Effect of zinc application timing on yield formation by two types of maize cultivars

https://doi.org/10.17221/488/2015-PSECitation:Potarzycki J., Przygocka-Cyna K., Grzebisz W., Szczepaniak W. (2015): Effect of zinc application timing on yield formation by two types of maize cultivars. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 468-474.
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The yield forming response of maize cultivar to zinc (Zn) application depends on its timing. This hypothesis was validated in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 growing seasons. The zinc treatments as the first factor were: NPK; NPK + Zn applied before sowing; NPK + Zn applied to maize at the stage of 4th leaf. The second factor was the maize type: stay-green (modern cultivars) – Paroli, Veritis, Anamur; classical (old cultivars) – Inagua, Kirola. The grain yield of modern cultivars responded the best to zinc applied before sowing, whereas the old ones, when applied to foliage. The yield of the stay-green maize depended upon the number of kernels per row, whereas the classical one on all yield structural components. The zinc management in the modern cultivars should be oriented towards maximization of the number of kernels per row, whereas in the old one on its optimization with the simultaneous kernel weight increase. The positive impact of zinc application before sowing on dry matter translocation from vegetative tissues to growing kernels underlines its practical usefulness, especially in areas with frequent water shortage during maize growth.
References:
Asif M., Saleem M.F., Anjum S.A., Wahid M.A., Bilal M.F. (2013): Effect of nitrogen and zinc sulphate on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Agricultural Research, 51: 455–464.
 
Barker V.A., Eaton T.E. (2015): Zinc. In: Barker A.V., Pilbeam D.J. (eds.): Handbook of Plant Nutrition. London, New York, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 537–564.
 
Boyer J. S. (2004): Grain yields with limited water. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2385-2394  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh219
 
Drissi Saad, Aït Houssa Abdelhadi, Bamouh Ahmed, Benbella Mohamed (2015): Corn Silage (Zea mays L.) Response to Zinc Foliar Spray Concentration When Grown on Sandy Soil. Journal of Agricultural Science, 7, -  https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n2p68
 
FAOSTAT (2015): Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor (accessed 29.6. 2015)
 
Fecenko J., Ložek O. (1998): Maize grain yield formation in dependence on applied zinc doses and its content in soil. Rostlinná Výroba, 44: 15–18. (In Czech)
 
Grzebisz W., Wrońska M., Diatta J.B., Szczepaniak W. (2008): Effect of zinc foliar application at early stage of maize growth on the patterns of nutrients and dry matter accumulation by the canopy. Part II. Nitrogen uptake and dry matter accumulation patterns. Journal of Elementology, 13: 29–39.
 
Guliev N.M., Bairamov Sh.M., Aliev D.A. (1992): Functional organization of carbonic anhydrase in higher plants. Fiziologiya Rastenii (Moscow), 39: 815–824.
 
Khoshgoftarmanesh Amir Hossein, Schulin Rainer, Chaney Rufus L., Daneshbakhsh Bahareh, Afyuni Majid (2010): Micronutrient-efficient genotypes for crop yield and nutritional quality in sustainable agriculture. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30, 83-107  https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/2009017
 
Konys L., Wiśniewski P. (1984): Path analysis. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu, 102: 37–57. (In Polish)
 
Maňásek Josef, Lošák Tomáš, Prokeš Karel, Hlušek Jaroslav, Vítězová Monika, Škarpa Petr, Filipčík Radek (): Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization on micronutrient content in grain maize (Zea mays L.). Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 61, 123-128  https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201361010123
 
Lošák T., Hlušek J., Martinec J., Jandák J., Szostková M., Filipcik R., Maňásek J., Prokeš K., Peterka J., Varga L., Ducsay L., Orosz F., Martensson A. (2011): Nitrogen fertilization does not affect micronutrient uptake in grain maize (Zea mays L.). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavistica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science, 61: 543–550.
 
Potarzycki J., Grzebisz W. (2009): Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components. Plant, Soil and Environment, 55: 519–527.
 
Potarzycki J. (2010): Yield forming functions of zinc in maize crop. Review paper. Fertilizers and Fertilization, 39: 109–128.
 
Rajcan Irena, Tollenaar Matthijs (1999): Source:sink ratio and leaf senescence in maize:. Field Crops Research, 60, 245-253  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00142-7
 
Šimić Domagoj, Sudar Rezica, Ledenčan Tatjana, Jambrović Antun, Zdunić Zvonimir, Brkić Ivan, Kovačević Vlado (2009): Genetic variation of bioavailable iron and zinc in grain of a maize population. Journal of Cereal Science, 50, 392-397  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2009.06.014
 
Szulc P., Bocianowski J., Rybus-Zając M. (2012): Accumulation of N, P, K and Mg nutrient elements and nutrient remobilization indices in the biomass of two contrasting maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 21: 2062–2071.
 
Asif M., Saleem M.F., Anjum S.A., Wahid M.A., Bilal M.F. (2013): Effect of nitrogen and zinc sulphate on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Agricultural Research, 51: 455–464.
 
Barker V.A., Eaton T.E. (2015): Zinc. In: Barker A.V., Pilbeam D.J. (eds.): Handbook of Plant Nutrition. London, New York, Boca Raton, CRC Press, 537–564.
 
Boyer J. S. (2004): Grain yields with limited water. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2385-2394  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh219
 
Drissi Saad, Aït Houssa Abdelhadi, Bamouh Ahmed, Benbella Mohamed (2015): Corn Silage (Zea mays L.) Response to Zinc Foliar Spray Concentration When Grown on Sandy Soil. Journal of Agricultural Science, 7, -  https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v7n2p68
 
FAOSTAT (2015): Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor (accessed 29.6. 2015)
 
Fecenko J., Ložek O. (1998): Maize grain yield formation in dependence on applied zinc doses and its content in soil. Rostlinná Výroba, 44: 15–18. (In Czech)
 
Grzebisz W., Wrońska M., Diatta J.B., Szczepaniak W. (2008): Effect of zinc foliar application at early stage of maize growth on the patterns of nutrients and dry matter accumulation by the canopy. Part II. Nitrogen uptake and dry matter accumulation patterns. Journal of Elementology, 13: 29–39.
 
Guliev N.M., Bairamov Sh.M., Aliev D.A. (1992): Functional organization of carbonic anhydrase in higher plants. Fiziologiya Rastenii (Moscow), 39: 815–824.
 
Khoshgoftarmanesh Amir Hossein, Schulin Rainer, Chaney Rufus L., Daneshbakhsh Bahareh, Afyuni Majid (2010): Micronutrient-efficient genotypes for crop yield and nutritional quality in sustainable agriculture. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30, 83-107  https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/2009017
 
Konys L., Wiśniewski P. (1984): Path analysis. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu, 102: 37–57. (In Polish)
 
Maňásek Josef, Lošák Tomáš, Prokeš Karel, Hlušek Jaroslav, Vítězová Monika, Škarpa Petr, Filipčík Radek (): Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization on micronutrient content in grain maize (Zea mays L.). Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 61, 123-128  https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201361010123
 
Lošák T., Hlušek J., Martinec J., Jandák J., Szostková M., Filipcik R., Maňásek J., Prokeš K., Peterka J., Varga L., Ducsay L., Orosz F., Martensson A. (2011): Nitrogen fertilization does not affect micronutrient uptake in grain maize (Zea mays L.). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavistica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science, 61: 543–550.
 
Potarzycki J., Grzebisz W. (2009): Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components. Plant, Soil and Environment, 55: 519–527.
 
Potarzycki J. (2010): Yield forming functions of zinc in maize crop. Review paper. Fertilizers and Fertilization, 39: 109–128.
 
Rajcan Irena, Tollenaar Matthijs (1999): Source:sink ratio and leaf senescence in maize:. Field Crops Research, 60, 245-253  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00142-7
 
Šimić Domagoj, Sudar Rezica, Ledenčan Tatjana, Jambrović Antun, Zdunić Zvonimir, Brkić Ivan, Kovačević Vlado (2009): Genetic variation of bioavailable iron and zinc in grain of a maize population. Journal of Cereal Science, 50, 392-397  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2009.06.014
 
Szulc P., Bocianowski J., Rybus-Zając M. (2012): Accumulation of N, P, K and Mg nutrient elements and nutrient remobilization indices in the biomass of two contrasting maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 21: 2062–2071.
 
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