Effects of pre-preceding leguminous crops on yield and chemical composition of winter wheat grain
The after-effects of pre-preceding crops (second year), i.e. legumes and spring wheat, and nitrogen fertilization rate (0, 60, 120 and 180 kg N/ha) on the yield and chemical composition of winter wheat grain were analysed in a field experiment conducted in 2013–2015. Winter wheat was characterized by higher yield when sown after blue lupine (increase of 0.23 t/ha) and faba beans with a determinate growth habit (increase of 0.37 t/ha) than after spring wheat. Grain yield increased significantly with a rise in nitrogen fertilization rate (by 2.03, 3.47 and 4.02 t/ha, respectively). The species of pre-preceding crops had no significant effect on the phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium content of winter wheat grain. Winter wheat grown after faba beans with an indeterminate growth habit was most abundant in nitrogen. The applied nitrogen fertilizer rates did not modify the concentrations of phosphorus, magnesium and calcium in winter wheat grain. The nitrogen content of grain increased significantly with a rise in nitrogen fertilization rates. A significant increase in manganese and zinc levels was observed when spring wheat was the pre-preceding crop and the iron content of grain increased significantly when winter wheat was grown after peas and blue lupine.
Campillo Ricardo, Jobet Claudio, Undurraga Pablo (2010): Effects of Nitrogen on Productivity, Grain Quality, and Optimal Nitrogen Rates in Winter Wheat cv. Kumpa-INIA in Andisols of Southern Chile. Chilean journal of agricultural research, 70, - https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392010000100013
Dogan R., Bilgili U. (2010): Effects of previous crop and N-fertilization or seed yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under rain-fed Mediterranean conditions. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 16: 733–739.
Fordoński G., Pszczółkowska A., Okorski A., Olszewski J., Załuski D., Gorzkowska A. (2016): The yield and chemical composition of winter oilseed rape seeds depending on different nitrogen fertilization rates and the preceding crop. Journal of Elementology, 21: 1225–1234.
Houšť Martin, Procházková Blanka, Hledík Pavel (2012): Effect of different tillage intensity on yields and yield-forming factors in winter wheat. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 60, 89-96 https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201260050089
Johansson Eva, Prieto-Linde Maria Luisa, Jönsson Jan Ö. (2001): Effects of Wheat Cultivar and Nitrogen Application on Storage Protein Composition and Breadmaking Quality. Cereal Chemistry Journal, 78, 19-25 https://doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM.2001.78.1.19
Klikocka H., Cybulska M., Barczak B., Narolski B., Szostak B., Kobiałka A., Nowak A., Wójcik E. (2016): The effect of sulphur and nitrogen fertilization on grain yield and technological quality of spring wheat. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 230-236 https://doi.org/10.17221/18/2016-PSE
Kozak M., Kotecki A. (2006): The residual effect of common pea cultivars on growth and yielding of winter wheat. Part III Growth and yielding of winter wheat. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego we Wrocławiu, 546: 159–174. (In Polish)
Kutman Umit Baris, Yildiz Bahar, Cakmak Ismail (2011): Effect of nitrogen on uptake, remobilization and partitioning of zinc and iron throughout the development of durum wheat. Plant and Soil, 342, 149-164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0679-5
Lehocká Z., Klimeková M. (2009): Yields and selected quality parameters of winter wheat (Triticum estivum L.) in organic cropping system as affected by forecrops in the years 2006–2008. Agricultura – Stiinta si Practica, 69–701: 13–18.
Litke L., Gaile Z., Ruža A. (2018): Effect of nitrogen fertilization of winter wheat yield and yield quality. Agronomy Research, 16: 500–509.
Nogalska Anna, Sienkiewicz Stanisław, Czapla Jerzy, Skwierawska Małgorzata (2012): The effect of multi-component fertilizers on the yield and mineral composition of winter wheat and macronutrient uptake. Journal of Elemntology, , - https://doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2012.17.4.06
Podolska G., Krasowicz S., Sułek A. (2005): Economic and quality evaluation of winter wheat cultivation in relation to different nitrogen fertilization levels. Pamiętnik Puławski, 139: 175–188. (In Polish)
Prusinski J., Borowska M., Kaszkowiak E., Olszak G. (2016): The after-effect of chosen Fabaceae forecrops on the yield of grain and protein in winter triticale (Triticosecale sp. Wittmack ex A. Camus 1927) fertilized with mineral nitrogen . Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 571-576 https://doi.org/10.17221/463/2016-PSE
Sugár Eszter, Berzsenyi Zoltán, Árendás Tamás, Bónis Péter (2016): Effect of nitrogen fertilization and genotype on the yield and yield components of winter wheat. Die Bodenkultur: Journal of Land Management, Food and Environment, 67, 25-34 https://doi.org/10.1515/boku-2016-0003
Švančárková Mariana, Žák Štefan (2015): The grain quality of winter wheat in organic and conventional farming. Acta fytotechnica et zootechnica, 18, 22-24 https://doi.org/10.15414/afz.2015.18.si.22-24
Tayebeh A., Alemzadeh A., Kazemeini S.A. (2011): Wheat yield and grain protein response to nitrogen amount and timing. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5: 330–336.
Wojtkowiak K., Stępień A., Warechowska M., Markowska A. (2015): Effect of nitrogen fertilization method on the yield and quality of Milewo variety spring triticale grain. Polish Journal of Natural Science, 30: 173–184.