Soil wetting effects on fallow and cropland in three different soil types of the Czech Republic  

https://doi.org/10.17221/357/2015-PSECitation:Holubík O., Hrabalíková M., Huislová P., Vopravil J. (2016): Soil wetting effects on fallow and cropland in three different soil types of the Czech Republic  . Plant Soil Environ., 62: 243-249.
download PDF
This paper brings the comparison of characteristic changes of cropland and of land that has been left fallow for ten years. The disruption of soil structure (MWD) was tested and correlated with basic soil parameters (soil texture, soil hydraulic properties (Ksat), soil organic matter content (Cox), gentle acidification (pHKCl)). Sub-wetting processes of MWDs for three soil types (Chernozems, Cambisols, Luvisols) were tested and confronted with the results of a small-rainfall simulator in laboratory conditions. Statistically provable changes occurred on the plots of fallow land, i.e.: (i) decreased risk of water erosion and crustability (MWD), improvement of Ksat, a slight increase in Cox and the outset of pHKCl. The MWDs were poorly correlated (0.23–0.37%) with soil texture and highly (59%) with saturated hydraulic conductivity. The results of this paper confirmed that fallow lands/grass cover lands better infiltrated rainfall and almost eliminated water erosion risk. The results of the detailed evaluation of MWDs and rain simulator for specific soil types presented an extremely high water erosion risk (and high slaking effect) for cropland Luvisol. We have estimated that the soil loss of cropland Luvisol can reach up to 9 t/ha when there is 8-min torrential rain (on dry lands).  
References:
Amézketa E. (1999): Soil Aggregate Stability: A Review. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 14, 83-151  https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v14n02_08
 
Amezketa E., Singer M. J., Le Bissonnais Y. (1996): Testing a New Procedure for Measuring Water-Stable Aggregation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 60, 888-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1996.03615995006000030030x
 
An Shaoshan, Mentler Axel, Mayer Herwig, Blum Winfried E.H. (2010): Soil aggregation, aggregate stability, organic carbon and nitrogen in different soil aggregate fractions under forest and shrub vegetation on the Loess Plateau, China. CATENA, 81, 226-233  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2010.04.002
 
Barral M.T., Arias M., Guérif J. (1998): Effects of iron and organic matter on the porosity and structural stability of soil aggregates. Soil and Tillage Research, 46, 261-272  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00092-0
 
Bast Alexander, Wilcke Wolfgang, Graf Frank, Lüscher Peter, Gärtner Holger (2014): The use of mycorrhiza for eco-engineering measures in steep alpine environments: effects on soil aggregate formation and fine-root development. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, , n/a-n/a  https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3557
 
Bronick C.J., Lal R. (2005): Soil structure and management: a review. Geoderma, 124, 3-22  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.03.005
 
Cantón Y., Solé-Benet A., Asensio C., Chamizo S., Puigdefábregas J. (2009): Aggregate stability in range sandy loam soils Relationships with runoff and erosion. CATENA, 77, 192-199  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2008.12.011
 
Chantigny Martin H., Angers Denis A., Prévost Danielle, Vézina Louis-P., Chalifour François-P. (1997): Soil Aggregation and Fungal and Bacterial Biomass under Annual and Perennial Cropping Systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 61, 262-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1997.03615995006100010037x
 
Chaplot V., Cooper M. (2015): Soil aggregate stability to predict organic carbon outputs from soils. Geoderma, 243-244, 205-213  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.12.013
 
FAO (2014): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. Rome, FAO.
 
Féodoroff A. (1958): Un appareil pour le tamisage de la terre sous l’eau. Ann. Agr., No.4, 537–548.
 
Golchin A, Oades JM, Skjemstad JO, Clarke P (1995): Structural and dynamic properties of soil organic-matter as reflected by 13 C natural-abundance, pyrolysis mass-spectrometry and solid-state 13 C NMR-spectroscopy in density fractions of an oxisol under forest and pasture. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 33, 59-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9950059
 
Guérif J, Richard G, Dürr C, Machet J.M, Recous S, Roger-Estrade J (2001): A review of tillage effects on crop residue management, seedbed conditions and seedling establishment. Soil and Tillage Research, 61, 13-32  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(01)00187-8
 
Jakšík Ondřej, Kodešová Radka, Kubiš Adam, Stehlíková Iva, Drábek Ondřej, Kapička Aleš (2015): Soil aggregate stability within morphologically diverse areas. CATENA, 127, 287-299  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2015.01.010
 
Jirků Veronika, Kodešová Radka, Nikodem Antonín, Mühlhanselová Marcela, Žigová Anna (2013): Temporal variability of structure and hydraulic properties of topsoil of three soil types. Geoderma, 204-205, 43-58  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.03.024
 
Kadlec V., Holubík O., Procházková E., Urbanová J., Tippl M. (2012): Soil organic carbon dynamics and its influence on the soil erodibility factor. Soil and Water Research, 7: 97–108.
 
Kamphorst A. (1987): A small rainfall simulator for the determination of soil erodibility. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, 35: 407–415.
 
Kodešová R., Kodeš V., Žigová A., Šimůnek J. (2006): Impact of plant roots and soil organisms on soil micromorphology ad hydraulic properties. Biologia, 61: S339–S343.
 
Kodešová Radka, Rohošková Marcela, Žigová Anna (2009): Comparison of aggregate stability within six soil profiles under conventional tillage using various laboratory tests. Biologia, 64, 550-554  https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-009-0095-6
 
Kodešová Radka, Jirků Veronika, Kodeš Vít, Mühlhanselová Marcela, Nikodem Antonín, Žigová Anna (2011): Soil structure and soil hydraulic properties of Haplic Luvisol used as arable land and grassland. Soil and Tillage Research, 111, 154-161  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2010.09.007
 
Lado M., Ben-Hur M., Shainberg I. (2004): Soil Wetting and Texture Effects on Aggregate Stability, Seal Formation, and Erosion. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 68, 1992-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2004.1992
 
BISSONNAIS Y. (1996): Aggregate stability and assessment of soil crustability and erodibility: I. Theory and methodology. European Journal of Soil Science, 47, 425-437  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1996.tb01843.x
 
Le Bissonnais Y., Bruand A., Jamagne M. (1989): Laboratory experimental study of soil crusting: Relation between aggregate breakdown mechanisms and crust stucture. CATENA, 16, 377-392  https://doi.org/10.1016/0341-8162(89)90022-2
 
Le Bissonnais Y., Blavet D., De Noni G., Laurent J.-Y., Asseline J., Chenu C. (2007): Erodibility of Mediterranean vineyard soils: relevant aggregate stability methods and significant soil variables. European Journal of Soil Science, 58, 188-195  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2006.00823.x
 
Legout C., Leguedois S., Le Bissonnais Y. (2005): Aggregate breakdown dynamics under rainfall compared with aggregate stability measurements. European Journal of Soil Science, 56, 225-238  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2004.00663.x
 
Moravec D., Votypka J. (1998): Climatic regionalization of the Czech Republic. Prague, Carolinum – Charles University, 1, 87.
 
Morgan R.P.C. (2005): Soil Erosion and Conservation. 3rd Ed. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.
 
Percival H.J., Parfitt R.L., Scott N.A. (2000): Factors controlling soil carbon levels in New Zealand Grasslands: Is clay content important? Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64: 1623–1630.
 
Quitt E. (1971): Climatic Regions of Czechoslovakia. Brno, Academia, Studia Geographica 16, GU CSAV, 73.
 
Spaccini R (2002): Increased soil organic carbon sequestration through hydrophobic protection by humic substances. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34, 1839-1851  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00197-9
 
StatSoft (2012): Statistica – Data Analysis Software System. Version 10.0. Available at: www.statsoft.com
 
Zádorová T., Jakšík O., Kodešová R., Penížek V. (2011): Influence of terrain attributes and soil properties on aggregate stability. Soil and Water Research, 6: 111–119.
 
Zhang X.C, Norton L.D (2002): Effect of exchangeable Mg on saturated hydraulic conductivity, disaggregation and clay dispersion of disturbed soils. Journal of Hydrology, 260, 194-205  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(01)00612-6
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti