Trichoderma asperellum improves soil microenvironment in different growth stages and yield of maize in saline-alkaline soil of the Songnen Plain

https://doi.org/10.17221/456/2020-PSECitation:

Fu J., Xiao Y., Liu Z.H., Zhang Y.F., Wang Y.F., Yang K.J. (2020): Trichoderma asperellum improves soil microenvironment in different growth stages and yield of maize in saline-alkaline soil of the Songnen Plain. Plant Soil Environ., 66: 639–647.

 

download PDF

The Songnen Plain is an important agricultural base in China and one of the important areas of distribution of saline-alkaline soils in the cold region. Saline-alkaline soils severely restrict maize growth. This study was to potentially promote the soil nutrient in the maize rhizosphere, microbes diversity, and maize yield by Trichoderma asperellum in saline-alkaline soil of the cold region. In the present study, we applied different amounts of T. asperellum in field experiments for three consecutive years. High-throughput sequencing was used to analyse the impact of Trichoderma on microbes diversity in maize rhizosphere soils. Changes in crop yield and soil nutrients were also monitored. T. asperellum treatment significantly increased the relative abundance of beneficial microbes genera. In the control treatment, the pathogenic microbes were the dominant genera. Pearson’s correlation analysis revealed that changes in the soil microbial community composition were closely related to soil nutrients and were highly correlated with T. asperellum treatment concentration. Further, T. asperellum treatment increased crop yield by 4.87–20.26%. These findings suggest that T. asperellum treatment optimised the microenvironment of the maize rhizosphere soil, alleviated microbial community degeneration in cold region saline-alkaline soil, and promoted maize growth.

 

References:
Abo-Elyousr K.A.M., Hashem M., Ali E.H. (2009): Integrated control of cotton root rot disease by mixing fungal biocontrol agents and resistance inducers. Crop Protection, 28: 295–301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2008.11.004
 
Adhikari T.B., Joseph C.M., Yang G., Phillips D.A., Nelson L.M. (2001): Evaluation of bacteria isolated from rice for plant growth promotion and biological control of seedling disease of rice. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 47: 916–924. https://doi.org/10.1139/w01-097
 
Bao S.D. (2000): Soil Agricultural Chemical Analysis. Beijing, Chinese Agriculture Press.
 
Canfora L., Bacci G., Pinzari F., Papa G.L., Dazzi C., Benedetti A. (2014): Salinity and bacterial diversity: to what extent does the concentration of salt affect the bacterial community in a saline soil? Plos One, 9: e106662. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106662
 
Daims H., Lebedeva E.V., Pjevac P., Han P., Herbold C., Albertsen M., Jehmlich N., Palatinszky M., Vierheilig J., Bulaev A., Kirkegaard R.H., von Bergen M., Rattei T., Bendinger B., Nielsen P.H., Wagner M. (2015): Complete nitrification by Nitrospira bacteria. Nature, 528: 504. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature16461
 
Fu J., Wang Y.F., Liu Z.H., Li Z.T., Yang K.J. (2018): Trichoderma asperellum alleviates the effects of saline-alkaline stress on maize seedlings via the regulation of photosynthesis and nitrogen metabolism. Plant Growth Regulation, 85: 363–374. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-018-0386-4
 
Foesel B.U., Rohde M., Overmann J. (2013): Blastocatella fastidiosa, gen. nov., sp. nov, isolated from semiarid savanna soil – the first described species of Acidobacteria subdivision 4. Systematic Applied Microbiology, 36: 82–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2012.11.002
 
Fontenelle A.D.B, Guzzo S.D., Lucon C.M.M., Harakava R. (2011): Growth promotion and induction of resistance in tomato plant against Xanthomonas euvesicatoria and Alternaria solani by Trichoderma spp. Crop Protection, 30: 1492–1500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2011.07.019
 
Harman G.E., Howell C.R., Viterbo A., Chet I., Lorito M. (2004): Trichoderma species – opportunistic, avirulent plant symbionts. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2: 43–56. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro797
 
Li M., Ma G.S., Lian H., Su X.L., Tian Y., Huang W.K., Mei J., Jiang X.L. (2019): The effects of Trichoderma on preventing cucumber fusarium wilt and regulating cucumber physiology. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18: 607–617. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62057-X
 
Luo S.S., Wang S.J., Tian L., Shi S.H., Xu S.Q., Fan Y., Li X.J., Wang Z.C., Tian C.J. (2018): Aggregate-related changes in soil microbial communities under different ameliorant applications in saline-sodic soils. Geoderma, 329: 108–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.05.023
 
Rousk J., Bååth E., Brookes P.C., Lauber C.L., Lozupone C., Caporaso J.G., Knight R., Fierer N. (2010): Soil bacterial and fungal communities across a pH gradient in an arable soil. The ISME Journal, 4: 1340–1351. https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2010.58
 
Saravanakumar K., Arasu V.S., Kathiresan K. (2013): Effect of Trichoderma on soil phosphate solubilization and growth improvement of Avicennia marina. Aquatic Botany, 104: 101–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2012.09.001
 
Sathiyabama M., Balasubramanian R. (2018): Protection of groundnut plants from rust disease by application of glucan isolated from a biocontrol agent Acremonium obclavatum. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 116: 316–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.04.190
 
Tedersoo L., Bahram M., Cajthaml T., Polme S., Hiiesalu I., Anslan S., Harend H., Buegger F., Pritsch K., Koricheva J., Abarenkov K. (2015): Tree diversity and species identity effects on soil fungi, protists and animals are context-dependent. The ISME Journal, 10: 346–362. https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2015.116
 
Tripathi S., Chakraborty A., Chakrabarti K., Bandyopadhyay B.K. (2007): Enzyme activities and microbial biomass in coastal soils of India. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39: 2840–2848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.05.027
 
Wang J.W., Niu W.Q., Li Y., Lv W. (2017): Subsurface drip irrigation enhances soil nitrogen and phosphorus metabolism in tomato root zones and promotes tomato growth. Applied Soil Ecology, 124.
 
Zhang F.G., Yuan J., Yang X.M., Cui Y.Q., Chen L.H., Ran W., Shen Q.R. (2013): Putative Trichoderma harzianum mutant promotes cucumber growth by enhanced production of indole acetic acid and plant colonization. Plant and Soil, 368: 433–444. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1519-6
 
Zhuang W.Y. (2010): Taxonomy and related studies on the nectrioid fungi from China. Chinese Bulletin of Life Sciences, 22: 1083–1085.
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti