Silver nanoparticles improve growth and protect against oxidative damage in eggplant seedlings under drought stress

https://doi.org/10.17221/323/2021-PSECitation:

Alabdallah N.M., Hasan M.M., Salih A.M., Roushdy S.S., Al-Shammari A.A., Alsanie S.I., El-Zaidy M. (2021): Silver nanoparticles improve growth and protect against oxidative damage in eggplant seedlings under drought stress. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 617–624.

 

download PDF

Drought stress is a significant abiotic stressor that has a negative impact on crop production and global food security systems. Drought stress was applied to eggplant seedlings with various field capacities (FC), 80% FC as control, 50% FC, 35% FC, and 20% FC. AgNPs were synthesised from green chemical methods, whereas different concentrations of AgNPs (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 µmol) were applied exogenously on drought-stressed eggplants. Drought stress decreased the growth parameters (plant height, fresh mass, dry mass, leaf area), photosynthetic pigments (Chl a, Chl b, carotenoids), and protein content while increased the proline, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and activity of the antioxidant enzymes, i.e., superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). AgNPs restricted proline accumulation and reduced H2O2, MDA content by upregulating the antioxidant enzymes. Overall, the current study’s findings indicated that AgNPs are an effective eco-friendly and low-cost application for plant growth under drought stress, with the potential to mitigate the impact of drought on plants.

References:
Alabdallah N.M., Alzahrani H.S. (2020): The potential mitigation effect of ZnO nanoparticles on [Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench] metabolism under salt stress conditions. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 27: 3132–3137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2020.08.005
 
Alabdallah N.M., Hasan Md.M. (2021): Plant-based green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its effective role in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 28: 5631–5639. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.05.081
 
Ahmed S., Saifullah, Ahmad M., Swami B.L., Ikram S. (2016): Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Azadirachta indica aqueous leaf extract. Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences, 9: 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrras.2015.06.006
 
Anjum S.A., Ashraf U., Tanveer M., Khan I., Hussain S., Shahzad B., Zohaib A., Abbas F., Saleem M.F., Ali I., Wang L.C. (2017): Drought induced changes in growth, osmolyte accumulation and antioxidant metabolism of three maize hybrids. Frontier in Plant Science, 8: 69. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00069
 
Arnon D.I. (1949): Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 24: 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.24.1.1
 
Bradford M.M. (1976): A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry, 72: 248–254. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(76)90527-3
 
Bates L.S., Waldren R.P., Teare I.D. (1973): Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39: 205–207. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00018060
 
Bar H., Bhui D.Kr., Sahoo G.P., Sarkar P., De S.P., Misra A. (2009): Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using latex of Jatropha curcas. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 339: 134–139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.02.008
 
Dimkpa C.O., Singh U., Bindraban P.S., Elmer W.H., Gardea-Torresdey J.L., White J.C. (2019): Zinc oxide nanoparticles alleviate drought-induced alterations in sorghum performance, nutrient acquisition, and grain fortification. Science of the Total Environment. 688: 926–934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.392
 
Hasan Md.M., Skalický M., Jahan M.S., Hossain Md.N., Anwar Z., Nie Z.F., Alabdallah N.M., Brestič M., Hejnák V., Fang X.W. (2021): Spermine: its emerging role in regulating drought stress responses in plants. Cells, 10: 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells10020261
 
Hasan Md.M., Ali Md.A., Soliman M.H., Alqarawi A.A., Abd Allah E.F., Fang X.W. (2020): Insights into 28-homobrassinolide (HBR)-mediated redox homeostasis, AsA-GSH cycle, and methylglyoxal detoxification in soybean under drought-induced oxidative stress. Journal of Plant Interactions, 15: 371–385. https://doi.org/10.1080/17429145.2020.1832267
 
Hasan M.M., Alharby H.F., Hajar A.S., Hakeem K.R., Alzahrani Y. (2018): Effects of magnetized water on phenolic compounds, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activity of Moringa species under drought stress. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 28: 803–810.
 
Heath R.L., Packer L. (1968): Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplasts: I. Kinetics and stoichiometry of fatty acid peroxidation. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 125: 189–198.
 
Karam F., Saliba R., Skaf S., Breidy J., Rouphael Y., Balendonck J. (2011): Yield and water use of eggplants (Solanum melongena L.) under full and deficit irrigation regimes. Agricultural and Water Management, 98: 1307–1316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2011.03.012
 
Khan A., Anwar Y., Hasan Md.M., Iqbal A., Ali M., Alharby H.F., Hakeem K.R., Hasanuzzaman M. (2017): Attenuation of drought stress in Brassica seedlings with exogenous application of Ca2+ and H2O2. Plants (Basel), 6: 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6020020
 
Mohamed A.K.S.H., Qayyum M.F., Abdel-Hadi A.M., Rehman R.A., Ali S., Rizwan M. (2017): Interactive effect of salinity and silver nanoparticles on photosynthetic and biochemical parameters of wheat. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 63: 1736–1747. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2017.1300256
 
Mukherjee S.P., Choudhuri M.A. (1983): Implications of water stress-induced changes in the levels of endogenous ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide in Vigna seedlings. Physiologia Plantarum, 58: 166–170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1983.tb04162.x
 
Nahar K., Rahman M., Hasanuzzaman M., Alam Md.M., Rahman A., Suzuki T., Fujita M. (2016): Physiological and biochemical mechanisms of spermine-induced cadmium stress tolerance in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seedlings. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 23: 21206–21218. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7295-8
 
Sairam R.K., Deshmukh P.S., Saxena D.C. (1998): Role of antioxidant systems in wheat genotypes tolerance to water stress. Biologia Plantarum, 41: 387–394. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1001898310321
 
Semida W.M., Abdelkhalik A., Mohamed G.F., Abd El-Mageed T.A., Abd El-Mageed S.A., Rady M.M., Ali E.F. (2021): Foliar application of zinc oxide nanoparticles promotes drought stress tolerance in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Plants, 10: 421. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020421
 
Sharma P., Jha A.B., Dubey R.S., Pessarakli M. (2012): Reactive oxygen species, oxidative damage, and antioxidative defense mechanism in plants under stressful conditions. Journal of Botany, 2012: 217037. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/217037
 
Vannini C., Domingo G., Onelli E., De Mattia F., Bruni I., Marsoni M., Bracale M. (2014): Phytotoxic and genotoxic effects of silver nanoparticles exposure on germinating wheat seedlings. Journal of Plant Physiology, 171: 1142–1148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2014.05.002
 
Wahid I., Kumari S., Ahmad R., Hussain S.J., Alamri S., Siddiqui M.H., Khan M.I.R. (2020): Silver nanoparticle regulates salt tolerance in wheat through changes in ABA concentration, ion homeostasis, and defense systems. Biomolecules, 10: 1506. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10111506
 
Wang L.N., Yang L.M., Yang F.J., Li X.G., Song Y.P., Wang X.F., Hu X.Y. (2010): Involvements of H2O2 and metallothionein in NO-mediated tomato tolerance to copper toxicity. Journal of Plant Physiology, 167: 1298–1306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2010.04.007
 
Wakchaure G.C., Minhas P.S., Meena K.K., Kumar S., Rane J. (2020): Effect of plant growth regulators and deficit irrigation on canopy traits, yield, water productivity and fruit quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) grown in the water scarce environment. Journal of Environmental Management, 262: 110320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110320
 
Yu C.W., Murphy T.M., Lin C.H. (2003): Hydrogen peroxide-induces chilling tolerance in mung beans mediated through ABA-independent glutathione accumulation. Functional Plant Biology, 30: 955–963. https://doi.org/10.1071/FP03091
 
Yan A., Chen Z. (2019): Impacts of silver nanoparticles on plants: a focus on the phytotoxicity and underlying mechanism. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20: 1003. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20051003
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti