Impact of different tillage management on soil and grain quality in the Anatolian paddy rice production
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of conventional tillage (CT) and two different reduced tillage methods (RT1 and RT2) on some soil properties, grain yield and post-harvest grain quality during paddy rice production in the semi-arid Mediterranean conditions for two years. According to the results, soil bulk density was higher in CT with 1.46 and 1.47 g/cm3, respectively for both years. Ntot in RT1 was determined to be higher at a significant level with an average of 0.135%. The lowest soil organic carbon was found in the CT yearly as 2.91% and 2.50%. Penetration resistance did not exceed the limit value of 2–3 MPa in any method that may have impact on plant root growth. RT1 yielded higher results with regard to rice grain yield and provided the highest milling yield for both cultivars and years. There was no statistical difference among dry matter, thousand kernel mass and protein content values of rice grains in terms of cultivars, years and tillage factors. It can be observed in the light of short-term results that the RT1 is a good alternative for CT due to its positive impact on soil characteristics, grain yield and quality.
Altikat Sefa, Celik Ahmet (2011): The effects of tillage and intra-row compaction on seedbed properties and red lentil emergence under dry land conditions. Soil and Tillage Research, 114, 1-8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2011.03.003
Bhagat R.M. (2003): Rice Lands of South and South East Asia, Some Soil Physical Aspects. Palampur, Himachal Pradesh Agriculture University, 49–61. Available at: http://www.iaea.org/inis/collection/CLCollectionStore/_Public/38/100/38100103.pdf
Bhagat R.M., Sharma P.K., Verma T.S. (1994): Tillage and residue management effects on soil physical properties and rice yield in northwestern Himalayan soils. Soil and Tillage Research, 29, 323-334 https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(94)90106-6
Blake G.R., Hartge K.H. (1986): Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods. In: Klute A. (ed.): Soil Science Society of America. Madison. 2nd Edition. 363–375. Available at: doi:10.2136/sssabookser5.1.2ed.frontmatter
Çakir E., Aykas E., Yalçin H., Çay A., Dereli İ. (2010): The effects of reduced tillage and direct seeding systems on the yield of maize and barley – Vetch in Ege Region. Journal of Agricultural Machinery Science, 6: 115–119.
Dengiz Orhan, Gürsoy Fatma Esra, Sağlam Mustafa (2017): Determination of suitable workability case for different soils formed on alluvial land. Anadolu Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 32, 96-96 https://doi.org/10.7161/omuanajas.289019
Dunjó Gemma, Pardini Giovanni, Gispert Maria (2003): Land use change effects on abandoned terraced soils in a Mediterranean catchment, NE Spain. CATENA, 52, 23-37 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0341-8162(02)00148-0
Efe R. (1999): The physical factors affecting soil formation and properties of the soils in the western part of the southern Marmara sub-region. Turkish Geography Journal, 34: 193–209.
Fabrizzi Karina P., Rice Charles W., Amado Telmo J. C., Fiorin Jackson, Barbagelata Pedro, Melchiori Ricardo (2009): Protection of soil organic C and N in temperate and tropical soils: effect of native and agroecosystems. Biogeochemistry, 92, 129-143 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-008-9261-0
FAOSTAT (2017): Foof and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Statistical Data. Available at: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/PP
Anna Gałązka, Karolina Gawryjołek, Jarosław Grządziel, Jerzy Księżak (2017): Effect of different agricultural management practices on soil biological parameters including glomalin fraction. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63, 300-306 https://doi.org/10.17221/207/2017-PSE
Håkansson Inge, Lipiec Jerzy (2000): A review of the usefulness of relative bulk density values in studies of soil structure and compaction. Soil and Tillage Research, 53, 71-85 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(99)00095-1
Hormozi Mohammad Ali, Asoodar Mohammad Amin, Abdeshahi Abbas (2012): Impact of Mechanization on Technical Efficiency: A Case Study of Rice Farmers in Iran. Procedia Economics and Finance, 1, 176-185 https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(12)00021-4
Jing'an Shao, Xiaohong Tang, Chaofu Wei, Deti Xie (2007): Effects of conservation tillage on soil organic matter in paddy rice cultivation. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27, 4434-4442 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2032(08)60001-3
Mrabet Rachid, Saber Najib, El-Brahli Azeddine, Lahlou Sabah, Bessam Fatima (2001): Total, particulate organic matter and structural stability of a Calcixeroll soil under different wheat rotations and tillage systems in a semiarid area of Morocco. Soil and Tillage Research, 57, 225-235 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(00)00180-X
Ozpinar Sakine (2006): Effects of tillage on productivity of a winter wheat-vetch rotation under dryland Mediterranean conditions. Soil and Tillage Research, 89, 258-265 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2005.07.009
Ozpinar Sakine, Cay Anıl (2006): Effect of different tillage systems on the quality and crop productivity of a clay–loam soil in semi-arid north-western Turkey. Soil and Tillage Research, 88, 95-106 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2005.04.009
Sharma Peeyush, Abrol Vikas, Sharma R.K. (2011): Impact of tillage and mulch management on economics, energy requirement and crop performance in maize–wheat rotation in rainfed subhumid inceptisols, India. European Journal of Agronomy, 34, 46-51 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2010.10.003
Tabaglio Vincenzo, Gavazzi Carolina, Menta Cristina (2009): Physico-chemical indicators and microarthropod communities as influenced by no-till, conventional tillage and nitrogen fertilisation after four years of continuous maize. Soil and Tillage Research, 105, 135-142 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2009.06.006
Tangyuan N., Bin H., Nianyuan J., Shenzhong T., Zengjia L. (2009): Effects of conservation tillage on soil porosity in maize-wheat cropping system. Plant, Soil and Environment, 55, 327-333 https://doi.org/10.17221/25/2009-PSE