Experimental warming reduces fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency in a double rice cropping system

https://doi.org/10.17221/315/2019-PSECitation:Yang T., Zeng Y., Sun Y., Zhang J., Tan X., Zeng Y., Huang S., Pan X. (2019): Experimental warming reduces fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency in a double rice cropping system. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 483-489.
download PDF

Climate warming significantly affects nitrogen (N) cycling, while its effects on the use efficiency of fertilizer N are still unclear in agroecosystems. In the present study, we examined for the first time the response of fertilizer N use efficiency to experimental warming using 15N labeling with a free-air temperature increase facility (infrared heaters) in a double rice cropping system. 15N-urea was applied in micro-plots to trace the uptake and loss of fertilizer N. Results showed that moderate warming (i.e. an increase of 1.4°C and 2.1°C in canopy temperature for early and late rice, respectively) did not significantly affect grain yield and biomass. Warming significantly reduced N uptake from fertilizer for both early and late rice, while increased N uptake from soil. The N recovery rate of fertilizer was reduced from 35.5% in the control and to 32.3% in the warming treatments for early rice and from 47.2% to 43.1% for late rice, respectively. Warming did not affect fertilizer N loss rate in the early rice season, whereas significantly increased it from 38.9% in the control and to 42.7% in the warming treatments in the late rice season, respectively. Therefore, we suggest that climate warming may reduce fertilizer N use efficiency and increase N losses to the environment in the rice paddy.

Bai E., Li S.L., Xu W.H., Li W., Dai W.W., Jiang P. (2013): A meta-analysis of experimental warming effects on terrestrial nitrogen pools and dynamics. New Phytologist, 199: 431–440. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12252
Cai C., Yin X.Y., He S.Q., Jiang W.Y., Si C.F., Struik P.C., Luo W.H., Li G., Xie Y.T., Xiong Y., Pan G.X. (2016): Responses of wheat and rice to factorial combinations of ambient and elevated CO2 and temperature in FACE experiments. Global Change Biology, 22: 856–874. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13065
Chen G., Chen Y., Zhao G.H., Cheng W.D., Guo S.W., Zhang H.L., Shi W.M. (2015): Do high nitrogen use efficiency rice cultivars reduce nitrogen losses from paddy fields? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 209: 26–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.03.003
Chen J., Chen C.G., Tian Y.L., Zhang X., Dong W.J., Zhang B., Zhang J., Zheng C.Y., Deng A.X., Song Z.W., Peng C.R., Zhang W.J. (2017): Differences in the impacts of nighttime warming on crop growth of rice-based cropping systems under field conditions. European Journal of Agronomy, 82: 80–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2016.10.006
Chen X.P., Cui Z.L., Fan M.S., Vitousek P., Zhao M., Ma W.Q., Wang Z.L., Zhang W.J., Yan X.Y., Yang J.C., Deng X.P., Gao Q., Zhang Q., Guo S.W., Ren J., Li S.Q., Ye Y.L., Wang Z.H., Huang J.L., Tang Q.Y., Sun Y.X., Peng X.L., Zhang J.W., He M.R., Zhu Y.J., Xue J.Q., Wang G.L., Wu L., An N., Wu L.Q., Ma L., Zhang W.F., Zhang F.S. (2014): Producing more grain with lower environmental costs. Nature, 514: 486–489. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13609
Cui S.Y., Xue J.F., Chen F., Tang W.G., Zhang H.L., Lal A. (2014): Tillage effects on nitrogen leaching and nitrous oxide emission from double-cropped paddy fields. Agronomy Journal, 106: 15–23. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2013.0185
Davidson E.A., Janssens I.A. (2006): Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature, 440: 165–173. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04514
Dong W.J., Chen J., Zhang B., Tian Y.L., Zhang W.J. (2011): Responses of biomass growth and grain yield of midseason rice to the anticipated warming with FATI facility in East China. Field Crops Research, 123: 259–265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.05.024
Gardner J.B., Drinkwater L.E. (2009): The fate of nitrogen in grain cropping systems: A meta-analysis of 15N field experiments. Ecological Applications, 19: 2167–2184. https://doi.org/10.1890/08-1122.1
