Sensitivity of sunflower cultivar PR63E82 to tribenuron and propaquizafop in different weather conditions

https://doi.org/10.17221/343/2018-PSECitation:Tichý L., Jursík M., Kolářová M., Hejnák V., Andr J., Martinková J. (2018): Sensitivity of sunflower cultivar PR63E82 to tribenuron and propaquizafop in different weather conditions. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 479-483.
download PDF

The aim of this work was to verify and assess the tolerance of the PR63E82 (ExpressSun) sunflower cultivar to tribenuron, propaquizafop and their tank-mix combination in two rates under various weather conditions. Three small-plot field trials were carried out on sunflower in Prague, Czech Republic, from 2015 to 2017. High phytotoxicity (25–56%) of tribenuron (TBM) + non-ionic surfactant was observed in 2015 and 2016 when the sunflower was sown in mid-April. In 2017, phytotoxicity was significantly lower (4–6%), probably due to a later sowing of sunflower (May), and hence higher temperatures. The main symptoms of TBM phytotoxicity were leaf chlorosis, necrosis and growth retardation. Propaquizafop (PQF) injury was minimal in 2015 and 2017. A higher phytotoxicity (10–13%) was recorded in 2016, probably due to a hail which occurred 2 days after T2 (second application term (sunflower BBCH 14)) application. Plant injury had puckered leaves and also made more side branches. TBM + PQF damaged sunflower plants most of the tested herbicide treatments (phytotoxicity 3–62%). High phytotoxicity caused stem branching, increased number of sunflower heads and decreased yield.

 

References:
Al-Khatib K., Miller J.F. (2000): Registration of four genetic stocks of sunflower resistant to imidazoline herbicides. Crop Science, 40: 869–870.
 
Bedmar Francisco (1997): Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) Control in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus), Soybean (Glycine max), and Potato (Solanum tuberosum) with Postemergence Graminicides. Weed Technology, 11, 683-688  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0890037X00043256
 
Daugovish Oleg, Thill Donald C., Shafii Bahman (2003): Modeling competition between wild oat (Avena fatua L.) and yellow mustard or canola. Weed Science, 51, 102-109  https://doi.org/10.1614/0043-1745(2003)051[0102:MCBWOA]2.0.CO;2
 
de la Vega Abelardo J., Hall Antonio J. (2002): Effects of Planting Date, Genotype, and Their Interactions on Sunflower Yield. Crop Science, 42, 1191-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2002.1191
 
Elezovic Igor, Datta Avishek, Vrbnicanin Sava, Glamoclija Djordje, Simic Milena, Malidza Goran, Knezevic Stevan Z. (2012): Yield and yield components of imidazolinone-resistant sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) are influenced by pre-emergence herbicide and time of post-emergence weed removal. Field Crops Research, 128, 137-146  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.020
 
ISAACS MARK A., WILSON HENRY P., TOLER JOE E. (2003): Combinations of Sethoxydim with Postemergence Broadleaf Herbicides in Sethoxydim-Resistant Corn (Zea mays) 1. Weed Technology, 17, 224-228  https://doi.org/10.1614/0890-037X(2003)017[0224:COSWPB]2.0.CO;2
 
Miroslav Jursík, Veronika Fendrychová, Michaela Kolářová, Jiří Andr, Josef Soukup (2017): Optimising Clearfield and ExpressSun sunflower technologies for Central European conditions. Plant Protection Science, 53, 265-272  https://doi.org/10.17221/2/2017-PPS
 
Jursík M., Soukup J., Holec J., Andr J., Hamouzová K. (2016): Efficacy and selectivity of pre-emergent sunflower herbicides under different soil moisture conditions. Plant Protection Science, 51, 214-222  https://doi.org/10.17221/82/2014-PPS
 
Kammler Kate J., Walters S. Alan, Young Bryan G. (2010): Effects of Adjuvants, Halosulfuron, and Grass Herbicides on Cucurbita spp. Injury and Grass Control. Weed Technology, 24, 147-152  https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-09-00015.1
 
Kolkman Judith M., Slabaugh Mary B., Bruniard Jose M., Berry Simon, Bushman B. Shaun, Olungu Christine, Maes Nele, Abratti Gustavo, Zambelli Andres, Miller Jerry F., Leon Alberto, Knapp Steven J. (2004): Acetohydroxyacid synthase mutations conferring resistance to imidazolinone or sulfonylurea herbicides in sunflower. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 109, 1147-1159  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-004-1716-7
 
Kováčik A. (1997): Biology and Technology of Sunflower Growing. Prague. Institute of Agricultural and Food Information. (In Czech)
 
Mangin Brigitte, Bonnafous Fanny, Blanchet Nicolas, Boniface Marie-Claude, Bret-Mestries Emmanuelle, Carrère Sébastien, Cottret Ludovic, Legrand Ludovic, Marage Gwenola, Pegot-Espagnet Prune, Munos Stéphane, Pouilly Nicolas, Vear Felicity, Vincourt Patrick, Langlade Nicolas B. (2017): Genomic Prediction of Sunflower Hybrids Oil Content. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, -  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01633
 
MATZENBACHER F. O., KALSING A., DALAZEN G., MARKUS C., MEROTTO JR A. (2015): ANTAGONISM IS THE PREDOMINANT EFFECT OF HERBICIDE MIXTURES USED FOR IMIDAZOLINONE-RESISTANT BARNYARDGRASS (Echinochloa crus-galli) CONTROL. Planta Daninha, 33, 587-597  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582015000300021
 
Matzenbacher F.O., Vidal R.A., Merotto Jr. A, Trezzi M.M. (2014): Environmental and physiological factors that affect the efficacy of herbicides that inhibit the enzyme protoporphyrinogen oxidase: a literature review. Planta Daninha, 32, 457-463  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582014000200024
 
McCullough Patrick E., Hart Stephen E. (2006): Temperature Influences Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) and Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua) Response to Bispyribac-Sodium. Weed Technology, 20, 728-732  https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-05-010R2.1
 
Miller J. F., Gulya T. J. (1999): Registration of Eight Sclerotinia-Tolerant Sunflower Germplasm Lines. Crop Science, 39, 301-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1999.0011183X003900010075x
 
Mittler Ron (2006): Abiotic stress, the field environment and stress combination. Trends in Plant Science, 11, 15-19  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.11.002
 
Simic M., Dragicevic V., Knezevic S., Radosavljevic M., Dolijanovic Z., Filipovic M. (2011): Effects of applied herbicides on crop productivity and on weed infestation in different growth stages of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia, 34, 27-37  https://doi.org/10.2298/HEL1154027S
 
Stewart Christie L., Nurse Robert E., Hamill Allan S., Sikkema Peter H. (2010): Environment and Soil Conditions Influence Pre- and Postemergence Herbicide Efficacy in Soybean. Weed Technology, 24, 234-243  https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-09-009.1
 
Tan Siyuan, Evans Richard R, Dahmer Mark L, Singh Bijay K, Shaner Dale L (2005): Imidazolinone-tolerant crops: history, current status and future. Pest Management Science, 61, 246-257  https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.993
 
VIDAL R.A., FIPKE M.V., QUEIROZ A.R.S., SOARES D.S., GHEREKHLOO J. (2017): AN INNOVATIVE METHOD TO EVALUATE THE IMPACT OF TEMPERATURE ON IODOSULFURON-METHYL SELECTIVITY TO OAT CROP. Planta Daninha, 35, -  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-83582017350100047
 
Zollinger R.K. (2004): Advances in sunflower weed control in the USA. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Sunflower Conference, Aug 29-Sept 2, Fargo, 435–439.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences