Soil residues of sulfosulfuron herbicide in wheat field determined by bioassay and laboratory methods
Although herbicides are used for weed control in the field, their residues can have unfavourable environmental impacts. The objective was to determine the sulfosulfuron herbicide residues in wheat field soil using bioassay and laboratory (HPLC) methods. The two-year experiment was a randomised complete-block design (RCBD) with three replicates using herbicide at control, recommended (26.6 g/ha, D1) and doubled (53.2 g/ha, D2) rates. Soil samples (0–10 cm) were collected randomly at intervals ranging from 0 to 125 days after spraying. Greenhouse experiments (bioassay method) with eight plant species indicated garden cress (Lepidium sativum L.) and corn (Zea mays L.) as the most and the least sensitive ones, respectively. The herbicide residues were stable at D1 up to 90 days after herbicide use, at 1.41 and 0.52 μg/kg in 2019 and 2020, respectively. However, 125 days after herbicide use no residues were observed. With time and for both treatments, soil herbicide residues decreased or the percentage of herbicide loss increased. The sensitivity of HPLC method to detect the herbicide residues was less than the bioassay method. The three-parameter sigmoid equation indicated the mean of DT50 for D1, averaged for the two years it was 19 days.
Brar A.S., Gill H.K. (2021): Role of planting pattern and weed control methods on growth and yield of mustard: a review. The Pharma Innovation Journal, 10: 880–883.
Brillas E. (2021): Recent development of electrochemical advanced oxidation of herbicides. A review on its application to wastewater treatment and soil remediation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 290: 125841. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.125841
Davis A.S., Frisvold G.B. (2017): Are herbicides a once in a century method of weed control? Pest Management Science, 73: 2209–2220. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.4643
Ghafarpour S., Abdolreza K.S., Habiballah H., Alsadat H.Z. (2018): Effect of sulfonylurea herbicides and crop residues on weed control and wheat grain yield. Iranian Journal of Plant Protection, 32: 29–38. (In Persian)
Joshi V., Suyal A., Srivastava A., Srivastava P.C. (2019): Role of organic amendments in reducing leaching of sulfosulfuron through wheat crop cultivated soil. Emerging Contaminants, 5: 4–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emcon.2018.12.002
Martins-Gomes C., Silva T.L., Andreani T., Silva A.M. (2022): Glyphosate vs. glyphosate-based herbicides exposure: a review on their toxicity. Journal of Xenobiotics, 12: 21–40. https://doi.org/10.3390/jox12010003
Miransari M., Bahrami H.A., Rejali F., Malakouti M.J. (2008): Using arbuscular mycorrhiza to alleviate the stress of soil compaction on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growth. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40: 1197–1206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.12.014
Mohapatra D., Rath S.K., Mohapatra P.K. (2021): Soil fungi for bioremediation of pesticide toxicants: a perspective. Geomicrobiology Journal. (In Press) https://doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2021.2019855
Pannell D.J., Tillie P., Rodríguez-Cerezo E., Ervin D., Frisvold G.B. (2016): Herbicide resistance: economic and environmental challenges. Agbioforum, 19: 136–155.
Paporisch A., Laor Y., Rubin B., Eizenberg H. (2020): Effect of repeated application of sulfonylurea herbicides on sulfosulfuron dissipation rate in soil. Agronomy, 10: 1724. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10111724
Paul A., George T. (2021): Dissipation kinetics and harvest time residues of pyrazosulfuron-ethyl + pretilachlor in rice. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 53: 67–72. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-8164.2021.00009.5
Paul R., Sharma R., Kulshrestha G., Singh S.B. (2009): Analysis of metsulfuron-methyl residues in wheat field soil: a comparison of HPLC and bioassay techniques. Pest Management Science, 65: 963–968. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.1780
Robinson D.E., McNaughton K.E. (2012): Saflufenacil carryover injury varies among rotational crops. Weed Technology, 26: 177–182. https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-11-00080.1
Saeedipour S., Saeedi B.A. (2020): Reduced doses of sulfosulfuron plus metsulfuron-methyl herbicide and plant density on Malva management in wheat (Triticum durum L.) fields. Plant Ecophysiology, 12: 72–81. (In Persian)
Sheikhhasan M.R.V., Mirshekari B., Farahvash F. (2012): Weed control in wheat fields by limited dose of post-emergence herbicides. World Applied Sciences Journal, 16: 1243–1246.
Srivastava A., Pandey S., Tandon S. (2006): Fate of pendimethalin herbicide in soil and pea plant (Pisum sativum L.). Environmental Science: An Indian Journal, 1: 29–33.
Yousefi M., Kamkar B., Gherekhloo J., Rohollah F. (2016): Sulfosulfuron persistence in soil under different cultivation systems of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Pedosphere, 26: 666–675. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(15)60075-3
Zhang R.J., Zhang Z.P., Li R.Y., Tan Y.B., Lv S.S., McClements D.J. (2020): Impact of pesticide type and emulsion fat content on the bioaccessibility of pesticides in natural products. Molecules, 25: 1466. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25061466
Zobir S.A.M., Ali A., Adzmi F., Sulaiman M.R., Ahmad K. (2021): A review on nanopesticides for plant protection synthesized using the supramolecular chemistry of layered hydroxide hosts. Biology (Basel), 10: 1077. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10111077