Incomplete alleviation of nickel toxicity in bean by nitric oxide supplementation

https://doi.org/10.17221/438/2010-PSECitation:Mihailovic N., Drazic G. (2011): Incomplete alleviation of nickel toxicity in bean by nitric oxide supplementation. Plant Soil Environ., 57: 396-401.
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The aim of the experiment was to test the capacity of NO to reverse harmfull effects of nickel on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seedlings. Bean seedlings were grown on culture medium and treated with NO-donor – sodium nitroprusside (0.3 mmol/L) and Ni (0.2 mmol/L NiCl2). After 4 days, the parameters of antioxidative response were determined in roots and leaves, as well as the concentrations of essential cations and Ni. In the presence of Ni alone, soluble protein, proline and superoxide-dismutase activity were increased, while peroxidase and especially catalase activities were supressed. Also, Ni induced a depletion of K, Ca, Mg, Mn and Zn, while the contents of Cu and Fe in the roots were increased. In the presence of NO, Ni-induced stimulation of superoxide-dismutase activity, soluble protein and proline accumulations was decreased, while the inhibition of peroxidase and catalase activities was eliminated. Calcium and Zn concentrations were increased by Ni in NO-treated seedlings, suggesting specific activation of the uptake of these elements as part of the protective processes regulated by NO. However, NO had no effect on the impact of Ni on K, Cu, Fe, and Mn concentrations. In conclusion, exogenous NO efficiently attenuates oxidative stress in bean, but does not prevent Ni-induced ion leakage.
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