Efficacy and selectivity of post-emergent application of flumioxazin and oxyfluorfen in sunflower
M. Jursík, J. Andr, J. Holec, J. Soukuphttps://doi.org/10.17221/285/2011-PSECitation:Jursík M., Andr J., Holec J., Soukup J. (2011): Efficacy and selectivity of post-emergent application of flumioxazin and oxyfluorfen in sunflower. Plant Soil Environ., 57: 532-539.
Four efficacy and selectivity small plot field trials were carried out in four sunflower hybrids at two localities in Middle Bohemia during 2008 and 2009 with herbicides containing the active ingredients flumioxazin and fluorochloridone. For Chenopodium album, an efficacy of 97% was found after pre-emergent application of fluorochloridone + acetochlor; the efficacy of oxyfluorfen was 88–95%; the efficacy of flumioxazin was below 50% at both tested application rates (30 and 60 g/ha) and application timings (2 sunflower leaves and 4 to 6 sunflower leaves); efficacy of flumioxazin increased to 67% and 69%, when surfactants were added (isodecyl alcohol ethoxylate and heptamethyltrisiloxan). Full control of Amaranthus retroflexus was found after all pre-emergent and early post-emergent herbicide treatments; efficacy of late post-emergent herbicide treatments was below 93%. Full control of Mercurialis annua was found only after application of oxyfluorfen. Thlaspi arvense was fully controlled by fluorochloridone + acetochlor (pre-emergent) and oxyfluorfen (in both application terms). Selectivity of the four tested sunflower hybrids to fluorochloridone + acetochlor, bifenox and flumioxazin was acceptable (phytotoxicity 6 to 27%). Higher phytotoxicity (23–45%) was recorded when surfactants were added to flumioxazin. The highest phytotoxicity (68–81%) was recorded after the application of oxyfluorfen.Keywords:
weeds; sunflower; herbicide efficacy; phytotoxicity; surfactants