of nitrate, ammonium, and phosphate in a sandy soil. Chemosphere, 89: 1467–1471.
Zhang H., Voroney R.P., Price G.W. (2015): Effects of temperature and processing conditions on biochar chemical properties and their influence on soil C and N transformations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 83: 19–28.
Zheng H., Wang Z.Y., Deng X., Zhao J., Luo Y., Novak J., Herbert S., Xing B.S. (2013): Characteristics and nutrient values of biochars produced from giant reed at different temperatures. Bioresource Technology, 130: 463–471.
Zhu D.Q., Pignatello J.J. (2005): Characterization of aromatic compound sorptive interactions with black carbon (charcoal) assisted by graphite as a model. Environmental Science and Technology, 39: 2033–2041.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti