Ameliorating effects of exogenous paclobutrazol and putrescine on mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] under water deficit stress

https://doi.org/10.17221/437/2020-PSECitation:

Babarashi E., Rokhzadi A., Pasari B., Mohammadi K. (2021): Ameliorating effects of exogenous paclobutrazol and putrescine on mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] under water deficit stress. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 40–45.

 

download PDF

Plant growth regulators play crucial roles in modulating plant response to environmental stresses. In this experiment, the effect of different doses of paclobutrazol (PBZ) and putrescine (Put), i.e., 0, 50, 100 and 150 mg/L on mung bean in two conditions of water deficit (WD) and well-watered (WW) was investigated. The seed yield decreased due to water deficit stress, while the PBZ and Put application alleviated the damage of drought stress through increasing proline and leaf chlorophyll content and improving membrane stability, and thus increased plant yield compared to untreated control plants. According to regression equations, the high PBZ levels (150 mg/L or more) and moderate levels of Put (about 90 mg/L) were determined as the optimal concentrations to maximise mung bean yield in WD conditions. In WW conditions, the mung bean responses to PBZ were inconsistent, whereas Put application positively affected some physiological traits and seed yield. In conclusion, the physiological attributes and, subsequently, the seed yield of drought-stressed mung bean plants could be improved by foliar application of PBZ and Put.

 

References:
Ashraf M., Foolad M.R. (2007): Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 59: 206–216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2005.12.006
 
Bangar P., Chaudhury A., Tiwari B., Kumar S., Kumari R., Bhat K.V. (2019): Morphophysiological and biochemical response of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] varieties at different developmental stages under drought stress. Turkish Journal of Biology, 43: 58–69. https://doi.org/10.3906/biy-1801-64
 
Bates L.S., Waldren R.P., Teare I.D. (1973): Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39: 205–207. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00018060
 
Berova M., Zlatev Z. (2000): Physiological response and yield of paclobutrazol treated tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Plant Growth Regulation, 30: 117–123. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006300326975
 
Besford R.T., Richardson C.M., Campos J.L., Tiburcio A.F. (1993): Effect of polyamines on stabilization of molecular complexes in thylakoid membranes of osmotically stressed oat leaves. Planta, 189: 201–206. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00195077
 
Bodner G., Nakhforoosh A., Kaul H.-P. (2015): Management of crop water under drought: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35: 401–442. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-015-0283-4
 
Chand G., Nandwal A.S., Kumar N., Devi S., Khajuria S. (2018): Yield and physiological responses of mungbean Vigna radita (L.) Wilczek genotypes to high temperature at reproductive stage. Legume Research, 41: 557–562. https://doi.org/10.18805/LR-3795
 
Chen D.D., Shao Q.S., Yin L.H., Younis A., Zheng B.S. (2019): Polyamine function in plants: metabolism, regulation on development, and roles in abiotic stress responses. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9: 1945. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01945
 
Cohen I., Netzer Y., Sthein I., Gilichinsky M., Tel-Or E. (2019): Plant growth regulators improve drought tolerance, reduce growth and evapotranspiration in deficit irrigated Zoysia japonica under field conditions. Plant Growth Regulation, 88: 9–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-019-00484-4
 
Ebeed H.T., Hassan N.M., Aljarani A.M. (2017): Exogenous applications of Polyamines modulate drought responses in wheat through osmolytes accumulation, increasing free polyamine levels and regulation of polyamine biosynthetic genes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 118: 438–448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2017.07.014
 
Kumar S., Ghatty S., Satyanarayana J., Guha A., Chaitanya B.S.K., Reddy A.R. (2012): Paclobutrazol treatment as a potential strategy for higher seed and oil yield in field-grown Camelina sativa L. Crantz. BMC Research Notes, 5: 137. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-5-137
 
Lichthenthaler H.K. (1987): Chlorophylls and carotenoids – pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods in Enzymology, 148: 350–382.
 
Lutts S., Kinet J.M., Bouharmont J. (1996): NaCl-induced senescence in leaves of rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars differing in salinity resistance. Annals of Botany, 78: 389–398. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1996.0134
 
Mahdavian M., Sarikhani H., Hadadinejad M., Dehestani A. (2020): Putrescine effect on physiological, morphological, and biochemical traits of carrizo citrange and volkameriana rootstocks under flooding stress. International Journal of Fruit Science, 20: 164–177. https://doi.org/10.1080/15538362.2019.1605560
 
Nahar K., Hasanuzzaman M., Rahman A., Alam Md.M., Mahmud J.-A., Suzuki T., Fujita M. (2016): Polyamines confer salt tolerance in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) by reducing sodium uptake, improving nutrient homeostasis, antioxidant defense, and methylglyoxal detoxification systems. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7: 1104. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01104
 
Plaza-Wüthrich S., Blösch R., Rindisbacher A., Cannarozzi G., Tadele Z. (2016): Gibberellin deficiency confers both lodging and drought tolerance in small cereals. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7: 643. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00643
 
Raina S.K., Govindasamy V., Kumar M., Singh A.K., Rane J., Minhas P.S. (2016): Genetic variation in physiological responses of mungbeans (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) to drought. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 38: 263. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-016-2280-x
 
Senoo S., Isoda A. (2003): Effects of paclobutrazol on dry matter distribution and yield in peanut. Plant Production Science, 6: 90–94. https://doi.org/10.1626/pps.6.90
 
Singh P., Basu S., Kumar G. (2018): Polyamines metabolism: a way ahead for abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. In: Wani S.H. (ed.): Biochemical, Physiological and Molecular Avenues for Combating Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants. San Diego, Academic Press, 39–55. ISBN: 978-0-12-813066-7
 
Soumya P.R., Kumar P., Pal M. (2017): Paclobutrazol: a novel plant growth regulator and multi-stress ameliorant. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 22: 267–278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-017-0316-x
 
Tesfahun W. (2018): A review on: response of crops to paclobutrazol application. Cogent Food and Agriculture, 4: 1525169. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2018.1525169
 
Yooyongwech S., Samphumphuang T., Tisarum R., Theerawitaya C., Cha-Um S. (2017): Water-deficit tolerance in sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] by foliar application of paclobutrazol: role of soluble sugar and free proline. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8: 1400. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01400
 
Zhu Y.S., Sun S., FitzGerald R. (2018): Mung bean proteins and peptides: nutritional, functional and bioactive properties. Food and Nutrition Research, 62: 1290.
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti