Hazenite: a new secondary phosphorus, potassium and magnesium fertiliser

https://doi.org/10.17221/492/2019-PSECitation:Watson C., Clemens J., Wichern F. (2020): Hazenite: a new secondary phosphorus, potassium and magnesium fertiliser. Plant Soil Environ., 66: 1-6.
download PDF

Secondary fertilisers are becoming an important alternative to conventional mined fertilisers. For the first time, the struvite "relative" hazenite (KNaMg2(PO4)2∙14 H2O) has been artificially synthesised. A pot trial assessed whether hazenite-fertilised ryegrass had comparable potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), or phosphorus (P) uptake and shoot yields with treatments receiving conventional K (muriate of potash), Mg (kieserite) or P (triple superphosphate, TSP) fertilisers. Ryegrass shoot biomass production and K/Mg uptake in replicates receiving hazenite were as good as or superior to those amended with conventional fertilisers. Phosphorus uptake of plants whose P source was TSP was significantly higher than that of the hazenite-amended replicates without significantly higher shoot biomass, indicating luxury P uptake. Hazenite’s constituent sodium (Na) makes it a potentially useful soil amendment for forage grasses or natrophilic crops such as sugar beet. Its component Mg would also be desirable in forage grasses to pre-empt ruminant hypomagnesemia or in crops with a relatively high Mg demand, for example, maize. Furthermore, hazenite represents a good alternative to KCl for chlorophobic crops such as potatoes. However, given its unusual ratio of Mg, P, and K, the ideal application of hazenite would probably be in combination with other fertilisers.

Antonini S., Arias M.A., Eichert T., Clemens J. (2012): Greenhouse evaluation and environmental impact assessment of different urine-derived struvite fertilizers as phosphorus sources for plants. Chemosphere, 89: 1202–1210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.07.026
Barraclough P.B., Leigh R.A. (1993): Critical plant K concentrations for growth and problems in the diagnosis of nutrient deficiencies by plant analysis. Plant and Soil, 155: 219–222. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00025023
Barrow N.J. (2017): The effects of pH on phosphate uptake from the soil. Plant and Soil, 410: 401–410. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-016-3008-9
Bonvin C., Etter B., Udert K.M., Frossard E., Nanzer S., Tamburini F., Oberson A. (2015): Plant uptake of phosphorus and nitrogen recycled from synthetic source-separated urine. Ambio, 44: S217–227. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-014-0616-6
Chiy P.C., Phillips C.J.C. (1996): Effects of sodium fertiliser on the chemical composition of grass and clover leaves, stems and inflorescences. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 72: 501–510. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199612)72:4<501::AID-JSFA688>3.0.CO;2-T
Chiy P.C., Al’Tulihan A.-L.A., Hassan M.H., Phillips C.J.C. (1998): Effects of sodium and potassium fertilisers on the composition of herbage and its acceptability to dairy cows. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 76: 289–297. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199802)76:2<289::AID-JSFA959>3.0.CO;2-L
Degryse F., Baird R., da Silva R.C., McLaughlin M.J. (2017): Dissolution rate and agronomic effectiveness of struvite fertilizers – Effect of soil pH, granulation and base excess. Plant and Soil, 410: 139–152. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-016-2990-2
Edmeades D.C., O’Connor M.B. (2003): Sodium requirements for temperate pastures in New Zealand: A review. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 46: 37–47. https://doi.org/10.1080/00288233.2003.9513527
Egle L., Rechberger H., Zessner M. (2015): Overview and description of technologies for recovering phosphorus from municipal wastewater. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 105: 325–346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.09.016
Gérard F. (2016): Clay minerals, iron/aluminum oxides, and their contribution to phosphate sorption in soils – A myth revisited. Geoderma, 262: 213–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.08.036
Gorham J. (2007): Sodium. In: Barker A.V., Pilbeam D.J. (eds): Handbook of Plant Nutrition. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
Gransee A., Führs H. (2013): Magnesium mobility in soils as a challenge for soil and plant analysis, magnesium fertilization and root uptake under adverse growth conditions. Plant and Soil, 368: 5–21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1567-y
Hanlon E.A. (2007): Procedures Used by State Soil Testing Laboratories in the Southern Region of the United States. Clemson, Oklahoma State University.
Havlin J.L., Beaton J.D., Tisdale S.L., Nelson W.L. (2014): Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An Introduction to Nutrient Management.
8th Edition. Upper Saddle River, Pearson Prentice Hall.
Kataki S., West H., Clarke M., Baruah D.C. (2016): Phosphorus recovery as struvite: Recent concerns for use of seed, alternative Mg source, nitrogen conservation and fertilizer potential. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 107: 142–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.12.009
Mäser P., Gierth M., Schroeder J.I. (2002): Molecular mechanisms of potassium and sodium uptake in plants. Plant and Soil, 247: 43–54. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021159130729
Massey M.S., Davis J.G., Ippolito J.A., Sheffield R.E. (2009): Effectiveness of recovered magnesium phosphates as fertilizers in neutral and slightly alkaline soils. Agronomy Journal, 101: 323–329. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2008.0144
Mengel K. (2007): Potassium. In: Barker A.V., Pilbeam D.J. (eds): Handbook of Plant Nutrition. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
Mengel K., Kirkby E.A. (2001): Principles of Plant Nutrition.
5th Edition. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic.
Merhaut D.J. (2007): Magnesium. In: Barker A.V., Pilbeam D.J. (eds): Handbook of Plant Nutrition. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
Oenema O., Chardon W.J., Ehlert P.A.I., van Dijk K.C., Schoumans O.F., Rulkens W.H. (2012): Phosphorus Fertilisers from by-Products and Wastes. Leek, International Fertiliser Society.
Sanchez C.A. (2007): Phosphorus. In: Barker A.V., Pilbeam D.J. (eds): Handbook of Plant Nutrition. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
Uysal A., Demir S., Sayilgan E., Eraslan F., Kucukyumuk Z. (2014): Optimization of struvite fertilizer formation from baker’s yeast wastewater: Growth and nutrition of maize and tomato plants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21: 3264–3274. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2285-6
Van der Wiel B.Z., Weijma J., van Middelaar C.E., Kleinke M., Buisman C.J.N., Wichern F. (2019): Restoring nutrient circularity: A review of nutrient stock and flow analyses of local agro-food-waste systems. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcrx.2019.100014 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcrx.2019.100014
Vogel T., Nelles M., Eichler-Löbermann B. (2017): Phosphorus effects of recycled products from municipal wastewater on crops in a field experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63: 475–482. https://doi.org/10.17221/513/2017-PSE
Watson C., Clemens J., Wichern F. (2019): Plant availability of magnesium and phosphorus from struvite with concurrent nitrification inhibitor application. Soil Use and Management, doi: 10.1111/sum.12527 https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12527
Weissengruber L., Möller K., Puschenreiter M., Friedel J.K. (2018): Long-term soil accumulation of potentially toxic elements and selected organic pollutants through application of recycled phosphorus fertilizers for organic farming conditions. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 110: 427–449. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-018-9907-9
Yang H.X., Sun H.J., Downs R.T. (2011): Hazenite, KNaMg2(PO4)2∙
14 H2O, a new biologically related phosphate mineral, from Mono Lake, California, USA. American Mineralogist, 96: 675–681. https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2011.3668
Zhu J., Li M., Whelan M. (2018): Phosphorus activators contribute to legacy phosphorus availability in agricultural soils: A review. Science of The Total Environment, 612: 522–537. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.095
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti