The long-term performance of composited soil with feldspathic sandstone amendment on sandy soil and its effects on corn yield

https://doi.org/10.17221/282/2019-PSECitation:jie c., jichang h., jichang x., huanyuan w., zenghui s., yichun d., yingying s. (2019): The long-term performance of composited soil with feldspathic sandstone amendment on sandy soil and its effects on corn yield. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 395-400.
download PDF

To estimate the long-term performance and the optimal ratio of feldspathic sandstone with sandy soil, experiments with different ratios of feldspathic sandstone to sandy soil (0:1, 1:1, 1:2 and 1:5 v/v) was conducted. The physical properties as soil texture, water-stable aggregate (WR0.25) content, and the organic carbon content of the composited soil for 6 years, and corn yield for 9 years were determined. Our results showed that after the addition of feldspathic sandstone: (1) soil texture was notably improved, changing from sand loamy soil (1:2 and 1:5) to sand loam soil (1:1) and silt sand soil (1:1) over planting time; (2) content of water-stable aggregate (WR0.25) significantly increased: WR0.25 of treatments 1:1, 1:2 and 1:5 all increased (by 29.26, 31.47 and 11.56%, respectively) compared with that of treatment 0:1; (3) the organic carbon content of the composited soils increased with time in all treatments. After six years of planting, average organic carbon content in treatments 1:1, 1:2 and 1:5 were 1.64, 1.51 and 1.77 g/kg, respectively, which were higher than that of 0:1 treatment; and (4) among the three ratios, treatment 1:2 (12 984 kg/ha) had the highest corn yield, followed by treatment 1:1 (12 040 kg/ha) and 1:5 (11 301 kg/ha). In conclusion, with a good performance, 1:2 was the best ratio of feldspathic sandstone to sand in improving the sandy soil structure of the Mu Us Desert, China.

References:
Angers D. A. (1992): Changes in Soil Aggregation and Organic Carbon under Corn and Alfalfa. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56, 1244-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1992.03615995005600040039x
 
Ashagrie Y., Zech W., Guggenberger G., Mamo T. (2007): Soil aggregation, and total and particulate organic matter following conversion of native forests to continuous cultivation in Ethiopia. Soil and Tillage Research, 94, 101-108  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2006.07.005
 
Bazhenov Mikhail L., Chauvin Annick, Audibert Marc, Levashova N.M. (1993): Permian and Triassic paleomagnetism of the southwestern Tien Shan: timing and mode of tectonic rotations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 118, 195-212  https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(93)90168-9
 
Bruand A., Hartmann C., Lesturgez G. (2005): Physical properties of tropical sandy soils: A large range of behaviors. In: Proceedings of the Management of Tropical Sandy Soils for Sustainable Agriculture: A Holistic Approach for Sustainable Development of Problem Soils in the Tropics. Khon Kaen, Thailand, 148–158.
 
Cheng J., Han J.C., Wang H.Y. (2016): Study on the mechanism of sand fixation by Mu Us desert Arsenic feldspathic sandstone. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 30: 124–127.
 
Chen Z., Jiang X.J., Luo H.Y., Li N. (2008): Distribution of soil microbial biomass within soil water-stable aggregates and the effects of tillage. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 28: 5964–5669.
 
Elliott E. T. (1986): Aggregate Structure and Carbon, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus in Native and Cultivated Soils1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 50, 627-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1986.03615995005000030017x
 
Fidalski Jonez, Tormena Cássio Antonio, Alves Sérgio José, Auler Pedro Antonio Martins (2013): Influência das frações de areia na retenção e disponibilidade de água em solos das formações Caiuá e Paranavaí. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 37, 613-621  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832013000300007
 
Li J., Han J.C., Zhang W.H., Wang H.Y. (2015a): Physical properties and correlation spectral properties of arsenic feldspathic sandstone and sand complex soil. Journal of Triptycene Crops, 35: 394–401.
 
Li J., Wu H.J., Wu X.P., Cai D.X., Yao Y.Q., Lv J.J. (2015b): Long-term protective tillage to increase soil macroaggregate content and agglomerate organic carbon. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 22: 378–386.
 
Li Y.R., Fan P.C., Cao Z., Chen Y.F., Liu Y.S., Wang H.Y., Liu H.H., Ma F., Wang H. (2017): Sand-fixing effect and microscopic mechanism of Mu Us desert Arsenic feldspathic sandstone and sand compounding farmland. Journal of Desert Research, 37: 421–430.
 
Long H.L., Zhang Y.N., Tu S.S. (2018): Land consolidation and rural vitalization. Acta Geographica Sinica, 73: 1837–1849.
 
Lu R.K. (1999): Soil Agrochemical Analysis Method. Beijing, China Agricultural Science and Technology Press.
 
Luo Y.J., Wang F.F., Gao M. (2007): Effects of different tillage systems on active organic matter and carbon storage management index of purple paddy soil. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 21: 55–59.
 
Ni Hanbin, Zhang Liping, Zhang Dengrong, Wu Xiyuan, Fu Xingtao (2008): Weathering of pisha-sandstones in the wind-water erosion crisscross region on the Loess Plateau. Journal of Mountain Science, 5, 340-349  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-008-0218-5
 
Oades JM, Waters AG (1991): Aggregate hierarchy in soils. Soil Research, 29, 815-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9910815
 
Olk Daniel C., Gregorich Edward G. (2006): Overview of the Symposium Proceedings, “Meaningful Pools in Determining Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics”. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70, 967-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2005.0111
 
Peng B., Sun Y.Y., Sun X.B. (2018): Study on the mineral composition of Mu Us desert Arsenic feldspathic sandstone. Land Development Engineering Research, 15: 29–34.
 
Reichert José Miguel, Rodrigues Miriam Fernanda, Bervald Clóvis Moisés Priebe, Kato Osvaldo Ryohei (2013): Fire‐Free Fallow Management by Mechanized Chopping of Biomass for Sustainable Agriculture in Eastern Amazon: Effects on Soil Compactness, Porosity, and Water Retention and Availability. Land Degradation & Development, 27, 1403-1412  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2395
 
Se X.Y., Zhang X.C., We X.R. (2014): Water absorption and water retention characteristics of a moderate amount of Arsenic feldspathic sandstone improved aeolian sandy soil. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 30: 115–123.
 
Unger Paul W. (1997): Aggregate and organic carbon concentration interrelationships of a Torrertic Paleustoll. Soil and Tillage Research, 42, 95-113  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(96)01091-4
 
Wang Y., Zhang J.Y., Zhang X.C., Long Y.(2009): Response of soil nutrients to wetland degradation in Mu Us Sand Land. Acta Agrestia Sinica, 2: 250–254.
 
Wang Huanyuan, Han Jichang, Tong Wei, Cheng Jie, Zhang Haiou (2017): Analysis of water and nitrogen use efficiency for maize ( Zea mays L.) grown on soft rock and sand compound soil. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97, 2553-2560  https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8075
 
Weil R.R., Brady N.C. (1996): The Nature and Properties of Soils. 15th Edition. Essex, Pearson Education, 740.
 
Wei S.M., Zhao X. (2017): Improvement and time effect of arsenic feldspathic sandstone on aeolian sand properties. Soil and Water Conservation Research, 28: 16–21.
 
Yan F., Wu B., Wang Y. (2013): Temporal and spatial variation characteristics of vegetation growth in Mu Us desert from 2000 to 2011. Geographical Science, 33: 602–608.
 
Ye X.F., Li Z.P., Yu X.N., Wang Y., Liu H., Dai X.Q., Cheng C.X., Zhang Y.H. (2018): Effects of fertilization measures on soil aggregates and soil carbon pool in tobacco fields. Soil Science Bulletin, 49: 385–391.
 
Zhang L., Han J.C., Wang H.Y., Ma Z.H. (2015): Variation of particle size composition after arsenic feldspathic sandstone and aeolian sandy soil compounding. China Soil and Water Conservation Science, 13: 44–49.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences