Regulation of nitrogen balance and yield on greenhouse eggplant under biochar addition in Mollisol

https://doi.org/10.17221/393/2021-PSECitation:

Wang Y., Zhou M., Hou M., Chen Y.M., Sui Y.Y., Jiao X.G. (2022): Regulation of nitrogen balance and yield on greenhouse eggplant under biochar addition in Mollisol. Plant Soil Environ., 68: 36–48.

 

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Maintaining nitrogen (N) balance and inhibiting N leaching loss in the soil-crop system is crucial to maintaining yield and reducing the environmental pollution. This study investigated the effects of soil NO3-N content and accumulation, eggplant yield, N leaching and balance response to biochar addition, including regular fertilisation and irrigation (W + F), biochar addition with regular fertilisation and irrigation (W + F + B), and biochar addition with 20% fertilisation and irrigation reduction (0.8W + 0.8F + B) treatments. Compared with W + F, W + F + B and 0.8W + 0.8F + B increased soil NO3-N content in 0–40 cm and soil NO3-N accumulation in 0–20 cm, and raised harvest index, N surplus and balance. Simultaneously, 0.8W + 0.8F + B compared to W + F enhanced N use efficiency and N partial factor productivity, conversely, it decreased N dry matter production efficiency, N surplus and balance. Stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that the effect of NO3-N leaching lasted in 60 cm under biochar addition in the first year, and lasted in 20 cm without biochar application in the next year. Altogether, biochar addition with 20% fertilisation and irrigation reduction is the most suitable management strategy to decrease N surplus and leaching, and maintain eggplant N uptake in a two-year cycle system on greenhouse vegetables in Mollisols.

 

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