Impacts of the transgenic CrylAc and CpTI insect-resistant cotton SGK321 on selected soil enzyme activities in the rhizosphere

https://doi.org/10.17221/349/2014-PSECitation:Zhang Y.J., Xie M., Li C.Y., Wu G., Peng D.L. (2014): Impacts of the transgenic CrylAc and CpTI insect-resistant cotton SGK321 on selected soil enzyme activities in the rhizosphere. Plant Soil Environ., 60: 401-406.
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Transgenic CrylAc and CpTI insect-resistant cotton SGK321 is widely adopted for many years in several regions of China, however the understanding of its potential effects on soil enzyme activities is not studied. The impacts of transgenic cotton SGK321 on dehydrogenase, urease and phosphatase activities in rhizosphere soil were investigated in a two-year field study in Northern China. Rhizosphere soil enzyme activities between transgenic cotton SGK321 and its non-transgenic parental cotton Shiyuan 321 were found to differ at senescence. However compared to the plant growth stages and cotton cultivar, the impacts of the transgenic trait were minor or transient. The principal component analysis also showed no significant or minor difference in the activities of dehydrogenase, urease and phosphatase in the rhizosphere soil of transgenic cotton SGK321 and its counterpart. Our results indicated that the transgenic cotton SGK321 has no apparent impact on dehydrogenase, urease and phosphatase activities in rhizosphere soil.

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