Effects of salt stress on water status, photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of rocket

https://doi.org/10.17221/398/2017-PSECitation:Hniličková H., Hnilička F., Martinkova J., Kraus K. (2017): Effects of salt stress on water status, photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of rocket. Plant Soil Environ., 63: 362-367.
download PDF
Salinity is a significant environmental factor affecting physiological processes in plants. This study monitors the effect of salt stress induced by the NaCl solution (0 – deionized water; 50, 100, 200, 300 mmol/L) in rocket (Eruca sativa (L.) Mill.) cv. Astro over the course of 50 days. Salt stress significantly affected the monitored parameters. The osmotic potential decreased with increasing NaCl concentrations, while relative water content decrease did not take place until 200 mmol/L NaCl. Compared to the control group, transpiration (E) decreased at the concentration of 50 mmol/L NaCl and stomatal conductance (gs) and net photosynthetic rate (Pn) decreased at 100 mmol/L NaCl. Further increase of salt concentrations did not affect Pn and no significant differences gs, E and substomatal concentration CO2 were measured between the concentrations of 200 and 300 mmol/L NaCl. A decrease of Fv/Fm took place from the concentration of 100 mmol/L NaCl, while differences between 200 and 300 mmol/L NaCl were also not significant. The obtained results therefore prove the tolerance of the E. sativa cv. Astro to salt stress.
Al Gehani I.A., Ismail T.M. (2016): Effect of soil amendment on growth and physiological processes of rocket (Eruca sativa L.) grown under salinity conditions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10: 15–20.
Alqasoumi Saleh (2009): Rocket “Eruca sativa”: A salad herb with potential gastric anti-ulcer activity. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 15, 1958- https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.15.1958
Ashraf M. (1994): Organic substances responsible for salt tolerance inEruca sativa. Biologia Plantarum, 36, 255-259 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02921095
Ashraf Muhammad (2004): Some important physiological selection criteria for salt tolerance in plants. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 199, 361-376 https://doi.org/10.1078/0367-2530-00165
Ashraf M., McNeilly T. (2004): Salinity Tolerance in Brassica Oilseeds. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 23, 157-174 https://doi.org/10.1080/07352680490433286
Ashraf M., Harris P. J. C. (2013): Photosynthesis under stressful environments: An overview. Photosynthetica, 51, 163-190 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6
Azarenko Olga, Jordan Mary Ann, Wilson Leslie, Avila Jesus (2014): Erucin, the Major Isothiocyanate in Arugula (Eruca sativa), Inhibits Proliferation of MCF7 Tumor Cells by Suppressing Microtubule Dynamics. PLoS ONE, 9, e100599- https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0100599
Baker N. R. (2004): Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence can improve crop production strategies: an examination of future possibilities. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 1607-1621 https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh196
Bianco V.V., Boari F. (1996): Up-to-date developments on wild rocket cultivation. In: Padulosi S., Pignone D. (eds.): Rocket: A Mediterranean Crop for the World. Report of a Workshop, Legnaro (Italy) 13–14 December 1996. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, 41–49.
Biswal B., Joshi P.N., Raval M.K., Biswal U.C. (2011): Photosynthesis, a global sensor of environmental stress in green plants: Stress signalling and adaptation. Current Science, 101: 47–56.
BUCKLEY THOMAS N., MOTT KEITH A. (2013): Modelling stomatal conductance in response to environmental factors. Plant, Cell & Environment, 36, 1691-1699 https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12140
Chaves M. M., Flexas J., Pinheiro C. (2009): Photosynthesis under drought and salt stress: regulation mechanisms from whole plant to cell. Annals of Botany, 103, 551-560 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcn125
Dodd Ian C. (2003): Hormonal Interactions and Stomatal Responses. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 22, 32-46 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-003-0023-x
Fernandez R.T., Perry R.L., Flore J.A. (1997): Drought response of young apple trees on three rootstocks. II. Gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence, water relations, and leaf abscisic acid. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 122: 841–848.
Flowers Timothy J., Colmer Timothy D. (2008): Salinity tolerance in halophytes*. New Phytologist, 179, 945-963 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02531.x
Hajlaoui Hichem, Ayeb Naceur El, Garrec Jean Pierre, Denden Mounir (2010): Differential effects of salt stress on osmotic adjustment and solutes allocation on the basis of root and leaf tissue senescence of two silage maize (Zea mays L.) varieties. Industrial Crops and Products, 31, 122-130 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.09.007
Jesus Cléoma G, Silva Júnior Fernando J, Camara Terezinha R, Silva Ênio FF, Willadino Lilia (2015): Production of rocket under salt stress in hydroponic systems. Horticultura Brasileira, 33, 493-497 https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-053620150000400014
Katsarou Dimitra, Omirou Michalis, Liadaki Kalliopi, Tsikou Daniela, Delis Costas, Garagounis Constantine, Krokida Afrodite, Zambounis Antonis, Papadopoulou Kalliope K. (2016): Glucosinolate biosynthesis in Eruca sativa. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 109, 452-466 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.10.024
Khoobchandani M., Ojeswi B.K., Ganesh N., Srivastava M.M., Gabbanini S., Matera R., Iori R., Valgimigli L. (2010): Antimicrobial properties and analytical profile of traditional Eruca sativa seed oil: Comparison with various aerial and root plant extracts. Food Chemistry, 120, 217-224 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.10.011
Li Gang, Wan Shuwen, Zhou Jian, Yang Zhiyong, Qin Pei (2010): Leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, hyperspectral reflectance, pigments content, malondialdehyde and proline accumulation responses of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) seedlings to salt stress levels. Industrial Crops and Products, 31, 13-19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.07.015
Matthews Jack S.A., Vialet-Chabrand Silvere R.M., Lawson Tracy (2017): Diurnal Variation in Gas Exchange: The Balance between Carbon Fixation and Water Loss. Plant Physiology, 174, 614-623 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.00152
Maxwell Kate, Johnson Giles N. (2000): Chlorophyll fluorescence—a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51, 659-668 https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.345.659
Munns R. (2002): Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, Cell and Environment, 25, 239-250 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0016-8025.2001.00808.x
Munns R., Gilliham M. (2015): Salinity tolerance of crops – What is the cost? New Phytologist, 208: 668–673.
Negrão S., Schmöckel S. M., Tester M. (2017): Evaluating physiological responses of plants to salinity stress. Annals of Botany, 119, 1-11 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcw191
Pérez-Pérez J.G., Robles J.M., Tovar J.C., Botía. P. (2009): Response to drought and salt stress of lemon ‘Fino 49’ under field conditions: Water relations, osmotic adjustment and gas exchange. Scientia Horticulturae, 122, 83-90 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2009.04.009
Saibo Nelson J. M., Lourenço Tiago, Oliveira Maria Margarida (2009): Transcription factors and regulation of photosynthetic and related metabolism under environmental stresses. Annals of Botany, 103, 609-623 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcn227
Santos R.S.S., Dias N.S., Duarte S.N., Lima C.J.G.S. (2012): Use of brackish water in the production of rocket cultivated in coconut fiber substrate. Revista Caatinga, 25: 113–118.
Sudhir P., Murthy S.D.S. (2004): Effects of salt stress on basic processes of photosynthesis. Photosynthetica, 42, 481-486 https://doi.org/10.1007/S11099-005-0001-6
TESTER M. (): Na+ Tolerance and Na+ Transport in Higher Plants. Annals of Botany, 91, 503-527 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcg058
Xu Z., Zhou G. (2008): Responses of leaf stomatal density to water status and its relationship with photosynthesis in a grass. Journal of Experimental Botany, 59, 3317-3325 https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ern185
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences