Occlusive effect of soil aggregates on increased soil DTPA-extractable zinc under low soil pH causedby long-term fertilization

https://doi.org/10.17221/489/2013-PSECitation:Guo Z., Guo X., Wang J., Wang D. (2013): Occlusive effect of soil aggregates on increased soil DTPA-extractable zinc under low soil pH causedby long-term fertilization. Plant Soil Environ., 59: 524-529.
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To investigate the effect of low soil pH caused by fertilization on soil available zinc in calcareous soil, this study was conducted based on a long-term experiment consisting of: (a) no fertilization (CT); (b) mineral fertilizer application coupled with 7500 kg/ha of wheat straw (WS-NPK); (c) mineral fertilizer application coupled with 3750 kg/ha of wheat straw (1/2WS-NPK); (d) mineral fertilizer application alone (NPK). Long-term fertilization results in a significant increase in soil DTPA-extractable zinc. However, the increased soil DTPA-extractable zinc is unavailable to crops and mainly confined to 0.25 mm > and 0.25 mm to 1 mm aggregates. Compared to CT, soil DTPA-extractable zinc under fertilization is more than 9.67% and 122.36% higher in 0.25 mm > and 0.25 mm to 1 mm aggregates, respectively. Furthermore, plant-available zinc in the 0–15 cm soil layer and wheat grain zinc are both significantly positive related to soil DTPA-extractable zinc in > 2 mm aggregates. Therefore, plant-available zinc in the 0–15 cm layer is closely associated with DTPA-extractable zinc in > 2 mm aggregates, and the low soil pH caused by long-term fertilization could not enhance plant-available zinc in the surface soil layer nor elevate wheat grain zinc concentration because of the occlusive effect of soil aggregates.
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