Effect of nitrogen and magnesium sulfate application on sugar beet yield and quality


Pogłodziński R., Barłóg P., Grzebisz W. (2021): Effect of nitrogen and magnesium sulfate application on sugar beet yield and quality. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 507–513.


download PDF

Adequate nutrition of sugar beet with magnesium (Mg) and sulfur (S) has been assumed to be the key to increase fertiliser nitrogen (N) efficiency. This hypothesis was validated on two soils differing in textural class, i.e., sandy and loamy. The experiment consisted of three factors: (1) in-soil application of Kieserite (0, 24 kg Mg/ha); (2) foliar application of Epsom salt (0.2 kg Mg/ha); (3) N rates (0, 40, 80, 120, 160 and 200 kg N/ha). The following parameters were evaluated: (i) yield of storage roots (TY); (ii) qualitative features of storage roots, and (iii) yield of white sugar (WSY). Both yield characteristics, regardless on soil, were affected to a greater extent by in-soil than foliar MgS application. The highest increments of TY and WSY were obtained in 2016, a year with fewer favourable weather conditions and in soil with a wider Ca : Mg ratio. The greatest effect of Kieserite on TY and WSY was observed under low rates of applied N (up to 80 kg/ha). It can be concluded that the right nutrition of sugar beet with MgS in the early stages of sugar beet growth is the prerequisite of an effective N management on soils rich in mineral N.


Barłóg P., Grzebisz W. (2001): Effect of magnesium foliar application on the yield and quality of sugar beet roots. Rostlinná Výroba, 47: 418–422.
Barłóg P. (2016): Diagnosis of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L) nutrient imbalance by DRIS and CND-clr method at two stages during early growth. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 39: 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2014.964366
Buchholz K., Märländer B., Puke H., Glattkowski H., Thielecke K. (1995): Neubewertung des technischen Wertes von Zuckerrüben. Zuckerindustrie, 120: 113–121.
Cakmak I., Kirkby E.A. (2008): Role of magnesium in carbon partitioning and alleviating photooxidative damage. Physiologia Plantarum, 133: 692–704. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2007.01042.x
COBORU (2021): Descriptive List of Agricultural Plant Varieties. Sugar Beet. Słupia Wielka, Research Centre for Cultivar Testing. COBO 24/2020 No. 400. (In Polish)
Gransee A., Führs H. (2013): Magnesium mobility in soils as a challenge for soil and plant analysis, magnesium fertilization and root uptake under adverse growth conditions. Plant and Soil, 368: 5–21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1567-y
Grzebisz W. (2013): Crop response to magnesium fertilization as affected by nitrogen supply. Plant and Soil, 368: 23–39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1574-z
GUS (2021): Central Statistical Office. Warsaw, Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland. (accessed on 18. 5. 2021)
Hergert G.W. (2010): Sugar beet fertilization. Sugar Technology, 12: 256–266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12355-010-0037-1
Hermans C., Bourgis F., Faucher M., Strasser R.J., Delrot S., Verbruggen N. (2005): Magnesium deficiency in sugar beets alters sugar partitioning and phloem loading in young mature leaves. Planta, 220: 541–549. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-004-1376-5
Hoffmann C.M., Stockfisch N., Koch H.-J. (2004): Influence of sulphur supply on yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) – determination of a threshold value. European Journal of Agronomy, 21: 69–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(03)00088-1
Kenter C., Hoffmann C.M., Märländer B. (2006): Effects of weather variables on sugar beet yield development (Beta vulgaris L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 24: 62–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2005.05.001
Kęsik K., Jadczyszyn T., Lipiński W., Jurga B. (2015): Adaptation of the Mehlich 3 procedure for routine determination of phosphorus, potassium and magnesium in soil. Przemysł Chemiczny, 94: 973–976. (In Polish)
Märländer B., Hoffmann C.M., Koch H.-J., Ladewig E., Merkes R., Petersen J., Stockfisch N. (2003): Environmental situation and yield performance of sugar beet crop in Germany: heading for sustainable development. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 189: 201–226. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-037X.2003.00035.x
Orlovius K., McHoul J. (2015): Effect of two magnesium fertilizers on leaf magnesium concentration, yield, and quality of potato and sugar beet. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 38: 2044–2054. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2014.958167
Senbayram M., Gransee A., Wahle V., Thiel H. (2015): Role of magnesium fertilisers in agriculture: plant-soil continuum. Crop and Pasture Science, 66: 1219–1229. https://doi.org/10.1071/CP15104
USDA (2021): Sugar: World Markets and Trade. Washington, United States Department of Agriculture. (accessed 28. 6. 2021).
Wang Z., Ul Hassan M., Nadeem F., Wu L.Q., Zhang F.S., Li X.X. (2020): Magnesium fertilization improves crop yield in most production systems: a meta-analysis. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 1727. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01727
WRB (2015): World reference base for soil resources 2014. In: Word Soil Resources Reports, No. 106. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3794e.pdf (accessed on 19. 03. 2021)
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti