Phosphorus affects enzymatic activity and chemical properties of cotton soil Y., Huang H., Zhao H., Xia H., Sun M., Li P., Zheng C., Dong H., Liu J. (2019): Phosphorus affects enzymatic activity and chemical properties of cotton soil. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 361-368.
download PDF

Pot experiments were conducted in 2017 with two cotton cultivars (CCRI 79 and LMY 28) and three phosphorus (P) levels: 3, 8 and 12 mg P2O5/kg as P0, P1 and P2, respectively. In this study, the soil water-soluble organic carbon content increased as the soil available P (AP) increased, while there were no significant variations for soil total organic matter content among the three AP levels. The activities of invertase, cellulase and urease in cotton soil decreased significantly in the P0. There were positive correlations between invertase and cellulose activities with soil organic carbon and inorganic-nitrogen (N); these correlated negatively with soil C/N ratio and AP level. In addition, high soil AP can raise soil AP and enhance alkaline phosphatase activity, which had a significant negative relationship with the soil C/P ratio. Urease activity had a significant positive relationship with soil NH4+-N, C/P and N/P, as well as a negative correlation with soil C/N. Moreover, soil NH4+-N and NO3-N in the P1 and P2 were lower than in the P0, which might be an effect of high AP on soil N availability.

Adetunji A.T., Lewu F.B., Mulidzi R., Ncube B. (2017): The biological activities of β-glucosidase, phosphatase and urease as soil quality indicators: a review. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition, 17, 794-807
Bowles Timothy M., Acosta-Martínez Veronica, Calderón Francisco, Jackson Louise E. (2014): Soil enzyme activities, microbial communities, and carbon and nitrogen availability in organic agroecosystems across an intensively-managed agricultural landscape. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 68, 252-262
Burns Richard G., DeForest Jared L., Marxsen Jürgen, Sinsabaugh Robert L., Stromberger Mary E., Wallenstein Matthew D., Weintraub Michael N., Zoppini Annamaria (2013): Soil enzymes in a changing environment: Current knowledge and future directions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 58, 216-234
Chen B.L., Jiang P.A., Sheng J.D. (2014): Effect of phosphate fertilizers on soil available phosphorus and soil enzyme activities in cotton field. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 45: 185–188. (In Chinese)
Cordell Dana, White Stuart (2013): Sustainable Phosphorus Measures: Strategies and Technologies for Achieving Phosphorus Security. Agronomy, 3, 86-116
DeForest Jared L., Smemo Kurt A., Burke David J., Elliott Homer L., Becker Jane C. (2012): Soil microbial responses to elevated phosphorus and pH in acidic temperate deciduous forests. Biogeochemistry, 109, 189-202
Dilly Oliver, Nannipieri Paolo (2001): Response of ATP content, respiration rate and enzyme activities in an arable and a forest soil to nutrient additions. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 34, 64-72
Djodjic F., Mattsson L. (2013): Changes in plant-available and easily soluble phosphorus within 1 year after P amendment. Soil Use and Management, 29, 45-54
Fraser Tandra D., Lynch Derek H., Gaiero Jonathan, Khosla Kamini, Dunfield Kari E. (2017): Quantification of bacterial non-specific acid ( phoC) and alkaline ( phoD ) phosphatase genes in bulk and rhizosphere soil from organically managed soybean fields. Applied Soil Ecology, 111, 48-56
Geisseler Daniel, Horwath William R., Joergensen Rainer Georg, Ludwig Bernard (2010): Pathways of nitrogen utilization by soil microorganisms – A review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 2058-2067
Griffiths Bryan S, Spilles Annette, Bonkowski Michael (2012): C:N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation of the soil microbial biomass in a grazed grassland site under experimental P limitation or excess. Ecological Processes, 1, -
Gu Yan-Jie, Han Cheng-Long, Kong Meng, Shi Xiao-Yan, Zdruli Pandi, Li Feng-Min (2018): Plastic film mulch promotes high alfalfa production with phosphorus-saving and low risk of soil nitrogen loss. Field Crops Research, 229, 44-54
Hai Long, Li Xiao Gang, Li Feng Min, Suo Dong Rang, Guggenberger Georg (2010): Long-term fertilization and manuring effects on physically-separated soil organic matter pools under a wheat–wheat–maize cropping system in an arid region of China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 253-259
Li Q., JH Liang, YY He, QJ Hu, Yu S. (2014): Effect of land use on soil enzyme activities at karst area  in Nanchuan, Chongqing, Southwest China. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60, 15-20
Liu Zhanfeng, Fu Bojie, Zheng Xiaoxuan, Liu Guohua (2010): Plant biomass, soil water content and soil N:P ratio regulating soil microbial functional diversity in a temperate steppe: A regional scale study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42, 445-450
Mühlbachová Gabriela, Čermák Pavel, Vavera Radek, Káš Martin, Pechová Miroslava, Marková Kateřina, Hlušek Jaroslav, Lošák Tomáš (2018): Phosphorus Availability and Spring Barley Yields Under Graded P-Doses in a Pot Experiment. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 66, 111-118
Mi Junzhen, Gregorich Edward G., Xu Shengtao, McLaughlin Neil B., Liu Jinghui, Lupwayi Newton (2018): Effects of a one-time application of bentonite on soil enzymes in a semi-arid region. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 98, 542-555
Mobley H.L., Island M.D., Hausinger R.P. (1995): Molecular biology of microbial ureases. Microbiological Reviews, 59: 451–480.
Moghimian Negar, Hosseini Seyed Mohsen, Kooch Yahya, Darki Behrouz Zarei (2017): Impacts of changes in land use/cover on soil microbial and enzyme activities. CATENA, 157, 407-414
Niu Yao Fang, Chai Ru Shan, Jin Gu Lei, Wang Huan, Tang Cai Xian, Zhang Yong Song (2013): Responses of root architecture development to low phosphorus availability: a review. Annals of Botany, 112, 391-408
Olander L.P., Vitousek P.M. (2000): Regulation of soil phosphatase and chitinase activity by N and P availability. Biogeochemistry, 49: 175–191.
Pospíšilová Lubica, Formanek Pavel, Kucerik Jiri, Liptaj Tibor, Losak Tomas, Martensson Anna (2011): Land use effects on carbon quality and soil biological properties in Eutric Cambisol. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science, 61, 661-669
Powlson D.S., Gregory P.J., Whalley W.R., Quinton J.N., Hopkins D.W., Whitmore A.P., Hirsch P.R., Goulding K.W.T. (2011): Soil management in relation to sustainable agriculture and ecosystem services. Food Policy, 36, S72-S87
Schilling Günther, Gransee Andreas, Deuhel Annette, Ležoviž Grit, Ruppel Silke (1998): Phosphorus availability, root exudates, and microbial activity in the rhizosphere. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde, 161, 465-478
Shen Jianbo, Yuan Lixing, Zhang Junling, Li Haigang, Bai Zhaohai, Chen Xinping, Zhang Weifeng, Zhang Fusuo (2011): Phosphorus Dynamics: From Soil to Plant. Plant Physiology, 156, 997-1005
Spohn Marie, Kuzyakov Yakov (2013): Distribution of microbial- and root-derived phosphatase activities in the rhizosphere depending on P availability and C allocation – Coupling soil zymography with 14C imaging. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 67, 106-113
Wu H. (2013): Study on the Cultivation Techniques of Sweet Sorghum in the Saline Soil of Yellow River Delta. Ji’nan, Shandong Normal University.
Yang Jae E., Jacobsen Jeffrey S. (1990): Soil Inorganic Phosphorus Fractions and Their Uptake Relationships in Calcareous Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 54, 1666-
Zhang Lin, Ding Xiaodong, Chen Sanfeng, He Xinhua, Zhang Fusuo, Feng Gu (2014): Reducing carbon: phosphorus ratio can enhance microbial phytin mineralization and lessen competition with maize for phosphorus. Journal of Plant Interactions, 9, 850-856
Zheng L., Huang Z., Huang C. (2015): The study of soil test and formula fertilization index system on sweet potato. Journal of Agriculture, 5: 19–24. (In Chinese)
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti