Luxury transpiration of winter wheat and its responses to deficit irrigation in North China Plain

https://doi.org/10.17221/331/2018-PSECitation:Liang Y., Gao Y., Wang G., Si Z., Shen X., Duan A. (2018): Luxury transpiration of winter wheat and its responses to deficit irrigation in North China Plain. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 361-366.
download PDF

Reducing crop luxury transpiration is an important step in improving water productivity; water shortage regions are potential hotspots for studying physiological water conservation. This study investigated the amount of luxury transpiration in winter wheat and its responses to different irrigation treatments in North China Plain. The results showed that luxury transpiration existed and increased with growth of winter wheat and after rainfall. In each sampling day, the amount of luxury transpiration under full irrigation was significantly higher than that under deficit irrigation. The average amount of luxury transpiration was 258.87 g/m2 under full irrigation, and 125.18 g/m2 under deficit irrigation during the experimental period. Although the amount of luxury transpiration was 2.09-fold higher under full irrigation than that in deficit irrigation, the water loss ratio due to luxury transpiration in deficit irrigation (8.13%) was significantly higher than that in full irrigation (6.75%). Furthermore, the ratio between luxury transpiration amount and crop daily transpiration was revealed in all sampling dates. Therefore, deficit irrigation should be generalized in the water shortage area, because it can save irrigation water and reduce the amount of luxury transpiration. Full irrigation should be carried out in the water abundant region mainly for higher production.

References:
Ayeneh A, van Ginkel M, Reynolds M.P, Ammar K (2002): Comparison of leaf, spike, peduncle and canopy temperature depression in wheat under heat stress. Field Crops Research, 79, 173-184  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00138-7
 
Bemis Bryan E., Spero Howard J., Bijma Jelle, Lea David W. (1998): Reevaluation of the oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera: Experimental results and revised paleotemperature equations. Paleoceanography, 13, 150-160  https://doi.org/10.1029/98PA00070
 
Changhai S., Baodi D., Yunzhou Q., Yuxin L., Lei S., Mengyu L., Haipei L. (2010): Physiological regulation of high transpiration efficiency in winter wheat under drought conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 56, 340-347  https://doi.org/10.17221/220/2009-PSE
 
Collins Alex R., Burton Andrew J., Cavaleri Molly A. (2018): Effects of Experimental Soil Warming and Water Addition on the Transpiration of Mature Sugar Maple. Ecosystems, 21, 98-111  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-017-0137-9
 
Gao Yang, Yang Linlin, Shen Xiaojun, Li Xinqiang, Sun Jingsheng, Duan Aiwang, Wu Laosheng (2014): Winter wheat with subsurface drip irrigation (SDI): Crop coefficients, water-use estimates, and effects of SDI on grain yield and water use efficiency. Agricultural Water Management, 146, 1-10  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2014.07.010
 
Gong X.W., Liu H., Sun J.S., Ma X.J., Wang W.N., Cui Y.S. (2017): Modeling evapotranspiration of greenhouse tomato under different water conditions based on the dual crop coefficient method. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 28: 1255–1264. (In Chinese)
 
Jha Shiva K., Gao Yang, Liu Hao, Huang Zhongdong, Wang Guangshuai, Liang Yueping, Duan Aiwang (2017): Root development and water uptake in winter wheat under different irrigation methods and scheduling for North China. Agricultural Water Management, 182, 139-150  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.12.015
 
JI Shasha, TONG Ling, LI Fusheng, LU Hongna, LI Sien, DU Taisheng, WU Youjie (2017): Effect of a new antitranspirant on the physiology and water use efficiency of soybean under different irrigation rates in an arid region. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 4, 155-  https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FASE-2017148
 
Kaman Harun, Kirda Cevat, Cetin Mahmut, Topcu Sevilay (2006): Salt accumulation in the root zones of tomato and cotton irrigated with partial root-drying technique. Irrigation and Drainage, 55, 533-544  https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.276
 
Kang Shaozhong, Liang Zongsuo, Pan Yinhua, Shi Peize, Zhang Jianhua (2000): Alternate furrow irrigation for maize production in an arid area. Agricultural Water Management, 45, 267-274  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(00)00072-X
 
Kang Shaozhong, Hao Xinmei, Du Taisheng, Tong Ling, Su Xiaoling, Lu Hongna, Li Xiaolin, Huo Zailin, Li Sien, Ding Risheng (2017): Improving agricultural water productivity to ensure food security in China under changing environment: From research to practice. Agricultural Water Management, 179, 5-17  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.05.007
 
Kang S. (2004): Controlled alternate partial root-zone irrigation: its physiological consequences and impact on water use efficiency. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2437-2446  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh249
 
Pallardy S.G. (2008): Physiology of Woody Plants. Cambridge, Academic Press, 325–366.
 
Pereira Luis S., Cordery Ian, Iacovides Iacovos (2012): Improved indicators of water use performance and productivity for sustainable water conservation and saving. Agricultural Water Management, 108, 39-51  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2011.08.022
 
Perry Chris, Steduto Pasquale, Allen Richard. G., Burt Charles M. (2009): Increasing productivity in irrigated agriculture: Agronomic constraints and hydrological realities. Agricultural Water Management, 96, 1517-1524  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.05.005
 
Reddy Bharath K., Angira Brijesh, Blaser Brock C., Stewart B.A. (2015): Transpiration Efficiency of Grain Sorghum and Maize under Different Planting Geometries. Journal of Crop Improvement, 29, 619-635  https://doi.org/10.1080/15427528.2015.1071299
 
Sushil Thapa, Bob A Stewart, Qingwu Xue (2017): Grain sorghum transpiration efficiency at different growth stages  . Plant, Soil and Environment, 63, 70-75  https://doi.org/10.17221/796/2016-PSE
 
Wang Guangshuai, Liang Yueping, Zhang Qian, Jha Shiva K., Gao Yang, Shen Xiaojun, Sun Jingsheng, Duan Aiwang (2016): Mitigated CH 4 and N 2 O emissions and improved irrigation water use efficiency in winter wheat field with surface drip irrigation in the North China Plain. Agricultural Water Management, 163, 403-407  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2015.10.012
 
Wang H.X., Liu C.M. (2003): Experimental study on crop photosynthesis, transpiration and high efficient water use. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 14: 1632–1636. (In Chinese)
 
Yang W.W., Zhang X.P., Wang H.Y. (2006): Study on Robinia pseudoscacia L. transpiration, photosynthesis and water use efficiency. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 13: 72–75. (In Chinese)
 
Zhang Xiying, Chen Suying, Sun Hongyong, Shao Liwei, Wang Yanzhe (2011): Changes in evapotranspiration over irrigated winter wheat and maize in North China Plain over three decades. Agricultural Water Management, 98, 1097-1104  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2011.02.003
 
Zhou X.B., Chen Y.H., Ouyang Z. (2011): Effects of row spacing on soil water and water consumption of winter wheat under irrigated and rainfed conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 57, 115-121  https://doi.org/10.17221/130/2010-PSE
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences