Spring, einkorn and emmer wheat species – potential rich sources of free ferulic acid and other phenolic compounds
J. Lachman, J. Musilová, Z. Kotíková, K. Hejtmánková, M. Orsák, J. Přibylhttps://doi.org/10.17221/289/2012-PSECitation:Lachman J., Musilová J., Kotíková Z., Hejtmánková K., Orsák M., Přibyl J. (2012): Spring, einkorn and emmer wheat species – potential rich sources of free ferulic acid and other phenolic compounds. Plant Soil Environ., 58: 347-353.
Einkorn (Triticum monococcum L., subsp. monococcum), emmer (Triticum dicoccum Schuebl [Schrank], subsp. dicoccum) and spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) may be rich in hydrophilic antioxidants, therefore being a potential food source with high nutritional properties. The aim of the present study was to assess the content of free ferulic acid (FFA) and total polyphenols (TP) beneficial for human health in wheat varieties and accessions for breeding and production. Einkorn, emmer and spring wheat varieties were assessed for TP and FFA contents in the precise two-year field experiments. The highest FFA content was determined in emmer wheat varieties and spring cv. Granny. High TP content was characteristic for emmer and spring wheat accessions, however also some einkorn ones were characterised by high levels. Year of cultivation showed a significant impact on FFA contents.Keywords:
diploid and tetraploid ancestor wheats; spring hexaploid wheat; hydrophilic antioxidants