Greaver T.L., Clark C.M., Compton J.E., Vallano D., Talhelm A.F., Weaver C.P., Band L.E., Baron J.S., Davidson E.A., Tague C.L., Felker-Quinn E., Lynch J.A., Herrick J.D., Liu L., Goodale C.L., Novak K.J., Haeuber R.A. (2016): Key ecological responses to nitrogen are altered by climate change. Nature Climate Change, 6: 836–843. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3088
Hou R.X., Xu X.L., Ouyang Z. (2018): Effect of experimental warming on nitrogen uptake by winter wheat under conventional tillage versus no-till systems. Soil and Tillage Research, 180: 116–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2018.03.006
Huang M., Yang L., Qin H.D., Jiang L.G., Zou Y.B. (2014): Fertilizer nitrogen uptake by rice increased by biochar application. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 50: 997–1000. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-014-0908-9
Huang M., Zhou X.F., Xie X.B., Zhao C., Chen J., Cao F., Zou Y. (2016): Rice yield and the fate of fertilizer nitrogen as affected by addition of earthworm casts collected from oilseed rape fields: A pot experiment. PloS One, 11: e0167152. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167152
IPCC (2018): Summary for policymakers. In: Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the Impacts of Global Warming of 1.5°C above Pre-industrial Levels and Related Global Greenhouse Gas Emission Pathways, in the Context of Strengthening the Global Response to the Threat of Climate Change, Sustainable Development, and Efforts to Eradicate Poverty. (In Press)
IUSS Working Group, WRB (2006): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2006. 2nd Edition. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization.
Ju X.T., Xing G.X., Chen X.P., Zhang S.L., Zhang L.J., Liu X.J., Cui Z.L., Yin B., Christie P., Zhu Z.L., Zhang F.S. (2009): Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106: 3041–3046. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0813417106
Junk G., Svec H.J. (1958): The absolute abundance of nitrogen isotopes in the atmosphere and compressed gas from various sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 14: 234–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(58)90082-6
Ke J., Xing X.M., Li G.H., Ding Y.F., Dou F.G., Wang S.H., Liu Z.H., Tang S., Ding C.Q., Chen L. (2017): Effects of different controlled-release nitrogen fertilisers on ammonia volatilisation, nitrogen use efficiency and yield of blanket-seedling machine-transplanted rice. Field Crops Research, 205: 147–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2016.12.027
Kim H.Y., Lim S.S., Kwak J.H., Lee D.S., Lee S.M., Ro H.M., Choi W.J. (2011): Dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in rice (Oryza sativa L.) exposed to experimental warming with elevated CO2. Plant and Soil, 342: 59–71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0665-y
Kuypers M.M.M., Marchant H.K., Kartal B. (2018): The microbial nitrogen-cycling network. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 16: 263–276. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro.2018.9
Lim S.S., Kwak J.H., Lee D.S., Lee S.I., Park H.J., Kim H.Y., Nam H.S., Cho K.M., Choi W.J. (2009): Ammonia volatilization from rice paddy soils fertilized with 15N-urea under elevated CO2 and temperature. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 28: 233–237. https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2009.28.3.233
Lobell D.B., Schlenker W., Costa-Roberts J. (2011): Climate trends and global crop production since 1980. Science, 333: 616–620. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1204531
Miller K.S., Geisseler D. (2018): Temperature sensitivity of nitrogen mineralization in agricultural soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 54: 853–860. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-018-1309-2
Nam H.S., Kwak J.H., Lim S.S., Choi W.J., Lee S.I., Lee D.S., Lee K.S., Kim H.Y., Lee S.M., Matsushima M. (2013): Fertilizer N uptake of paddy rice in two soils with different fertility under experimental warming with elevated CO2. Plant and Soil, 369: 563–575. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-013-1598-z
Pansu M., Gautheyrou J. (2006): Handbook of Soil Analysis: Mineralogical, Organic and Inorganic Methods. Berlin, Springer.
Rahman M.K., Parsons J.W. (1999): Uptake of 15N by wetland rice in response to application of 15N-labelled Sesbania rostrata and urea. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 29: 69–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003740050526
Rehmani M.I.A.R., Wei G.B., Hussain N., Ding C.Q., Li G.H., Liu Z.H., Wang S.H., Ding Y.F. (2014): Yield and quality responses of two indica rice hybrids to post-anthesis asymmetric day and night open-field warming in lower reaches of Yangtze River delta. Field Crops Research, 156: 231–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2013.09.019
Sakai H., Yagi K., Kobayashi K., Kawashima S. (2001): Rice carbon balance under elevated CO2. New Phytologist, 150: 241–249. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00105.x
Van Gestel N., Shi Z., van Groenigen K.J., Osenberg C.W., Andresen L.C., Dukes J.S., Hovenden M.J., Luo Y.Q., Michelsen A., Pendall E., Reich P.B., Schuur E.A.G., Hungate B.A. (2018): Predicting soil carbon loss with warming. Nature, 554: 104–108. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25745
Verburg P.S.J. (2005): Soil solution and extractable soil nitrogen response to climate change in two boreal forest ecosystems. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 41: 257–261. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-005-0831-1
Wang H.Y., Zhang D., Zhang Y.T., Zhai L.M., Yin B., Zhou F., Geng Y.C., Pan J.T., Luo J.F., Gu B.J., Liu H.B. (2018a): Ammonia emissions from paddy fields are underestimated in China. Environmental Pollution, 235: 482–488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.12.103
Wang J.Q., Li L.Q., Lam S.K., Zhang X.H., Liu X.Y., Pan G.X. (2018b): Changes in nutrient uptake and utilization by rice under simulated climate change conditions: A 2-year experiment in a paddy field. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 250–251: 202–208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.12.254
Wang X.X., Dong S.K., Gao Q.Z., Zhou H.K., Liu S.L., Su X.K., Li Y.Y. (2014): Effects of short-term and long-term warming on soil nutrients, microbial biomass and enzyme activities in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 76: 140–142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.05.014
White J.W., Hoogenboom G., Kimball B.A., Wall G.W. (2011): Methodologies for simulating impacts of climate change on crop production. Field Crops Research, 124: 357–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.07.001
Xia L.L., Lam S.K., Chen D.L., Wang J.Y., Tang Q., Yan X.Y. (2017): Can knowledge-based N management produce more staple grain with lower greenhouse gas emission and reactive nitrogen pollution? A meta-analysis. Global Change Biology, 23: 1917–1925. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13455
Yang T.T., Hu Q.X., Huang S., Zeng Y.H., Tan X.M., Zeng Y.J., Pan X.H., Shi Q.H., Zhang J. (2018): Response of yield and quality of double-cropping high-quality rice cultivars under free-air temperature increasing. Chinese Journal of Rice Science, 32: 572–580. (In Chinese)
Yao Y.L., Zhang M., Tian Y.H., Zhao M., Zhang B.W., Zhao M., Zeng K., Yin B. (2018): Urea deep placement for minimizing NH3 loss in an intensive rice cropping system. Field Crops Research, 218: 254–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2017.03.013
Zhao C., Liu B., Piao S.L., Wang X.H., Lobell D.B., Huang Y., Huang M.T., Yao Y.T., Bassu S., Ciais P., Durand J.-L., Elliott J., Ewert F., Janssens I.A., Li T., Lin E.D., Liu Q., Martre P., Müller C., Peng S.S., Peñuelas J., Ruane A.C., Wallach D., Wang T., Wu D.H., Liu Z., Zhu Y., Zhu Z.C., Asseng S. (2017): Temperature increase reduces global yields of major crops in four independent estimates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114: 9326–9331. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1701762114
Zhao X., Yan X.Y., Xie Y.X., Wang S.Q., Xing G.X., Zhu Z.L. (2016): Use of nitrogen isotope to determine fertilizer- and soil-derived ammonia volatilization in a rice/wheat rotation system. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64: 3017–3024. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.5b05898
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences