Dolomite limestone application as a chemical immobilization of metal-contaminated soil
L. Trakal, M. Neuberg, P. Tlustoš, J. Száková, V. Tejnecký, O. Drábekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/408/2010-PSECitation:Trakal L., Neuberg M., Tlustoš P., Száková J., Tejnecký V., Drábek O. (2011): Dolomite limestone application as a chemical immobilization of metal-contaminated soil. Plant Soil Environ., 57: 173-179.
In this experiment we proved an effect of dolomite limestone on chemical immobilization in soil contaminated by trace metals, namely Cd, Pb, and Zn. Primary, we set up lysimeter pot experiment to measure soil leaching without vegetation. Willow clone (S. × smithiana Willd) was cultivated in the second lysimeter pot as a new approach to monitor Pb, Cd and Zn leaching, which was affected by soil liming (used in 1% rate). At the time of both harvests, aboveground biomass increased significantly at the amended variant. After the second harvest aboveground biomass production increased by 80% in comparison with the first one, Cd and Zn concentration in biomass decreased 2-fold and 3-fold, respectively. Dolomite limestone as a process of liming: (i) restricted metals leaching from the soil substrate; (ii) reduced metal uptake by willow; and (iii) increased biomass production of willow. Liming also alleviated the plant stress imposed by risk elements resulting in better plant growth and lower levels of stress markers (total nitrogen content and the main amino acid metabolism parameters in the willow leaves) yet through different mechanisms.Keywords:
toxic metals; liming; willow; lysimeter pot; leaching