Evaluation of fertigation technique for phosphorus application of maize in the semi-arid region of Northeast China
To determine the best phosphorus (P) fertilizer management strategy in chernozem soil in the semi-arid region of Northeast China, a field experiment under film mulched drip irrigation was conducted for two consecutive years. Five P application methods were tested, including no P fertilizer applied (P0); P fertilizer one-time basal application (P1); one fertigation one time (P2); fertigation twice (P3) and fertigation four times (P4). The shoot dry matter weight, phosphorus accumulation, yield and POlsen in soil were measured regularly during the maize growing season. The results demonstrated that P fertilizer application methods imposed significant effects on dry shoot matter, the apparent P loss, P fertilizer use efficiency and yield of maize (P < 0.05). The yield, P agrinomic efficiency and P recovery efficiency of P4 treatment were significantly higher than P1 treatment by 4.2, 39.7, and 66.4% across two year. In addition, P4 treatment significantly enhanced the shoot dry matter weight after V12 stage, post-silking P uptake and reduced the apparent P loss. In conclusion, P fertigation and a rational frequency (e.g., fertigation four times) enable to keep the maximum grain yield, the shoot dry matter, and recovery efficiency of P fertilizer (66.4%) though changing agronomic methods for efficient acquisition of P toward a sustainable and productive agricultural fertigation system.
Bai Zhaohai, Li Haigang, Yang Xueyun, Zhou Baoku, Shi Xiaojun, Wang Boren, Li Dongchu, Shen Jianbo, Chen Qing, Qin Wei, Oenema Oene, Zhang Fusuo (2013): The critical soil P levels for crop yield, soil fertility and environmental safety in different soil types. Plant and Soil, 372, 27-37 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-013-1696-y
Bao S.D. (2000): Soil and Agricultural Chemistry Analysis. 3rd Edition. Beijing, China Agricultural Press, 264–271.
Bar-Yosef B., Sagiv B., Markovitch T. (1989): Sweet Corn Response to Surface and Subsurface Trickle Phosphorus Fertigation. Agronomy Journal, 81, 443- https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1989.00021962008100030009x
Bender Ross R., Haegele Jason W., Ruffo Matias L., Below Fred E. (2013): Nutrient Uptake, Partitioning, and Remobilization in Modern, Transgenic Insect-Protected Maize Hybrids. Agronomy Journal, 105, 161- https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2012.0352
Ben-Gal Alon, Dudley Lynn M. (2003): Phosphorus Availability under Continuous Point Source Irrigation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 67, 1449- https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2003.1449
Cordell Dana, Drangert Jan-Olof, White Stuart (2009): The story of phosphorus: Global food security and food for thought. Global Environmental Change, 19, 292-305 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.009
Jury W. A., Earl K. D. (1977): Water Movement in Bare and Cropped Soil Under Isolated Trickle Emitters: I. Analysis of Bare Soil Experiments1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 41, 852- https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1977.03615995004100050007x
Feleafel M., Mirdad Z.M. (2013): Optimizing the nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertigation rates and frequency for eggplant in arid regions. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 15: 737–742.
Chen Qinwu, Mu Xiaohuan, Chen Fanjun, Yuan Lixing, Mi Guohua (2016): Dynamic change of mineral nutrient content in different plant organs during the grain filling stage in maize grown under contrasting nitrogen supply. European Journal of Agronomy, 80, 137-153 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2016.08.002
Latif A., Alam S.M., Hamid A., Iqbal Z. (1997): Relative efficiency of phosphorus applied through broadcast incorporation, top dressing and fertigation to crops. Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, 13: 15–18.
Li H., Huang G., Meng Q., Ma L., Yuan L., Wang F., Zhang W., Cui Z., Shen J., Chen X., Jiang R., Zhang F. (2011): Integrated soil and plant phosphorus management for crop and environment in China. A review. Plant and Soil, 349, 157-167 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-0909-5
López-Bucio José, de la Vega Octavio Martínez, Guevara-García Arturo, Herrera-Estrella Luis (2000): Enhanced phosphorus uptake in transgenic tobacco plants that overproduce citrate. Nature Biotechnology, 18, 450-453 https://doi.org/10.1038/74531
Mikkelsen Robert L (1989): Phosphorus Fertilization through Drip Irrigation. jpa, 2, 279- https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1989.0279
Muhmood A. (2014): Fertigation helps in increasing phosphorus use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) compared to conventional method. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 51: 587–593.
. Munir Jamil Mohammad, . Ahmed Hammouri, . Abed Elnabi Ferdows (2004): Phosphorus Fertigation and Preplant Conventional Soil Application of Drip Irrigated Summer Squash. Journal of Agronomy, 3, 162-169 https://doi.org/10.3923/ja.2004.162.169
SAS Institute (1998): SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Cary, SAS Institute.
Silber A., Bruner M., Kenig E., Reshef G., Zohar H., Posalski I., Yehezkel H., Shmuel D., Cohen S., Dinar M., Matan E., Dinkin I., Cohen Y., Karni L., Aloni B., Assouline S. (2005): High fertigation frequency and phosphorus level: Effects on summer-grown bell pepper growth and blossom-end rot incidence. Plant and Soil, 270, 135-146 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-004-1311-3
Vance Carroll P., Uhde-Stone Claudia, Allan Deborah L. (2003): Phosphorus acquisition and use: critical adaptations by plants for securing a nonrenewable resource. New Phytologist, 157, 423-447 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00695.x
Wang Z., Li J., Hao F., Li Y. (2017): Effects of phophorus fertigation and lateral depths on distribution of Olsen-P in soil and yield of maize under subsurface drip irrigation. In: Proceeding of the 2017 Spokane, Washington July 16-July 19.
Xiong Wei, Lin Erda, Ju Hui, Xu Yinlong (2007): Climate change and critical thresholds in China’s food security. Climatic Change, 81, 205-221 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-006-9123-5
Yue H.L., Zhang S., Meng M.L., Wang L.L., Fan X.Q. (2013): Effects of phosphorus application amount on production quality and phosphorus fertilizer use efficiency of coated drip irrigation potato. Journal of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 34: 40–45. (In Chinese)
Zafar I., Yaqub M., Akram M. (2013): Phosphorus fertigation: A technique for enhancing P fertilizer efficiency and yield of wheat and maize. Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, 32: 146–151.
Zhang T. Q., Tan C. S., Liu K., Drury C. F., Papadopoulos A. P., Warner J. (2010): Yield and Economic Assessments of Fertilizer Nitrogen and Phosphorus for Processing Tomato with Drip Fertigation. Agronomy Journal, 102, 774- https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2009.0346
Zhang Weifeng, Ma Wenqi, Ji Yuexiu, Fan Mingsheng, Oenema Oene, Zhang Fusuo (2008): Efficiency, economics, and environmental implications of phosphorus resource use and the fertilizer industry in China. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 80, 131-144 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-007-9126-2
Ziadi N., Whalen J.K., Messiga A.J., Morel C. (2013): Chapter two –
Assessment and modeling of soil available phosphorus in sustainable cropping systems. Advances in Agronomy, 122: 85–126.