orcid , Ivana Capouchová | Agricultural Journals" />

The straw as mulch and compost as a tool for mitigation of drought impacts in the potatoes cultivation

https://doi.org/10.17221/493/2019-PSECitation:Král M., Dvořák P., Capouchová I. (2019): The straw as mulch and compost as a tool for mitigation of drought impacts in the potatoes cultivation. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 530-535.
download PDF

The frequent occurrence of years with extreme drought leads to the investigation of measures for mitigation of their impacts. The efficiency of organic mulch materials – straw and compost application as the preservation of potato production in drought conditions were verified in this study. Three mulching treatments were verified during the three experimental years (2016–2018) in an exact field trial with potatoes cv. Dicolora. Wheat straw mulch in the rate of 2.5 t/ha (SM1) and 4.5 t/ha (SM2), compost in the rate of 20 t/ha (CM), and control block without any treatments (C) were used. The yield of marketable tubers (tuber over 40 mm) showed a significant increase by 21.2% at the straw mulch treatment (SM2) in comparison with control. As for the straw mulch (SM1) and compost mulch (CM), tubers yields increased by 12.8% and 10.1%, respectively, compared to control.

 

References:
Adamchuk V., Prysyazhnyi V., Ivanovs S., Bulgakov V. (2016): Investigations in technological method of growing potatoes under mulch of straw and its effect on the yield. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Scientific Conference Engineering for Rural Development, Jelgava, 25.–27.05.2016, 1098–1103.
 
Akhtar K., Wang W.Y., Khan A., Ren G.X., Afridi M.Z., Feng Y.Z., Yang G.H. (2018): Wheat straw mulching with fertilizer nitrogen: An approach for improving soil water storage and maize crop productivity. Plant, Soil and Environment, 64: 330–337. https://doi.org/10.17221/96/2018-PSE
 
Douglas J.C. (2004): The effects of kickoff and compost on yield and economic value of double crop potatoes. Cantaurus, 12: 4–6.
 
Dudás P., Menyhárt L., Gedeon C., Ambrus G., Tóth F. (2016): The effect of hay mulching on soil temperature and the abundance and diversity of soil-dwelling arthropods in potato fields. European Journal of Entomology, 113: 456–461. https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2016.059
 
Dvořák P., Tomášek J., Hamouz K., Kuchtová P. (2015): Reply of mulch systems on weeds and yield components in potatoes. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61: 322–327. https://doi.org/10.17221/242/2015-PSE
 
Dvořák P., Král M., Tomášek J., Hamouz K. (2017): Potatoes – Applied technologies in organic potato growing. In: Konvalina P. (ed.): Plant Growing in Organic Farming. České Budějovice, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, 89–116.
 
Elbl J., Plošek L., Kintl A., Hynšt J., Záhora J., Javoreková S., Charousová I., Kalhotka L., Urbánková O. (2014): Effects of drought on microbial activity in rhizosphere, soil hydrophobicity and leaching of mineral nitrogen from arable soil depending on method of fertilization. International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, 8: 844–850.
 
Geigenberger P., Reimholz R., Geiger M., Merlo L., Canale V., Stitt M. (1997): Regulation of sucrose and starch metabolism in potato tubers in response to short-term water deficit. Planta, 201: 502–518. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004250050095
 
Grzebisz W., Čermák P., Rroco E., Szcepaniak W., Potarzycki J., Füleky G. (2017): Potassium impact on nitrogen use efficiency in potato – A case study from the Central-East Europe. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63: 422–427. https://doi.org/10.17221/344/2017-PSE
 
Halloran J.M., Larkin R.P., DeFauw S.L., Olanya O.M., He Z.Q. (2013): Economic potential of compost amendment as an alternative to irrigation in maine potato production systems. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4: 237–244. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.42031
 
Hlavinka P., Trnka M., Semerádová D., Dubrovský M., Žalud Z., Možný M. (2009): Effect of drought on yield variability of key crops in Czech Republic. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149: 431–442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.09.004
 
Ilyas M., Ayub G. (2017): Role of planting depth and mulching on growth and yield components of autumn potato crop sown at different dates. Pure and Applied Biology, 6: 1436–1449. https://doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2017.600155
 
Kohut M., Rožnovský J., Chuchma F., Hora P. (2012): Potential water balance as an indicator of drought in 2012. In: Proceeding of the Extremes of Water Circulation in the Landscape. Mikulov, 8.–9.4. 2014.
 
Lhotka O., Kyselý J., Farda A. (2018): Climate change scenarios of heat waves in Central Europe and their uncertainties. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 131: 1043–1054. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-016-2031-3
 
Minhas J.S. (2016): Potato: Production strategies under abiotic stress. In: Tuteja N., Gill S.S., Tiburcio A.F., Tuteja R. (eds.): Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress. Weinheim, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 1155–1167.
 
Oljača J., Broćić Z., Momirović N., Počtić D., Pantelić D., Rudić J., Momčilović I. (2018): Effects of cultivar and mulching on the potato yield. Agrofor International Journal, 3: 132–136. https://doi.org/10.7251/AGRENG1801132O
 
Orth R., Zscheischler J., Seneviratne S.I. (2016): Record dry summer in 2015 challenges precipitation projections in Central Europe. Scientific Reports, 6: 28334. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep28334
 
Pražan J., Kapler P., Picková A. (2007): Analysis of Adaptation Measures to Climate Change in the Czech Republic in the Area of Agriculture Output of Functional Task. Prague, Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, 218.
 
Ranjan P., Patle G.T., Prem M., Solanke K.R. (2017): Organic mulching – A water saving technique to increase the production of fruits and vegetables. Current Agriculture Research Journal, 5: 371–380. https://doi.org/10.12944/CARJ.5.3.17
 
Raymundo R., Asseng S., Robertson R., Petsakos A., Hoogenboom G., Quiroz R., Hareau G., Wolf J. (2018): Climate change impact on global potato production. European Journal of Agronomy, 100: 87–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2017.11.008
 
Vlček V., Brtnický M., Pokorný E. (2010): Pedoclimatic changes of some soil properties. In: Proccedings of the Water in the Landscape. Lednice 31.5.–1.6.2010.
 
SAS (2003): Statistical Analysis System. SAS Release 9.1 for Windows. Cary, SAS Institute Inc.
 
Sofyan S., Mustafa M., Baharuddin B., Rampisela D.A. (2014): The effect of mulch and fertilizer on soil temperature of a potato growth. International Journal of Agriculture Systems (IJAS), 2: 91–102.
 
Sreyashi P., Faroog M., Bhattacharya S.S., Gogoi N. (2017): Management strategies for sustainable yield of potato crop under high temperature. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 63: 276–287. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2016.1204542
 
Taheri N., Sharif Abad H.H., Yousefi K., Roholla Mousavi S. (2012): Effect of compost and animal manure with phosphorus and zinc fertilizer on yield of seed potatoes. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12: 705–714. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162012005000026
 
Welbaum G.E. (ed.) (2015): Vegetable Production and Practices. Wallingford, Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International, 486.
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences