Growth and yield of winter oilseed rape under strip-tillage compared to conventional tillage
Three-year field trials were conducted to compare the effect of three tillage systems: strip-tillage (ST), strip-tillage after mouldboard ploughing (STmp) and conventional tillage (CT) on growth and yield of winter oilseed rape at the experimental station in Červený Újezd, Czech Republic. Compared to CT, the growth of roots and aboveground biomass was slower (significantly thinner root necks, shorter roots and leaves) under ST at the beginning of vegetation (BBCH 14–18). Plants under ST still had significantly thinner root necks, and a lower number of leaves than plants from CT before winter (BBCH 21) but the differences were no longer statistically significant in spring (BBCH 30). Despite a slower start, the ST variant with an average yield of 5.47 t/ha significantly exceeded the CT variant with the yield being 5.06 t/ha. Conversely, plants grown under STmp had significantly longer leaves than those under CT in BBCH 14–18 and with the highest values of all parameters, tended to faster growth of biomass, although the other differences were not statistically significant. No differences were observed between STmp and CT in BBCH 21 and 30. The STmp variant achieved the highest yield 5.53 t/ha, and significantly exceeded the CT variant.
Bednář V., Šařec O., Šařec P. (2013): New trends in cropstand establishment of winter oilseed rape. In: Proceedings of the Trends in Agricultural Engineering 2013. Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, 3.–6.9. 2013: 76–80.
Brant V., Bečka D., Cihlář P., Fuksa P., Hakl J., Holec J., Chyba J., Jursík M., Kobzová D., Krček V., Kroulík M., Kusá H., Novotný I., Pivec J., Prokinová E., Růžek P., Smutný V., Škeříková M., Zábranský P. (2016): Strip Tillage – Classical, Intensive and Modified. 1st Edition. Prague, Profi Press s.r.o., 135. ISBN 978-80-86726-76-2 (In Czech)
Celik A., Altikat S., Way T.R. (2013): Strip tillage width effects on sunflower seed emergence and yield. Soil and Tillage Research, 131: 20–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.03.004
Cociu A.I., Alionte E. (2011): Yield and some quality traits of winter wheat, maize and soybean, grown in different tillage and deep loosening systems aimed to soil conservation. Romanian Agricultural Research, 28: 109–120.
Hänsel S., Ustrnul Z., Łupikasza E., Skalak P. (2019): Assessing seasonal drought variations and trends over Central Europe. Advances in Water Resources, 127: 53–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2019.03.005
Herout M., Koukolíček J., Kincl D., Pazderů K., Tomášek J., Urban J., Pulkrábek J. (2018): Impacts of technology and the width of rows on water infiltration and soil loss in the early development of maize on sloping lands. Plant, Soil and Environment, 64: 498–503. https://doi.org/10.17221/544/2018-PSE
Holland J.M. (2004): The environmental consequences of adopting conservation tillage in Europe: reviewing the evidence. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 103: 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2003.12.018
Huang S.C., Krysanova V., Hattermann F. (2014): Projections of climate change impacts on floods and droughts in Germany using an ensemble of climate change scenarios. Regional Environmental Change, 15: 461–473. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0606-z
Jabro J.D., Stevens W.B., Iverson W.M., Evans R.G., Allen B.L. (2014): Crop water productivity of sugarbeet as affected by tillage. Agronomy Journal, 106: 2280–2286. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj14.0186
Jaskulska I., Gałązka A., Jaskulski D. (2019): Strip-till as a means of decreasing spatial variability of winter barley within a field scale. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science, 69: 516–527. https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2019.1616812
Jaskulska I., Gałęzewski L., Piekarczyk M., Jaskulski D. (2018): Strip-till technology – a method for uniformity in the emergence and plant growth of winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) in different environmental conditions of Northern Poland. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 13: 194–199. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2018.981
Jaskulska I., Jaskulski D. (2020): Strip-till one-pass technology in Central and Eastern Europe: a MZURI Pro-Til hybrid machine case study. Agronomy, 10: 925. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070925
Kertész Á., Madarász B. (2014): Conservation agriculture in Europe. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 2: 91–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-6339(15)30016-2
Kožnarová V., Klabzuba J. (2002): Recommendation of World Meteorological Organization to describing meteorological or climatological conditions. Rostlinná Výroba, 48: 190–192.
Lancashire P.D., Bleiholder H., Van Den Boom T., Langelüddeke P., Stauss R., Weber E., Witzenberger A. (1991): A uniform decimal code for growth stages of crops and weeds. Annals of Applied Biology, 119: 561–601. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1991.tb04895.x
Laufer D., Koch H.-J. (2017): Growth and yield formation of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) under strip tillage compared to full width tillage on silt loam soil in Central Europe. European Journal of Agronomy, 82: 182–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2016.10.017
Laufer D., Loibl B., Märländer B., Koch H.-J. (2016): Soil erosion and surface runoff under strip tillage for sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in Central Europe. Soil and Tillage Research, 162: 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.04.007
Licht M.A., Al-Kaisi M. (2005): Corn response, nitrogen uptake, and water use in strip-tillage compared with no-tillage and chisel plow. Agronomy Journal, 97: 705–710. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.0102
Morris N.L., Miller P.C.H., Orson J.H., Froud-Williams R.J. (2007): Soil disturbed using a strip tillage implement on a range of soil types and the effects on sugar beet establishment. Soil Use and Management, 23: 428–436. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2007.00128.x
Potratz D.J., Mourtzinis S., Gaska J., Lauer J., Arriaga F.J., Conley S.P. (2020): Strip-till, other management strategies, and their interactive effects on corn grain and soybean seed yield. Agronomy Journal, 112: 72–80. https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20067
Růžek P., Kusá H., Vavera R. (2016): Effect of soil tillage intensity on oilseed rape seeds and oil content. In: Švachula V., Vach M., Honsová H. (eds.): Prosperous Oil Crops 2016. Prague, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 6.–8.12. 2016: 10–12. (In Czech)
Schwarzak S., Hänsel S., Matschullat J. (2015): Projected changes in extreme precipitation characteristics for Central Eastern Germany (21st century, model-based analysis). International Journal of Climatology, 35: 2724–2734. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.4166
Sessiz A., Sogut T., Alp A., Esgici R. (2008): Tillage effects on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) emergence, yield, quality, and fuel consumption in double cropping system. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 9: 697–710.
Tabatabaeekoloor R. (2011): Soil characteristics at the in-row and inter-row zones after strip-tillage. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6: 6598–6603. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.722
Trevini M., Benincasa P., Guiducci M. (2013): Strip tillage effect on seedbed tilth and maize production in Northern Italy as case-study for the Southern Europe environment. European Journal of Agronomy, 48: 50–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2013.02.007
Übelhör A., Gruber S., Claupein W. (2014): Influence of tillage intensity and nitrogen placement on nitrogen uptake and yield in strip-tilled white cabbage (Brassica oleracea convar. capitata var. alba). Soil and Tillage Research, 144: 156–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2014.07.015